dviout for Windows

Ver.3.06, August 10, 1998

Copyright(c) 1990-1998 SHIMA
Notes for non-japanese Windows95/NT users
Supported Functions
String Search
String Copy
User Interface
Property Sheets
Information Display
Link to Other Programs
Start and Exit
Known Problems
dviout Users Group

dviout for Windows is written for Borland C++ 4.5/5.0/5.01 and Visual C++ 4.0/5.0.
This help was created by using MakeHelP.

Supported Functions

dviout for Windows is a TeX device driver for Windows 95 and Windows NT. It has the same functions as the earlier MS-DOS versions of dviout and dviprt.

1. Applicable TeX: Normal European-Language TeX, pTeX (a Japanized TeX developed by ASCII corp.), and NTT JTeX.

2. Extended Functions:
tpic specials, color specials, PostScript specials (for color and scaling), reading EPS/PS/PBM/GIF/BMP and other Image data files, image output in BMP (or PBM, G3FAX, EPSF), HyperTeX specials, String Search, String Copy, Linking to other programs.

3. Preview Function: gray scale display (antialiasing for colored characters), [Loupe] function.

4. Printing Functions: Supports three Printing methods:
- color/monochrome printing and fax transmission by Windows 95 and Windows NT drivers
- printing by proprietary built-in drivers
- printing by external programs other than dviout.
Also supports Dual Page Printing and Reduce/Magnify Printing Function.

5. European Language Fonts and NTT JTeX Japanese Fonts: PK, PXL1001, PXL1002, PXL1003 formats fonts (but not GF), TrueType fonts, Virtual fonts, proprietary PKD font directory file, Automatic Font Generation for missing ones by METAFONT.

6. Font Library: FAR Font Library, GTH Font Library, FLI Font Library

7. ASCII pTeX and NTT JTeX Japanese Fonts: JXL4 fonts, fixed-size bitmapped Japanese fonts and reduced versions in proprietary formats, "Shotai Kurabu" format fonts, Windows 3.1 or Windows 95 TrueType Japanese fonts.

Dviout for Windows is a free software, as are the predecessors dviout and dviprt for MS-DOS. In principle, Source Code is also publicly available along with the executables. These packages can be freely distributed. At this writing, the latest versions and information about them can be obtained from the following URL:

If you want to incorporate dviout for Windows into a commercial product, contact the developer (

Some test versions may have limited distribution. Refer to the attached document, which has more up-to-date information than the descriptions in this help.

dviout Users Group

The dviout Users Group has established a mailing list to exchange the following information among users.

1. Problems occurring when a user uses dviout/dviprt, the specifications, bugs, techniques, improvements, patches, etc.

2. More broadly, TeX and related software, and information useful to participants in the dviout mailing list.

The address is

This mailing list can be freely joined and left. The procedure is automated.
If you send mail with only one line in the body containing


to the above address, you are automatically registered as a member at the submission address. The mail (usually in Japanese) sent to the above address by a member is distributed to all of the members. To leave the list, replace "subscribe" in the body of the mail with the two lines.


and send to the above address. More information, including the list of subjects, can be obtained from

These pages are administered by the dviout developer. Since the developer (cf.
Distribution) can not reply all the mails, please do not expect a reply.

Note: The above description is current as of December 1996. There may be future changes.

Known Problems

- Some of the error displays and their corresponding remedies are inappropriate.

- The specification for the number of copies may become invalid in the print dialog for a dvi file containing only one page. (Press [Setup...] once to enter [Printer Setup]. Select OK to enable the specification of multiple copies.)

- When the mouse cursor is shaped a hand, ALT+<key> (key used to select a menu) is disabled. This is presumably a Windows problem, for other well-known software packages suffer the same problem. (Note: It would be good to bind frequently used functions from the menu to keys by using key function definitions.)

- In the state where the wheel button of a Microsoft IntelliMouse is pressed and the mouse cursor is moved outside dviout where the wheel button is released, the wheel operation by dviout is somewhat strange, for instance, entering the same state as when the wheel button is pressed.
If the wheel button is clicked again in dviout, this is undone.

- There is a fatal bug related to reading TrueType fonts in Windows NT Service Pack 3, and dviout also generates errors. Get a patch from Microsoft.

- Handling of color images fails or becomes extremely slow at 600
dpi or higher resolutions. This could be a Windows problem.

To create this help, we used

MakeHelP Ver.1.01c 1996/Ver.1.02 1997
Copyright (c) 1996-1997, Yamamoto at Yama-BBS


dviout has progressed through the MS-DOS version developed with the cooperation of many people and has resulted in the current Windows 95/NT version.

The following dviout functions were provided with substantial cooperation from the following people. I am grateful to these people and many others who provided supports concerning many issues (SHIMA).

ManualY. Kusimi, Senshu, Togashi
Integration into Ver. 2.34sempa
PC-9801 High-Resolution Mode OkI
J-3100sempa, hero.h, Senshu
ESC/PageTomiie, OkI
LIPS III ESC/Page IntegrationOkI
tpic specialsOh-Yeah?
New size optionYoshizawa
Shotai Kurabu FontHideki Yoshida, Minagawa, Mukauchi
JG FontNaochan!
TrueType FontMatsuda
FLI Format FontHideyasu Yoshizaki
Reducing and Enlarging the System FontNaochan!, Yoshizawa, Matsuda
Function to automatically generated a missing fontYakumo
PostScriptTakanori Uchiyama
PBM Image DataYakumo
GIF Image DataAsayama
Page description language embeddingSadayuki Iwai
Windows 95 VersionOtobe
Raw mode printer output in WindowsMatsuda
Virtual FontsMatsuda
Source for VC++Kenji Yorimoto
Help in EnglishScientific Software Department, Application Software Division, NEC Corporation, Haruhiko Okumura and Hiroo Hongo

Reports from many users provided the driving force behind the growth to a better system. If you have questions about dviout bugs or find mistakes in the help descriptions, please contact the
dviout Users Group or the developers (cf. Distribution).


To uninstall dviout, do the followings to restore the state before dviout was Installed.

1. Use "Option -> Uninstall" (to erase the entire contents of the
Registry written by dviout and to remove dviout from the start menu). Then quit current dviout session.

2. Delete files, such as dviout.exe, dviout.hlp, and dviout.cnt and any related files, dviout.par, dviout.vfn, and documents (by using the Windows Explorer).

Note 1. dviout does not install or modify any files in the Windows directory. Only the Windows Registry is related to the Windows systems. For ease of uninstalling, it would be better to put dviout files to a separate directory besides any other applications.

Note 2. Usually, Upgrading dviout requires only to replace files, dviout.exe, dviout(e).hlp, and dviout(e).cnt. Exceptions, if any, will be described in the documentation. You don't have to press "Option -> Uninstall" when upgrading. If you do this, the various Parameters previously set are all cleared.

Note 3. Be aware that after using "Option -> Uninstall" to delete Registry entries for dviout, if dviout is started, Registry is written to again.

Note 4. When setting or updating with "Option -> Install", the previous settings are overwritten and deleted. Therefore, an Uninstall is not needed before this action.


Dviout for Windows can display a dvi file on a Windows screen with fonts in the same resolution (
dpi) as the fonts used in Printing (by reducing their resolutions on the screen using gray scale).

In general, using gray scale would results in better readability than without using gray scale for the same display resolution.

If you want to speed up the displaying or you do not want use gray scale, 118-dpi fonts can be used as in the MS-DOS version of the dviout. (In this case, select "Property Sheets -> [Display]" and specify the unscaling, then the gray scale is not used.)

By clicking the right button of the mouse, the loupe function can be used to display an enlarged or reduced section of the page. (The loupe adjustment is "Property Sheets -> [Loupe]")

Several objects such as the Status Bar in the view can be hidden (View-> ...). Hiding them would results in a larger display for previewing.

Parameter List

dviout for Windows has the following
Parameters. Refer to Example of Parameter Setting.

  • Font related
    Font related (Part 2)
    -A: -c: -gen: -TEXPKD: -TEXFLI: -ttf: -Fkeep: -virtual:
    Japanese font related
    -TEXKNJ: -ntt: -nttF: -S: -J: -JC: -vfn:
    Print position and range related
    -area: -LM: -TM: -RM: -BM: -OX: -OY: -HC: -VC: -HS: -VS: -dviprt:
    Size and resolution related
    -y: -dpi: -dpiv: -mag: -e: -varf: -gsize:
    View related
    -BMP: -scale: -t: -bright: -base: -box: -sdpi:
    Graphics related
    -tpic: -GS: -gsx: -GIF: -gdat: -gfit: -gow: -gclip: -spi:
    HyperTeX related
    -hyper: -hyperoff: -href: -hname: -hbuf: -sdpi: -Browser:
    Search related
    -search: -sdpi: -sFont:
    System related
    -br: -bb: -bf: -multi: -log: -renew: -button: -file: -mode:

  • Example of Parameter Setting

    This example prints by using the dviout driver and not the Windows printer driver to a 300
    dpi LBP printer (LIPS III).

    This list is displayed by "Option->Non-default Parameters"; parameters not listed keep their default values.

    gen="`mktexpk ^s ^d ^D ^d/^D"

    If everything is written out by "Option->All parameters", the following results.

    sFont="cmex*lasy*lcircle*line*logo*msam*euex*ascgrp* cmsy*cmbsy*msbm*eusm*eusb*"
    gen="`mktexpk ^s ^d ^D ^d/^D"

    Property sheets

    [CONTENTS], [Display], [Resolution], [Font], [Font2],
    [WinJFont], [JFont2], [Key], [Search], [HyperTeX],
    [Loupe], [Graphic], [Printer], [Paper], [System], [REGISTRY]


    HyperTeX is TeX with an added HyperJump function (link information to other resources and link target information) of the HyperText Markup Language (HTML), and is implemented by
    HyperTeX specials.

    Dviout interprets HyperTeX specials. If you press a hot spot by the left button of the mouse, you can jump to another part of the same text or to another local dvi file. You can also jump to other resources by executing a application associated to the linked file or by calling the default WWW browser.

    Property Sheets -> [HyperTeX] specifies colors for link strings (Universal Resource Locators, or URLs; default is a light blue box) and size of the cache buffer for resolving links.

    When the dvi file foo.dvi contains an HyperTeX anchor Chapter1, say, then starting dviout by the command line

    dviout foo #Chapter1

    directly jumps to the anchor position.

    If "Associating dvi files with dviout" is in effect, then the WWW browser automatically starts dviout for links with .dvi extension (cf. "no more dviout").

    See the sample hyperdvi.dvi included in the package of dviout.

    String Search

    You can search for strings in the currently displayed dvi file on dviout. You can also search for 2-byte character strings (hiragana, kanji, etc.) for Japanized dvi files by pTeX (a Japanized TeX developed by ASCII corp.).

    The search string can be specified in "Search->Find..." or from the Combo Box in the Toolbox. If same string as in a previous search is used, press the arrow of the Combo Box and select from the list.

    Word search: This option is possible only when the string consists of only alphabet letters. Spaces before and after the input string are regarded as also a part of string to search. However, spaces inside the string are ignored, so "this is" and "thisis" is regarded as the same string.

    Case-sensitive search: If this checkbox is off, the string search does not distinguish uppercase and lowercase letters of one-byte characters.

    In "
    Property Sheets->[Search]", you can specify how to highlight the found string on the preview display. (By default, the string is shown in red .)

    String Copy

    By clicking the left button of mouse with SHIFT key, you can get a string pointed by the mouse in a
    Preview window. A dialog box appears, and the string is copied.

    The [Clipboard] button (or Space or Enter key) copies the string to the Windows clipboard.

    The [Add] button makes the string longer, whereas the [Delete] button makes it shorter. For English texts, these buttons usually adds or deletes one word at a time.

    The [Full] button displays the full string to be copied (about 3000 letters). Another [Add] here lets you return to the original state.

    You can edit the copied strings on the dialog box. The [Clipboard] button or the right button on the mouse copies the string to the clipboard.

    If the edit box contains the name of a local file, the [Execute] button starts the application associated to the extension of the file. If it contains a URL such as, then a hyperjump to the specified web page is executed.

    Note: Symbols (and two-byte sequence for NTT JTeX) may be acquired incorrectly. If you don't like these, just edit or remove them on the dialog box.

    Note: Click the left button while pressing both CTRL and SHIFT keys displays information on the character.


    To run dviout for Windows, you need files of dviout.exe, dviout.hlp and dviout.cnt (or/and dvioute.hlp and dvioute.cnt for HELP in English).
    These files must be placed in the same directory (it is desirable to avoid the path name including space characters).

    To display or print a TeX dvi file, dviout for Windows needs font files. If the resolution (
    dpi) does not match your printer's resolution, the printing result would not be proper.

    Dviout must know the resolution and the location of the font. These are described by the dviout parameters -dpi:, -TEXROOT: and -TEXPK: (and if necessary, -F:, -L:, etc.).

    If the required font files are provided and these Parameters are set properly, ([Guess] button is available to automatically set -TEXROOT:, -TEXPK:, and -F:), the dvi file can be displayed in a Windows view.

    These settings above, Associating dvi files with dviout, and registering dviout in the start menu can be done by selecting "Option -> Install".

    The -BMP: parameter adjusts the view size or the contrast, and sets them as defaults.

    If the dvi file can be displayed in a Windows view, printing would be also possible. If the printed position on the paper is not proper, it is necessary to adjust the offsets in the printing position. These are adjusted by the -LM: and -TM: parameters.

    As in the former MS-DOS version of dviout, it is possible to describe these parameters in a file dviout.par (dviout.par file in the same directory containing dviout.exe). However, it is more recommended to set various parameters from the dviout.exe because a wider variety of settings are possible as described below. (For example, the parameters are automatically changed when

    In addition, Associating dvi files with dviout would be useful.

    The font files needed in the commonly used environments are as follows.

    1. European language PK Font Glyph File with a name like cmr10.300pk (The number 300 denotes the resolution (in dpi) of the font. This must match your printer's resolution when printing.
    Usually the fonts with resolutions 1.2 and 1.2^2 times as high as the base resolution, cmr10.360pk and cmr10.432pk in this case, are also required.)

    2. When using ASCII Japanese TeX, the Japanese font metric files (jfm file) such as min10.tfm are required. These files must be in a different directory from those for European language Font Metric File such as cmr10.tfm.
    Even if the European language PK font file does not exist, the missing PK font can be created by Automatic Font Generation function of the dviout. (When the MakeTeXPK is supported, see Q_F6.)

    1. Setting the Resolution
    2. Setting the Font Path
    3. Adjusting the Display Scale
    4. Adjusting the Print Position
    5. Associating dvi files with dviout

    Note: On multi-user machines such as Windows NT, the individual settings for each user are also possible besides the common default settings(Q_S6).

    Note: In addition, if you want to import Image data files or print out using Japanese font in LBP, some useful information can be found in Q&A and Contents.

    Setting the Resolution

    0. The default resolution is 300
    dpi. If you want use this value, it is not necessary to specify the resolution value explicitly.

    1. Property Sheets appears in "Option -> Setup Parameters". Then select the [Resolution] sheet (see [Help]).

    2. Input the value of the resolution -dpi: which matches the font resolution (dpi) (type the keyboard or using the arrow button on the sheet).

    Usually, this value must match your printer's resolution. On the other hand, the preview display has a lower resolution, so the font resolution is reduced and converted to a gray scale in the preview display. (When a display without reduction, 118 dpi is often used.)

    3. Press [Save] to register to the Registry, then the new resolution value will be used in the next session of the dviout. (cf. Q_S1).

    4. Press [Apply] to reflect the settings in the current session of the dviout.

    Note: The resolution written in the catalog of the printer is sometimes imaginary and larger than real one. The real resolutions that the Windows printer driver supports are those which can be selected in Quality: in Print dialog box.
    Note: Usually, it is not necessary to specify the value of -dpiv:.

    Setting the Font Path

    The parameter
    -TEXPK: specifies the paths of the fonts used by dviout. In addition, when -TEXROOT: is used, the description in -TEXPK: can be shortened. In a certain situation, specifying the -L: would be necessary.

    1. Select "Option -> Setup Parameters -> [Font]" (see [Help]).

    2. Set -TEXPK:. If you have several font paths which include the partially common path, you can use the -TEXROOT: parameter. The common part in -TEXPK: can be written with ^r .

    See "Examples of TEXPK Settings".

    Remarks: If you press the [Guess] button, the dviout will guess and search for the font file. Then, the settings of -TEXROOT:, -TEXPK:, and -L: (and -F: depending in some cases) described in 2 above are set automatically. If you are asked the question displayed, carefully answer "Yes" or "No".
    This font path guessing function would be failed if the resolution is not specified correctly nor the basic fonts are not installed. This function works only for the European language PK font file, the Japanese jxl4font, the Japanese text jfm file, and the GTH Font Library.

    3. Font Check: Use "[Check] " to check whether the font path setting is correct.

    4. Press [Save] to register to Registry that will be referred in the next session of dviout (cf. Q_S1).

    5. Press [Apply] to apply the new font path settings to the current dviout session.

    Examples of TEXPK Settings

    Example 1.
    In the case when you have all the European language fonts in c:\tex\texmf\fonts\pk, for example, the path for 300
    dpi in cmbx10 is
    and the jfm file Japanese font in c:\tex\texmf\fonts\public\ptex\tfm, for example, for min8 as in
    then the specification in -TEXROOT: and -TEXPK: would be

    -TEXPK:^r\pk\^s.^dpk; ^r\public\ptex\tfm\^s.tfm

    In this case, other font files, for example, the font file for the 360dpi of lcircle10should be found as

    Example 2.
    In the case when the paths of your European language PK fonts files are like
    (cmbx100 of 300 dpi font and lcirclie10 of 360 dpi font), and the Japanese text jfm file is in the same manner as the first Example 1, then the description for -TEXROOT: and -TEXPK: would be

    cut long name: last part(-L: 0)

    Note: -TEXPK: above can be set to


    (\\ is replaced by a directory name of any length.) However, if \\ is used and -Fkeep: is OFF(particularly, when used from a location near the root directory), the font search takes time, and starting dviout becomes slow.

    Example 3.
    In the case when you have European Language TrueType Fonts like cmr10, cmr8 and European language PK fonts like
    then TrueType Fonts are specified in Property Sheets->[WinJFont] and the corresponding tfm files are indicated by -TEXPK: But any tfm file which is not corresponding to a TrueType font can not be matched in -TEXPK:
    It is recommended to make a new directory, copy tfm files for TrueType fonts in a special directory and indicated them in -TEXPK:
    Suppose the tfm files are copied in c:\tex\fonts\ttf\tfm and Japanese font metric jfm files have the path names like
    Then -TEXPK: would be


    Note: The end of -TEXPK: should not be replaced by ^r\\^s.tfm. (In addition to c:\tex\fonts\pk\msbm10.300pk, c:\tex\fonts\tfm\msbm10.tfm also matches.)

    Example 4.
    In the case when your European language PK fonts are collected in the GTH Font Library at each resolution. For example, the 300dpi cmbx10 is inserted with the file name of in the GTH font library c:\tex\fonts\dpi300.gth. Also your Japanese jfm file are collected in the GTH font library of c:\tex\fonts\jfm.gth, then the specification in -TEXROOT: and -TEXPK: would be


    Adjusting the Display Scale

    If the resolution or the contrast on your
    Preview display is not proper, you can adjust them in "Option -> Setup Parameters -> [Display]".

    1. Adjust the Start: parameter of [Display].

    Setting H-scale to 4 means a reduction to 1/4 in the horizontal direction. If the dpi (setting in -dpi:) is 360, the resolution in the horizontal direction will be 360/4 = 90 dpi on your preview display. Usually, it would be appropriate to select a value of 70 dpi -- 120 dpi with your display resolution.
    The reduction of the resolution in the vertical direction is specified in V-scale.
    If you want to reverse the lightness and the darkness on your screen, then check the reverse box.
    When the display resolution is reduced, the contrast can be adjusted by using the gray scale.

    Note: In practice, when displaying a dvi file, you can adjust the scale in preview display by " Display -> Size -> Magnify, Reduce " (can be set by using the tool bar buttons) and the contrast by "Display -> Contrast -> Blacker, Whiter ".
    After these, the parameters in Start: of " Option -> Setup Parameters -> [Display] " are now assigned with the current values. To carry out 2. below, it would be better to use these values .

    2. Press [Save] to register to Registry (cf. Q_S1).

    3. Press [Apply] to apply the settings to the current dviout session.

    Adjusting the Print Position

    0. Print out some auxiliary dvi file (for example, test_a4.dvi), then check the printed position on the paper. If the horizontal and vertical positions need to be adjusted, do the followings.

    1. Select "Option -> Setup Parameters ->
    [Printer]" (see [Help]).

    2. Uncheck the box of "Use default area for system drive" and press [OK]. Next, print out the auxiliary dvi file again and measure the length that should be corrected.

    3. Again, select "Option -> Setup Parameters -> [Printer]" to set the length of the horizontal position that should be corrected in -LM: and the length of the vertical position that should be corrected in -TM: in units of 1/100 cm. (51 means 5.1 mm.)

    Initially, both are zero and probably the actual printed position would be offset down and to the right. Then input these offset widths. Increasing -LM: makes the print position move to the left, and increasing -TM: makes it move up.

    If you want to print out in the landscape orientation, first you should check the offsets by print out, for example, test_org.dvi in the landscape orientation. Then, (press the [Setup] button in the print dialog to make the printing direction horizontal.) specify the offset values in -RM: and -BM: for the vertical and horizontal direction, respectively.

    4. Press [Save] to register to the Registry which is referred in the next dviout session (cf. Q_S1).

    5. Press [Apply] to reflect the settings to the current session of the dviout.

    Note: The printing position adjustment only for the temporary should be done by specifying -OX: and -OY:.

    Associating dvi files with dviout

    Although this is automatically set by "Option->Install," it can be set by the following operations.

    Start Windows Explorer (Click"Start Menu->Program->Explorer" in Windows by the mouse) and select "Display->Option->File Type->Add" from the menu bar to move to the "Add New File Type" sheet.

    Associating dviout to the dvi file.
    Define dvi in the associated extension and add the description like DVI file in the type description.
    If you select "Add" to move to the sheet for a new action, define open in the action, and select dviout.exe in the reference (double click on the left mouse button), then the dviout is defined in the application that executes the action.

    Set the icon on the dvi file.
    Press "OK" to return to the sheet for adding a new file and select the icon change.
    Press "Reference" on the sheet for changing the icon and select dviout.exe (for example, double click the left mouse button). Then select the icon you like and return to adding the new file type. Press "Exit" and finally press "OK" in the option sheet in the Explorer to exit the setting.

    When you double-click the dvi file icon by the mouse, the file is previewed by dviout(cf.
    no more dviout, -multi:).

    Automatic Parameter Installation Function

    1. If you install dviout with the TeX compiler, you might know the font locations and also their creation methods. In this case,
    Installation dviout can be simpler, if the following dviout functions are used .

    When dviout is started and the initial settings are completed, if the mode remains at 0 and does not change and -TEXPK: is not defined, the install.par file is searched for in the directory containing the dviout that was started. If it exists, that file is regarded as the parameter file, read, and write these parameters to the Registry

    You can write parameters like -TEXPK: in install.par. This parameter file is only read during installation and is used for initial setting. Refer to it when creating your install program.

    2. dviout can read a parameter file from Option->Read Parameters. If the name of parameter file begins with $_ such as $_myown.par, dviout also writes the parameters to the Registry when the file is read.


    To move the display position, you can use the following methods:

    - Move in a page
    1. Scroll bar

    2. Dragging the left button in the hand-shaped mouse cursor

    3. The arrow keys on the keyboard

    4. [Home], [End] keys, etc.

    5. Turning the Microsoft IntelliMouse wheel.

    - Page jump
    1. There are various page jumps from "Jump ->" and they are assigned to several keys. You can redefined the key binding for frequently used functions by "
    Property Sheets->[Key]". You can also redefine the association of the buttons on tool bar for these functions.

    2. Move from the page history ("Jump->History " or tool button).

    3. Mark some page and later move there.

    4. Click the page slider or drag and drop it.

    5. Use the spin control in the tool bar or enter the Page Number in the associated editing box (Jump->Input Page Number), or use the arrow keys.

    6. While pressing the wheel button of the Microsoft IntelliMouse, turn the wheel.

    7. Instruct a page move by a DDE communication from an external program.

    - To Another file

    - Other Methods
    Move by a String Search or HyperTeX

    Note: The assignments to various function keys can be referenced in the "Key Function Table".

    Another file

    To open a dvi file, you can use the following methods:

    1. Specify in "File->Open" or "File->History" in dviout, or select the corresponding tool button.

    2. Specify in the command line at start-up.

    3. Drag the dvi file and drop it on the dviout icon or on the running dviout.

    4. Set "
    Associating dvi files with dviout" that has the .dvi extension. By doing this, when the icon of the dvi file is double-clicked by the left button of the mouse, dviout starts.

    5. Use DDE (cf. "Link to Other Programs").

    6. Specify the functions to be automatically updated when the dvi file in the view is updated (cf. -renew:).

    7. \ Jump using HyperTeX (You can open dvi files on the Internet)

    Page Number

    How to specify the page in the input box in the tool bar.

    <number>: Move to the <number>-th page.

    +<number>: Relative move forward of <number>pages.

    -<number>: Relative move backward of <number>pages.

    .<number>: Move to the <number>th page when counting (towards the beginning) from the last page. If <number>is not specified, move to the last page.

    While pressing the SHIFT or CTRL key when exiting, hit the ENTER key : Specify the nombre page.

    For .<number> above, nombre becomes the page when counting towards the beginning from the last page.

    Note: By default, since a slash (/) is assigned to the page number input, a page jump can be made by the /20[Enter], /.[SHIFT]+[Enter], etc. key inputs.

    Dviout for Windows can be started in several ways:

    1. Click the dviout icon.

    2. Set "
    Associating dvi files with dviout" with the .dvi extension. If the dvi file icon is double clicked after setting, dviout starts and the clicked file is displayed(cf. no more dviout).

    3. Start from the command line.

    dviout [parameters] [foo [option]]

    parameters: Set by using spaces as the delimiters like -mag=2 -BMP=3. The -NULL parameter is a special setting, which specifies not to read the Parameters from Registry.

    If the parameter list starts with
    then the dviout windows occupies the portion of the screen specified by the upper left and lower right corners in pixels. For example, to Preview in the whole screen, hide the various bars in the View Menu setting, and let -NULL=(0,-40)-(1024,768), say.

    foo : This specifies the dvi file name. The .dvi extension can be omitted. If foo is a directory name, the dialog for selecting dvi files in that directory opens.

    option : Indicates the page first displayed when a number.
    If h is set and an earlier log displaying foo.dvi remains, the page is displayed when closing it before.
    If #name is set, the label name of the jump destination of HyperTeX indicates the page including the name location.

    Note: Multiple dviouts can be started. The maximum number can be changed by -multi:. If the maximal number of dviouts are started and another dviout is requested to preview a new dvi file, the dviout started last displays that dvi file in the default case(cf. "no more dviout").

    When exiting dviout, the following states are saved and are resumed at the next start.

    View or hide for the Tool Bar, Scroll Bar, Status Bar, and Page Slider, and the Tool Bar Buttons
    Loupe size, magnification, shape, and motion speed
    Mouse cursor shape

    However, if exited by File -> Quit , the states are not saved. If you are running more than one dviout, the state information of only the first dviout is stored.

    no more dviout

    When "no more dviout" is checked and

    dviout foo

    is executed from an external program or the command line, the checked dviout (by default, the newest dviout or the last dviout when the limit of dviouts specified by
    -multi: were started) displays foo.dvi instead of starting a new dviout(the dvi file in the view closes).

    This setting is effective for the newest one. If all of the dviouts are exited, the settings are canceled and return to the defaults.

    Link to Other Programs

    Call dviout from another program
    In the state where dviout has already been started, when dviout is called again with the dvi file as the parameter, whether to start dviout one more time can be controlled (cf. "
    no more dviout").

    Following service support in DDE
    Service name
    dviout or WinDVI
    Topic name
    Only dviout or WinDVI (A file name is illegal.)
    Then dviout can be connected as the DDE server. (If more than one dviout are running, the first one will be the server.)
    After connecting, the following XTYP_EXECUTE transactions and XTYP_REQUEST transactions can be specified.

    ---------- XTYP_EXECUTE transaction ----------
    The dviout window becomes active.
    "filename" is opened. For example, send a string such as [FileOpen(c:\document\foo.dvi)] or [FileOpen("c:\document\foo.dvi")]. If "filename" is not a full path, the operation cannot be guaranteed.
    If "filename" is a directory name, the dialog for selecting the dvi file in that directory is opened.
    indicates reopening and redisplaying the file currently open in dviout.
    indicates printing the file currently open in dviout. The operation is identical to selecting printing from the menu, and the dialog opens.
    indicates an automatic exit when the current DDE connection to dviout ends.
    moves to the specified page. For example, [PageMove(10)][FileReopen] is used.
    indicates the page displayed first in the file opened by the next [FileOpen(filename)]. As on the command line, when the history (cf. File Menu) is used, "page" is not a number and becomes "h". In this case, filename is not a full path but is searched for in the history.
    For HyperTeX, the display position beginning with a pound sign (#name) as in "#name" can be specified.
    sets the Parameters. For example, the string of the updated parameters as in [ValueSet(dpi=600 y=B5)] and its value are transmitted.
    The function (about 70 types) set by [Function(key)] is executed. The "key" parameter contains the two letters displayed enclosed by square brackets [ ] in the "Key Function Table" view of the "Help->Key table," or they are arranged next to each other. If written successively, they are executed successively.
    For example, [Function(FN)] is the same as [FileReopen], and [Function(FPFX)] is the same as [FilePrint] and [FileExit].

    ---------- XTYP_REQUEST transaction ----------
    The value of a Parameter is obtained by giving the parameter name such as TEXPK, y. The return value is the same string as is given after = by Option->All Parameters.

    Besides usual parameter name the following can be given.

    versionVersion number of dviout such as 3.03.2.
    dvifileThe full pathname of the dvi file being previewed. It is NULL string if there exists no such file.
    current_pageThe current page of the dvi file. The return value is as 10(6), which shows "physical page(logical page)".
    total_pageThe last page number of the current dvi file. The return vale is in the same format as above.
    time_stampThe timestamp of the current dvi file.
    dviout may have the upward compatibility with WinDvi and WinDviPRO. \line
    Since these functions are all independently implemented, there is no need to be concerned about DDE in future function extensions.

    Instead of sending multiple commands in order, they can be successively sent once with no spaces as in "[...][...]". The maximum length of the command array is of 1,024 bytes.

    Refer to "Example Using DDE".

    Example Using DDE

    For example, the following descriptions are made in Hidemaru's macro language.
    ddeinitiate "dviout", "dviout";
    ddeexecute "[FileExit]";
    ddeexecute "[FileOpen(c:\\document\\foo.dvi)]";
    ddeexecute "[FilePrint]";

    The c:\document\foo.dvi file is opened and the Print dialog appears. When printing ends, the DDE connection ends, and dviout exits.


    By selecting "File->Print", the dialog box for the print options opens. Press "OK", then the currently displayed dvi file will be printed.

    Page Selection
    - Number of Copies Specification
    - Printing Two Pages per Sheet
    - Page Printing Order
    - Reduce/Magnify Printing Function
    - dviprt Printing Function
    - Output to File
    - Pause at Each Page Function
    - Unite Print Jobs

    - Cancel During Print Data Output
    - Differences in the Printing Methods(Q_P7)

    Note: If you use a color printer supported by Windows (not using the printing functions based on dviprt but using a Windows printer driver), you can print a dvi file with colors which has color images, for example, embedded with PostScript specials.

    Note: When the current specification of parameters for preview does not match the printer, printed result would not be proper. (You can specify the parameters of the printer by the [Setup...] button in the dialog box.) Check the resolution (dpi), paper size, and its orientation.

    By specifying the parameters in the modes in "Property Sheets->[REGISTRY]", you can use the parameters only for printing which are different from these for preview.

    Note: If the specifications of paper size or orientation in the printer driver do not match those of dviout (errors of 5% or less are ignored), nor if the resolution of the printer does not match that of dviout, dviout will display the Warning dialog box (except for dviprt Printing).

    In the former case, you have two possibilities as following -- to ignore the warning or re-specify the parameters again:

      OK: Ignore the difference in the paper size and execute
      NO: Set again

    In the latter case, you have three possibilities as following -- employing the printer's resolution and execute printing, or print out with the dviout's resolution, or re-specify the parameters again:

      OK: Change and print
      NO: Output at the dviout resolution
      Ignore: Set again or stop

    Page Selection

    <- Print Dialog
    By pressing this button, you can

    Marked page section,
    Only the last page in the marked page section,
    Only the first page in the marked range or
    Only the page currently displayed

    is selected as the printing page section. Each time the button is pressed, the four items above are selected successively. (However, if no page section is marked, only the current page is selected.) You can also specify the numbers in the dialogue box.

    If the page section is not specified, the pages from the marked one to the current one is regarded as the page section to print. If there are no marked pages, only the current page is regarded as the page section to print.

    Number of Copies Specification

    <- Print Dialog
    If box of Copies: is active in the print dialogue sheet, you can specify how many copies to print.

    If the dvi file has only one page or when the check box for dviprt is switched from ON to OFF, Copies: is sometimes disabled. In this case, press [Setup...] and press "OK" in the dialog for setting the printer.

    If the print driver does not support printing multiple copies, you cannot specify Copies:.

    Printing Two Pages per Sheet

    When the radio button of "Unite 2 pages as" is pressed, you can print two logical pages onto each physical sheet of paper.
    You can adjust the width of each logical page on the paper by pressing the buttons beside the radio button. The displayed figure shows the horizontal width of the reduced or enlarged page. If this value becomes 0, the two pages are printed on the same position. (cf.
    Examples Using the Print Options )

    In printing two pages per sheet, you should make sure that the paper size or vertical and horizontal orientations are correctly specified in [Setup ...], and these parameter match the paper in your printer. Otherwise, the printed result would not be proper.
    If you employ dviprt to print, dviprt can guess the paper size and orientation, and guessed parameter values are used as default in some case.

    Examples Using the Print Options

    When you want reduce the paper size from A4 to A5, i.e.,
    Printing Two Pages per Sheet on A4 paper.
    In "File -> Print", check "A4 -> A5" and "unite 2 pages".
    Then specify The horizontal orientation of A4 in the printer setting in [Setup...].

    In the case of Printing Two Pages per Sheet from logical page 1 to page 7 ,
    [Reverse][Blank TopTop][right to left]
    (1,2) -> (3,4) -> (5,6) -> (7, )
    X(7, ) -> (5,6) -> (3,4) -> (1,2)
    X( ,1) -> (2,3) -> (4,5) -> (6,7)
    X(2,1) -> (4,3) -> (6,5) -> ( ,7)
    XX(6,7) -> (4,5) -> (2,3) -> ( ,1)
    XX( ,7) -> (6,5) -> (4,3) -> (2,1)
    XX(1, ) -> (3,2) -> (5,4) -> (7,6)

    Page Printing Order

    You can specify the printing order, such as select only even or odd pages, in reverse order, and two pages per sheet. In the
    Printing Two Pages per Sheet, you can also specify the logical page order on each sheet, like from the right page to the left page, or print a blank page first.

    Reduce/Magnify Printing Function

    When you select the radio button besides "Same size" in "Reduce/Magnify size of a page", quality of fonts such as PK fonts would be poor except for variable-sized fonts (such as TrueType fonts).

    By checking "Adjust origin", you can adjust the origin of the dvi file on the sheet according to the reduction or magnification.

    dviprt Printing

    If you check the box of dviprt in the print dialogue, you can employ the print driver of dviout itself, dviprt, or dvips etc. in the console version (without using any driver of Windows95/NT).

    When you employ the print driver of dviout, you can use various printers such as ESC/P, PC-PR, NM system. You can use also LIPS III/IV, ESC/Page (by employing
    LBP Driver), and others by using CFG File (can be selected by the [CFG file] button). In particular, you can expect fast printing for LIPS III/IV and ESC/Page, because of adequate optimization.
    However, color printing is not supported.

    If you want to employ dviprt of console version, you should check that you can print, for example, foo.dvi in command line, like,

    dviprt foo.dvi

    You can refer to the manual of dviprt to specify the environment variables and parameters in the parameter file (default file name of dviprt.par).

    If you can print dvi files by dviprt in command line, you can also print by dviprt from dviout when the box of dviprt is checked in the printing dialogue.

    If you press [Setup...] before "OK", you can temporarily change the parameters of dviprt.

    You can specify other various process, such as using a program other than dviprt. (cf. Examples of dviprt Settings, Property sheets -> [Printer] -> -dviprt:.)

    Note: In dviprt, the Printing Two Pages per Sheet is not supported except for LIPS III/IV or ESC/Page.

    Examples of dviprt Settings

    The default (when the
    -dviprt: parameter is blank or only + on the Property Sheets->[Printer]) is


    (This is displayed in [Setup] in the dialog before printing.)

    When the TMP environment variable is specified as c:\tmp and you want print foo.dvi from page 1 to 5, then the batch file of

    echo -O=c:\tmp\dvitmp.$$$ >> c:\tmp\dvitmp.par
    dviprt -=c:\tmp\dvitmp.par foo.dvi 1-5
    copy c:\tmp\dvitmp.$$$ prn /b
    del c:\tmp\dvitmp.$$$

    is created and executed.
    In c:\tmp\dvitmp.par, for example, the parameter -y=A4P is written.

    If you have dviprt.exe of Windows console version in c:\dviout, you can specify as following:


    In this case, this is directly executed without passing through the batch file.

    When using a LIPS III compatible driver of dviout, the parameter -dviprt: is


    and when using a LIPS IV compatible driver, the parameter -dviprt: is


    When using a 600 dpi ESC/Page compatible driver for LP-9000, the parameter -dviprt: is


    For LBP Drivers, you can add the specification of subparameters.

    CFG File

    If you want to use the print driver of dviout and printer other than ESC/P, PC-PR, NM system, LIPS III, LIPS IV, or ESC/Page, you have to employ a printer definition file adapted to each printer.
    Also you have to convert the source file defining the required information (usually, the files have the .src extension) into a binary file (usually, the files have the .cfg extension) readable by dviout for Windows by optcfg.exe .

    Read the documentation on how to write the source files. You can refer the many included examples. You can specify the output format in the PBM, G3FAX, or EPSF format by using the attached printer definition files.

    LBP Driver

    This driver is used for the laser beam printer (LBP) such as the Canon LIPS III/IV specified by `l or `L in the
    -dviprt: parameter, and Epson's ESC/Page specified by `m or `M .
    When using this driver, you can download the font to your printer or you use the Japanese scalable font in your printer.
    If the -dviprt: is specified in uppercase letters such as `L and `M, the printing resolution can be changed automatically to that of printer when the specified resolution conflicts with the printer resolution, .
    The default scalable fonts are the Mincho type and the Kaku Gothic type. However, in some case, the Kaku Gothic type is not available for LIPS III. In this case, the Mincho type is used for all Japanese fonts.

    Note: The priority of Japanese fonts other than JXL4 is the Japanese fonts installed in the LBP, Windows TrueType Japanese fonts, and other Japanese fonts.
    When you use Windows TrueType Japanese font(s), the subparameters of v and f described below must be specified. It would be better to specify k.

    When a character modification such as an outline font is specified in LIPS III/IV, there are Restrictions on installed LBP Japanese fonts due to the printer specifications.

    If a LIPS III/IV or ESC/Page driver is specified by -dviprt:, the following subparameters can be specified with separators of semicolons ; or colons : .

    Subparameter v: Adjusting the vertical-to-horizontal ratio of the Japanese font or disabling the printer's Japanese font.
    Subparameter d: Enabling fonts downloading and specifying the available capacity
    Subparameter r: Specifying the method for calculating the available capacity for fonts downloading
    Subparameter k: Enabling downloading of Japanese fonts
    Subparameter m: Adjusting the download range
    Subparameter f: Specifying the Japanese scalable fonts in printer for each TeX fonts
    Subparameter D: Specifying Printer resolution
    Subparameter o: Specifying the parameter file to refer
    Subparameter j: Adjusting the baseline of the Japanese font
    Subparameter s: Specifying magnification and reduction of Japanese fonts
    Subparameter u: Specifying the data transfer block
    Subparameter c: Enabling data compression in LIPS III/IV
    Subparameter E: Enabling correction of characters near the unprintable area in the paper

    For LIPS III, the default values of parameters are


    For LIPS IV, when -dviprt:+`lD600 specification.


    are used as default values.

    For ESC/Page compatible LBP (LP-9000/7000/3000/2000, etc.), default values are


    If -dviprt:+`MD600 is specified, the above D300 will replaced by D600 and match the values for LP-9000 (600 dpi).

    However, only when -dviprt:+`MD240 is specified, the j90 also changes. Then


    is the default and these match the values for LP-7000 (240 dpi).

    Subparameter v

    You can adjust the vertical-to-horizontal ratio of a Japanese scalable font by specifying the number following subparameter v. The vertical size is enlarged or reduced to 1/1000 of the given number.

    The default value is 1000. A value from 200 to 5000 is accepted. A value out of this range except for zero is interpreted as 1000.
    If you give zero to this v subparameter, this disables the use of scalable fonts in LBP .

    Subparameter d

    You can specify the capacity of the available memory for downloading a font in k byte units by giving a number following subparameter d. The default is 512. If you give zero, this disabling the font downloading.

    Subparameter k is not specified, font downloading is done only for single-byte characters. (In this case, the NTTjTeX Japanese font, which has a single-byte system, will be downloaded to your printer. If you specify the -ntt: option, this will result in conversion of the font coding system to that of a two-byte one. Then the fonts will not be downloaded
    to your printer.)

    The font downloading is carried out within the (specified) available memory capacity. Only for the characters whose frequency is larger than the value specified by Subparameter m in specified printing page section, fonts will be downloaded to your printer. The downloading starts with the most frequently used font. In general, the fonts used more frequently will be downloaded in
    earlier stages.

    But when the total number of downloaded European language font sets reaches "32 minus the total number of used scalable Japanese fonts", the font downloading will stop there. (A font set having character codes larger than 128 is counted as 2 font sets.)

    Subparameter r

    In default, the memory capacity of font downloading in
    Subparameter d is calculated from the cell size of each font (maximum vertical and horizontal dot size of the character in the downloading font).

    When r is specified, the memory capacity is calculated form the actual amount of transferred data (the size of each character). The resulting memory value would be smaller than that of the default above.

    Subparameter D

    You can specify the printer resolution in
    dpi units by giving the subparameter D. On the other hand, you can specify the resolution of the fonts by parameter -dpi:. For example, when -dpi:240 and -dviprt:+`lD300, the printed result would be reduced to 80%.

    Subparameter o

    You can specify a parameter file by giving the subparameter o.
    This subparameter should be put at the end of the subparameters of
    You can specify a file created by optcfg.exe.

    dviprt will refer a parameter file after usual initialization of the printer. After reading the parameter file, dviprt sends commands specified in the parameter file. Therefore, even if you specify other parameters of dviout, for example, -y: for paper selection, these specification might be ignored and the values in the parameter file will be used.

    Subparameter j

    By specifying subparameter j, you can adjust the baseline only for LBP. You can also use option
    -J: for the baseline adjustment, but it affects all the other Japanese fonts (not only for LBP font).

    If LBP prints kanji fonts of LBP num% of the font height lower than the baseline without any subparameter j, specifying jnum*10 in the subparameter will result in the fonts aligned with the base line.

    The default value in LIPS III/IV is 79.

    Subparameter k

    By specifying this subparameter, you can download Japanese fonts (besides printer's Japanese fonts) mixing with single-byte European fonts. (cf.
    Subparameter v, Subparameter f)
    For example, this would be useful when you want to use a Windows TrueType Japanese Gothic font.
    When you are using only the printer's Japanese fonts, this subparameter is ignored.
    You can control the downloading of the Japanese font by giving the two numbers after k.


    This specification prohibits the mixing the Japanese font with a European font which has already downloaded more characters than max_char (default, 63) and its appearance is less than skip(default, 4)th most frequent.
    If the numbers for the latter, or the former and the latter are omitted, these default values are used.
    For example, if zero is specified for max_char and a fairly large number is specified for skip, after the European font is downloaded, only the Japanese font is downloaded without accompanying any of the European font.

    Subparameter m

    The only fonts will be downloaded whose appearance in the specified page section for printing is more frequent than the number specified in subparameter m.

    The default for this number is 2.

    However, if the total appearances of the characters in a single font set is less than four, or characters have a vertical or horizontal dot size exceeding 128, fonts for these characters are not download to your printer.

    Subparameter f

    By giving subparameter f, you can specify a scalable font for each Japanese TeX font. You can give more than one font specification, and in this case the specification is read in written order. For fonts which you don't specify the scalable fonts, the default scalable fonts will be used. The specification format is given below.


    This is the font name in TeX (assigned to ^s), for example min, goth. You must remove the font size (usually in pt) from the font name.

    This the typeface number in LIPS III/IV, such as Mincho Type 80, Kaku Gothic Type 81, Maru Gothic Type 82, Textbook Type 83, or Block Style Type 84.

    For ESC/Page, this is Kaku Gothic Type Kanji 9, Mincho Type Kanji 10, Maru Gothic Type Kanji 66, Textbook Type Kanji 67, Block Style Type Kanji 68, or Semicursive Type Kanji 69.

    There are additional options:
    G Specification for the pseudo Gothic (For LIPS III/IV, one dot increase in the width. For ESC/Page, the line width is one.)
    H Specification for the pseudo Gothic (For LIPS III/IV, two dots increase in the width. For ESC/Page, the line width is three.)
    F Specification for the fill pattern for LIPS III/IV. For ESC/Page, specifying 20% screen pattern in \line O in the outline font
    S Specification for shadow printing

    G and H cannot be simultaneously specified. Other options can be specified at the same time. \line
    specify "the vertical-to-horizontal ratio of a font" x 1000.

    If you give zero for this option, a scalable font is not used for the specified font. In addition, if you specify dots option, the value for corresponding font will be default values. In this case, if there is a following f option, the value of f description is used. If nothing follows, the default values are used.
    If you give "1" for vh_ratio, a scalable font is not used for items specified in dots.

    Default 22 (Mincho 22, Kaku Gothic 22, Maru Gothic 2)

    The fonts of the dot size specified in this option is skipped and not applied in current subparameter f description. For the fonts skipped here, the next specification of f is referred.
    You can specify a range such as dots-dots.

    In the specification of f, options after shotai can be omitted. (The default is used.) For example,


    Subparameter s

    Subparameter s is the parameter for adjusting the character magnification and reduction only for LBP.
    In some time, for example, even if the LIPS III Japanese font requires a width of 10 pt in the design, the actual printed width of the characters is about 95.5% of that width.

    The specified number is actual magnification x 1000. For example, if you give 1000, this results in no magnification nor reduction. In case you give 2000, the size will doubled. Even if the font size is changed, the print position is corrected properly so that the positions of center lines of the characters do not change. The default is 1047.

    If you specify
    -S: option, the specification by subparameter s is also modified by -S: option. For example, if -S:500 and -dviprt:+`ls2000, the installed LBP font is not magnified or reduced.

    Subparameter u

    In the Canon LBP, when many fonts are used such as EPSF, TPIC, and Windows TrueType Japanese fonts, sometimes unintentional white lines are inserted in the horizontal direction in the printed result, or even the LBP downs requiring the service man call.
    When this subparameter is specified, you can avoid such problems in some case.

    Integers are specified its arguments. You can also specify this by giving minimal unit and pins in the printer's
    CFG File.

    The defaults are minimal unit=1 and pins=8. But if n is specified in the argument, the absolute value of n changes to the minimal unit. If n is negative, pins changes to 24.

    If you have a problem in printing, u10 or u-10 might be helpful. Also see Subparameter c.

    Subparameter c

    This flag is for data compression in the raster image data transfer in LIPS III/IV.

    In usual case, it has almost no effects. However, when subparameter u is specified, it would be useful. For example,

    For ESC/Page printers, this specification is ignored.

    Subparameter E

    LIPS III cannot use the scalable fonts nor downloaded fonts for the characters at near the unprintable area on the sheet. (
    Printing is possible in ESC/Page, but the processing by the dviout is not proper. Therefore, when characters divided at the unprintable region, use this option.)
    For example, when poster.tex is used, one logical page must be divided into multiple physical sheets and above problem might occur.
    If subparameter E is specified, for characters that cross a unprintable boundary, Japanese scalable fonts in LBP are employed in the vector mode and the other fonts are sent as bit map images.
    In the vector mode, there are some restrictions for character modifications and the print codes become redundant. Thus it is better not to use this mode for usual case.

    Restrictions on installed LBP Japanese fonts

    In the following cases, specifications such as the fill pattern (F), shadow (S), and weight are ignored in a type specification of
    Subparameter f.

    - When the font size exceeds 420 x 420 dots (about 3.5 cm for LIPS III)
    - When there are rotations other than in 90 degrees units by rt in extended tpic specials
    - When characters around the unprintable area are printed using subparameter E

    Including printer control codes into TeX file

    If you employ the a built-in printer driver in printing (box of dviprt is checked in the printing dialog), you can include files containing the printer control codes into TeX files.

    The followings are examples of TeX special commands. They would be useful when including draw images written in the LBP page description language.

    \special{lipsfile=name} (for LIPS III/IV)
    \special{escpagefile=name} (for ESC/Page)
    \special{pdlfile=name} (for dviout internal driver)

    These commands send the name files ( name.lp3, name.epg, and name.pdl, respectively) directly to the printer. If the file name is not available, the command is ignored. When
    Previewing, these command are also ignored.

    For LIPS III/IV and ESC/Page, these files are printed on the page where these special commands are put in the TeX source.

    For details, see the attached documents.

    Output to File

    <- Print Dialog
    If "Print to File" is checked, the output data is not sent to the printer, but output to a file.

    When dviprt or the other external driver is employed, you cannot use this option.

    Pause at Each Page

    If this option is checked, dviout takes a pause at each page printing and waits for your next instruction.

    When you are employing the dviout internal driver (the box dviprt is checked), this option can not be used.

    Unite Print Jobs

    <- Print DialogBy checking [Unite job] box in the print dialog, you can unit printing job of dviout when printing more than one page. When the print job is not united, canceling the printing is simpler. This option valid only when dviprt is not employed.

    Be careful when sending your fax by dviout. When you don't unit the jobs, each page is sent separately and you have to dial up for each page.

    When using a Windows driver for a PostScript printer, data conversion may take a long time. In such a case, printing each page would be faster than united one because printing starts immediately.

    The default is automatically determined by comparing the hard disk space and the printing data amount.

    When the printing page section is changed, the defaults are also changed (automatically). Therefore, if you want change besides the default, check/uncheck the box after changing the printing page section.

    The united job is selected automatically when the disk has the space more than twice of the printing data amount (the printing data is estimated as a binary bitmap data). When using a PostScript printer, estimated data amount may differ from actual data amount.

    Cancel During Print Data Output

    While sending the data to the printer, dviout shows a dialog box for canceling the

    Note when the box of dviprt is checked, this is not displayed.

    User Interface

    1. The dviout Window has the following function bars around the main window (
    Preview window). These bars can be hidden except for the title bar and the menu bar (see View Menu on the menu bar).

    1.1. Title bar: The top part of the window, displaying the name of the dvi file either in full-path format (for focused window) or in short format (for out-of-focus window).

    1.2. Menu bar: Below the title bar, with the File, Jump, Display, View, Option, and Help menus and submenus.

    1.3. Toolbar: Below the menu bar, with various toolbuttons, a window for String Search lists, and a window for the Page Number. Each of the right six toolbuttons can be exchanged with one of the other set of buttons (2nd tool buttons, cf. View Menu).
    These 2nd tool buttons can be redefined by users(Q_V10, Q_O4).

    1.4. Status bar: The bottom part of the window, with information such as page number, resolution (dpi), gamma correction, page size.

    1.5. Scrollbar: By using this bar you can scroll the displayed sheet vertically/horizontally. They appear at the right/bottom of the window when the scrolling is necessary.

    1.6. Page slider: It locates at the right end of the window. Used to Move to another page. The right part of the page slider indicates the selected page section (cf. Jump Menu).

    2. The mouse can be used for the above operations (Q_V12). IntelliMouse is also supported.

    3. Keyboard can be used for operation. You can re-define functions for keys (Property Sheets->[Key], Q_O10).

    Menu Bar

    File Menu
    History, Open, reNew, Print, Save as image, Open Log File, eXit+Save, Quit
    Jump Menu
    Next page, NExt page Top, Previous page, PreVious page Bottom,
    Top page, Bottom page, Input page number,
    -50, -20, -10, -5, -2, +2, +5, +10, +20, +50 (page)
    History, Former history, Latter history, Quit history,
    Enable Hyper Jump,
    Mark Page, -> Goto mark, <-> Exchange mark, Mark Range
    Search Menu
    Find, Upward, Downward
    Display Menu
    Magnify, Reduce, Fit, Full
    Blacker, Whiter, Reverse
    View 1, View 2, View 3, View 4
    magnify, reduce, bigger, smaller
    Mouse shape
    Graphics, Color special, Color replace
    View Menu
    Tool Bar, Status Bar, Page Slider, Scroll Bar, Warning, Change Tool Buttons, Small Editor
    Option Menu
    Mode, No more dviout
    Setup Parameters, All Parameters, Non-default Parameters, Read Parameters
    Install, Uninstall
    Help Menu
    Help Topics, How to Use Help, Information, Font Info, Buffer Info, Key table, Parameters, About dviout

    File Menu

    Menu Bar
    History: Select from previously read dvi files.
    Open: Select the dvi file from the Windows file menu.
    reNew: Read the current dvi file again.
    Print: Printing
    Save as image: The page in the view is saved as a BMP file format(cf. Q_O7).

    Open Log File: The log file is opened or closed. (When in the open state, the toggle switch is checked.)
    The error information, setting states of the Parameters in the "Option Menu", and various information in the "Help Menu" can be registered.

    eXit+Save: Information, such as the dviout window size and position, loupe state, and shape of the mouse cursor, is saved and dviout ends. This information becomes the default in the next start-up.

    Quit: dviout exits without saving the above information.

    Jump Menu

    Menu Bar
    Next page: Move to the next page.
    NExt page Top: Move to the top of the next page.
    Previous page: Move to the previous page.
    PreVious page Bottom: Move to the bottom of the previous page.
    Input page number: You can input desired Page Number and move to the page.

    History: Select from the history of the pages Previewed previously and move.

    Former history: Go back one history of previewed pages.
    Latter history: Move to the newest history in the history of previewed pages.
    Quit history: Exit from the history jump above.

    Enable Hyper Jump:HyperTeX specials are enabled or disabled. When hyper jump is enabled, the item is checked.

    Mark Page: Mark the current page. If another page has already been marked, the mark moves to the current page.
    -> Goto mark: Move to the marked page.
    <-> Exchange mark: Mark the current page and move to the previously marked page.
    Mark Range: Specifies the page section from the marked page to the current page (the page section is displayed in the page slider).

    More(Relative Page Move): -50, -20, -10, -5, -2, +2, +5, +10, +20, +50

    You can assign frequently used functions to keys ([Key]).

    Search Menu

    Menu Bar
    Find: Opens the dialog box for a String Search.
    Upward: Searches for the string from the end of the displayed page (but when the previous search was in the displayed page, from that position) towards the top of the document.
    Downward: Searches for the string from the top of the displayed page (but when the previous search was in the displayed page, from that position) towards the end of the document.

    Display Menu

    Menu Bar
      Magnify: magnifies the Preview by one step.
      Reduce: reduces the preview by one step.
      Fit: displays fit in the display window size.
      Full: displays in the largest size that can be previewed by only scrolling either vertically or horizontally.

      Blacker: increases the contrast of the letters (adjusts the gray scale)
      Whiter: decreases the contrast of the letters.
      Reverse: reverses black and white.

      1, 2, 3, 4: selects the (4) view types set by [Display] of Property Sheet.

      magnify: Increase the loupe magnification.
      reduce: Decrease the loupe magnification.
      bigger: Increase the loupe size.
      smaller: Decrease the loupe size.

    Mouse shape: switches the cursor shape of the mouse (when hand shaped, you can scroll the display without using the scroll bar.)

    Graphics: enables/disables reading Graphic Files(If this is checked, the specification of -GS: is referred).
    Color special: turns ON/OFF the color of letters specified by specials
    Color replace: switches AND-operation/REPLACE for the color topcoat. White is always REPLACEed.

    View Menu

    Menu Bar
    Tool Bar: display or hide the Tool Bar
    Status Bar: display or hide the Status Bar
    Page Slider: display or hide the Page Slider
    Scroll Bar: display or hide the Scroll Bar

    Warning: display or hide the Warning messages

    Change Tool Buttons: Switch the definitions of the buttons on the right part of the tool bar to another. (You can define the function of the User button at the right end. (cf. Q_O4)

    Small Editor: Opens a small edit window. You can copy the character(s) or string(s) to/from the Windows clipboard.

    Option Menu

    Menu Bar
    Mode: changes the mode.

    No more dviout: turns ON/OFF no more dviout

    Setup Parameters: opens property sheets of Parameters.

    All Parameters: Output of Parameter Setting to a file (in a formats that can be read as dviout.par)

    Non-default Parameters: Output of the dviout parameter specifications which differ from the default to a file (in a formats that can be read as dviout.par)

    Read Parameters: specifies the parameter file (by default, dviout refers a file with the .par extension in the directory containing dviout), and reads the parameters (cf. Q_S7).

    Install: specifies the minimum parameters required for Installation.

    Uninstall: removes all the information stored in the Registry to Uninstall dviout.

    Help Menu

    Menu Bar
    Help Topics: Help for dviout
    How to Use Help: How to use the Windows Help
    Use Help in English: Check this to use English Help.

    Information: Information related to files and views
    Font Info: Font Information
    Buffer Info: Buffer Information
    Key table: Key Function Table
    Parameters: Parameter Table

    About dviout: shows the version of dviout

    Information Display

    The following information is shown from help in the
    Menu Bar or the tool button.

    You can edit the information or output to a log file or to clip board (right button of the mouse) except for the version information. You can also refer the previously shown information.

    Information related to files and views(Information)
    Font Information(Font Info)
    Buffer Information(Buffer Info)
    Key Function Table(Key Table)
    Parameter Table(Parameters)
    Output of Parameter Setting
    Version information (About dviout)

    Information related to files and views

    The following items will be shown:

    Font Information

    Help->Font Info
    Information about the font used in the preview will be displayed.

    95cmcsc10(240)*c:\tex\fonts\pk\dpi300.gth cmcsc10.pkPK
    53min8(300)c:\wintex\jfms\min8.tfm MS Mincho(30x29)WinAPI

    A: Font number written in the dvi file (usually from 1 to 255)
    B: Font name
    C: Value of the required dpi
    D: * use the substitute font for the missing font
    !  put a space for the missing font
    #  draw a black box for the missing font
    +  use the substitute font with scaling for the missing font
    t  refer the tfm file and put space for the missing font
    ^  no information available (although no substitution)
    E:Path name of the font actually used
    F:Font type (? means that the font has not been employed, so no information available with its font type.)

    Buffer Information

    Help->Buffer Info
    The following information with the buffer will be displayed.

    Bit map buffer(
    Font file buffer(-bf:)
    Expanded font buffer(-br:) The number after # denotes amount of characters appeared in the dvi file.
    HyperTeX buffer(-href: -hname: -hbuf:)
    Color BMP buffer(color image and color specials employed in the dvi file)

    Key Function Table

    Help->Key table
    Displays function commands and the key bindings to each command.

    For example,

    Next Page : PgDn, ALT+J N [JN], N, n

    denotes that you can
    Move to the next page by the four keys [Page Down], ALT+JN, N, and n.

    In this example, the [JN] is the form used when defining the key assignments in the command line or dviout.par, or when calling this function through DDE communication in "Link to Other Programs".
    As with the keys following this notation([]), you can redefine their assignment in ("Property Sheets -> [Key]").

    Parameter Table

    The table of the
    Parameters used in dviout is displayed. In that table, you will see like following:

    -gbox : draw frame for picture [OFF]

    In this example,f2 -gbox is the parameter name (used in the command line, dviout.par or "Property Sheets -> [REGISTRY].") "draw frame for picture" is the function with this parameter. This is an on/off toggle switch parameter, the [OFF] shows the current value.

    Output of Parameter Setting

    You can obtain a list of all the parameter values in .par format which dviout can refer by selecting "Option->All Parameters". By selecting "Option->Non-default Parameters", you can obtain a list for only the parameter values which differ from the default. (You can copy the list to the clip board or output to a log file.)

    Once you save the parameter list to a file, dviout can read the file by selecting "Option->Read Parameters". If the file is in the directory containing dviout.exe with the name of dviout.par, dviout can find the file when start-up and reads the parameter values.

    This parameter list output function would be useful when you want to save the current parameter values, check the parameter specifications, copy the parameters to other computers, or creat the common default
    Parameters for machines shared by many users.

    If you select Option->Setup Parameters in Menu Bar or press a tool button of "Change Settings", Property Sheets will appears. You can temporarily change values of Parameters of dviout, and also can edit the start-up value of each parameter.

    [CONTENTS], [Display], [Resolution], [Font], [Font2],
    [WinJFont], [JFont2], [Key], [Search], [HyperTeX],
    [Loupe], [Graphic], [Printer], [Paper], [System], [REGISTRY]


    Property SheetsThe value of each dviout Parameter is displayed on each sheet of the dviout property (Property Sheets). You can edit their values in each sheet.

    1. The lower part of each sheet has the [OK], [Cancel], and [Apply] buttons. By pressing [OK] or [Apply], you can apply changes in the parameter values on each sheet to current dviout session. The [Help] button provides descriptions of the parameters
    on the displayed sheet.

    2. By pressing the [Save] and [Restore] buttons on each sheet, you can save the parameter values on the sheet to the Registry on the disk and read the saved values to the sheet, respectively. Saving and reading with the Registry are carried out for current mode.

    3. You can choose parameters stored in the Registry which are automatically referred when dviout starts up. You can specify them on the [REGISTRY] sheets. (By default, all of the written Parameters in the Registry will be referred at start-up.)

    4. Some sheets have [Default] button on it. By pressing this button, you can reset the parameter values to default ones.

    5. Clicking the question mark ? in the title bar on the property sheet with left button of the mouse will add a question mark to the mouse cursor. Some items will give you help message if you click them with the cursor.

    Note 1. You can use the edit function by the right button of the mouse for string edit on each sheet. For example, you can copy a string from the Notepad or the edit box of dviout.

    Note 2. For general explanations or important parameter specifications in Installation, refer the contents page in this help.


    Property Sheets
    The values of all of the Parameters in the current property sheet are saved to the current mode of the Registry. (If there are already set values, new values will be overwritten.) The values of other sheets will not be saved by this button. Parameter values on other sheets are saved by "[Save]" button on each sheet.

    The values for [Key] and [Loupe] are saved as common values for all modes (not for the current mode only).


    Property Sheets
    Dviout reads the stored values in the current mode of the Registry for all the parameters in the current sheet. The values of the parameters on other sheets are not changed.

    If you press the [Apply] button, the parameter values on the sheet are applied to the current dviout session.


    Property Sheets
    The values of the Parameters on the current sheet are applied to the current dviout session ([Apply] function), and exit the property sheet.

    If you have changed the parameters on the other sheets, you will be asked to select from the followings for each sheet: apply the changes on that sheet (Apply), skipping (Skip), or canceling the changes (Cancel).

    If cancel is selected, the property sheet stays without exiting.


    Property Sheets
    Any changes on the property sheets are not applied to the current dviout session. You can exit from the property sheets.

    If you have pressed the [Apply] button, only the changes made after the last time the [Apply] button is pressed are canceled.


    Property Sheets
    The values of Parameter on the current sheet are applied to the current dviout session.

    If you have changed the parameters on other sheets, you will be asked to select from the followings: change on that sheet (Yes), skipping (No), or canceling previous changes (Cancel).

    If cancel is selected, the process stops on the page being displayed.

    The [Apply] button is disabled when no values of the parameters have been changed on any sheet.

    If you press the [Help] button of each sheet, you can see useful explanation for that sheet.


    Property Sheets
    The [Default] button restores the dviout default setting of Parameters. If you press [Save] or [OK] after [Default], the restored values will be applied to the current dviout session. If you press [Cancel], these values are not applied.

    current mode

    Dviout can save the
    Parameters in the Registry on the hard disk. You can have 10 sets of the parameter values in 10 separated locations. Each stored location is labeled as mode0,..., mode9.

    The current mode is a mode to which the current dviout session is referring. The actions such as [Save] or [Restore] in the property sheets applies to this mode.

    You can find the current mode number on the [CONTENTS] and the [REGISTRY] sheet in the property sheets. You can change the mode on the [REGISTRY] sheet. (The current parameters are not changed.)

    If you select a new mode for the current mode by "Option->Mode..." in the Menu Bar, dviout will read the values of the parameters defined by [Auto Load] for that mode. The current mode can be also changed by DDE communication.

    You can specify the mode at start-up on the [REGISTRY] sheet (mode0 is default). Dviout refers its parameter values automatically. This becomes the current mode at start-up. You can also use a command parameter -mode: to specify the current mode at start-up.


    Property Sheets
    On this sheet, you can specify parameters related to Preview .

    Start: specifies the initial starting and the current view (for Parameters -BMP:). 1:, 2:, 3: and 4: specifies the views (for the -scale: parameter) corresponding to Display -> View1, 2, 3 and 4.

    H-scale and V-scale specifies the reduction of the displayed size in the horizontal and the vertical direction with -dpi:.

    The "reverse" is option for reversing white and black. If this is checked, the paper color is black and the characters are displayed in white.

    "contrast" adjusts the gray scale with gamma correction. The smaller this value, the darker the characters become. For clear display view, you should adjusted this parameter suitable for your display device.

    -t: specifies how many dots in each scroll. This will change the scroll speed.

    -bright: adjusts the brightness. The default is the maximum brightness of 255.

    gamma correction

    The tone of the intensity levels of
    gray scale are adjusted.

    If black is "0" and white is "1", the intermediate intensity levels are represented by a number x between 0 and 1. If the gamma correction value is y, then x is corrected by x^y. The correction value closer to zero would result in the darker intensity level.

    gray scale

    When a monochrome image is reduced in size, employing the intermediate brightness of intensity levels (gray color) will result in a better display view.

    For example, if the size is reduced by half in both the vertical and horizontal directions, four dots are converted into one dot. In this case, the intensity of the reduced dot is changed to a gray color. The level of the gray color is determined by how many dots have black with the four dots before the reduction. In this example, the gray scale can be in levels of 0 to 4.

    Dviout can have gray scale colors of 16 intensity levels at maximum.

    H-scale and V-scale specify the size reduction in the horizontal and vertical directions for Preview.

    Start: specifies the view for initial starting. The current views of 1:, 2:, 3: and 4: correspond to the views for Display->View1, 2, 3 and 4.

    reverse Display

    The brightness of the
    Preview is reversed. Colored parts are changed to their complementary colors.

    Note that when a color image is read in and displayed, the complementary colors may be unnatural.

    Start: corresponds to initial starting. The current views of 1:, 2:, 3: and 4: correspond to the views for Display -> View1, 2, 3 and 4.


    Property Sheets
    -dpi: specifies the resolution of the employing font. When Printing, if the printer resolution does not match that of the fonts, printed result would not be proper.
    This is the most important parameter. If you need different values from the default (300 dpi), you must specify proper values. The size of Preview can be reduced by using a gray scale at a lower resolution (cf. [Display]).

    -mag: Usually, displaying and printing are based on the \magstep written in the dvi file (default). When using a different \magstep, you must specify the value for this parameter.

    -dpiv: This specifies resolution in the vertical direction in dpi. If the resolution in the horizontal and the vertical directions are the same, you do not have to care of this. Only when they differ, check this option and specify the value.

    -e: This specifies the magnification or reduction in the vertical and horizontal direction. A variable-sized font such as a Windows TrueType font is magnified or reduced according to this value. The vertical and horizontal sizes are magnified/reduced by 1000 x the specified value.

    -varf: When the size was changed by -e:, the scale a fixed-size fonts is changed by dviout to the correct size. In this case, dviout will perform some smoothing for these fonts, but the display quality may become poor.

    The number of dots per inch represents the resolution.


    Property Sheets
    The important specifications of fonts are made on this sheet.

    By pressing [Save], the specifications are saved in the Registry. By pressing [Apply], the specifications are applied to the current session. If you want the stored values in the Registry as the defaults at start-up, you should check all of the corresponding options on the [REGISTRY] sheet by
    pressing [Auto Load] and Save on the [REGISTRY] sheet.

    -TEXROOT: this specifies the string that is substituted for the ^r string in specifications of -TEXPK: and -TEXFONTS:.

    -TEXPK: This is the most important parameter in dviout. This parameter specifies the locations of European language PK fonts, European Language TrueType Fonts, Japanese JX4 format fonts, and the Japanese jfm files. You must specify this parameter to run dviout.

    Warning: Do not specify the European language tfm file for this parameter except for the tfm file of the TrueType Font to be used.
    In particular, do not have European language tfm files in the same directory as the Japanese language jfm files. If you have these in the same directory, make another new directory and move all the jfm files to that directory. Then specify that directory in -TEXPK:.

    You should refer to the "Examples of TEXPK Settings". If the function for guessing for the font location by [Guess] is used, the -TEXROOT:, -TEXPK:, and -L: (and -F: is some case) can be specified almost automatically.

    -TEXFONTS: This specifies the directory name containing the tfm files. If you want replace by space characters in correct size for missing PK fonts when you have only the tfm files, you should specify this paramter.

    If you want to replace by space characters for Japanese fonts also, you should specify the location of the jfm file for this parameter.


    -F: specification determines how to substitute for each missing font when dviout cannot find the font in -TEXPK: directories (Handling Missing Fonts).

    -FB:(substitution)This is used with -F: and specifies how to substitute for the missing fonts.

    The missing font is replaced by one specified by -F:.

    adjust size
    The missing font is replaced by one specified by -F: as above. If the dpi of the replaced font is different from that of the missing one, the size is adjusted. If the substituted font is the same font type but has a different dpi, the size would be correct.

    The missing font is replace by space characters. The size of the space is calculated from metric information of the font specified by -F:. If the substitute is the same font type but has a different dpi, the replaced space becomes the correct size.

    black box
    The missing font is replaced by a black box. The size of the box is calculated from the metric information of the font specified by -F:.

    When -F: is specified to font metric file (tfm file or jfm file), the missing font is always replaced by spaces even if -FB: is specified (if black box is specified, black box is substituted).

    adjust size
    This shows that only fonts of a 300 dpi resolution are used and the size is enlarged and reduced when necessary.

    -L:(cut longname)The method for truncating a font name longer than 8 characters is specified (cf. Q_F4: for lcircle10).
    no partNo truncation (lcircle10)
    last partTruncate end (lcircle1)
    middle partCut middle (lcirle10)

    Font Check: By selecting the font in the combo box on the lower right and pressing the [Check] button, you can check whether the -TEXROOT: and -TEXPK: settings are correct or not.

    Handling Missing Fonts

    If the missing fonts do not exist in your hard disk, the best way is to create the fonts by METAFONT (cf.
    Automatic Font Generation). However, dviout can work without the missing fonts. Typical methods for handling missing fonts are described below.

    1. Replacing missing characters with blanks.
    In the following example, a correct sized blank will be replaced for missing fonts when the font specified by -dpi: (default, 300 dpi) or the Font Metric File exists. If these do not exist, the size of substitution would not be correct.


    In addition, you should specify the directory of font metric files by -TEXFONTS:.

    Note: When "-FB: black box" is set, the missing characters are replaced by black boxes.

    Note: In the above, ! denotes the resolution specified by -dpi:. You can explicitly specify the resolution, also.

    2. Replacing with a font which resembles closely with the missing one.
    In the following example, the missing fonts are replaced by magnifying or reducing the font size, if a font with the resolution specified by -dpi: exists. If the font does not exist, a cmr10 font with the same resolution as the searched one is substituted. If that font does not exist either, the cmr10 font with the resolution
    specified by -dpi: is scaled and used.

    adjust size

    3. Specify how to handle individiualy for each font.
    See the -F: and -FB: items ([Font]).

    Font Glyph File

    The font glyph files store the bitmapped data for each character.

    Dviout can handle the following formats of the European language font glyph files: PK, PXL1001, PXL1002, and PXL1003 (except GF). Since these format files contain metric information of correct space size to each next character, dviout does not need the European language
    Font Metric Files for these fonts.

    Among the formats above, the PK font file is widely used. The each PK font has a file name like cmr10.300pk. Here cmr10 denotes the font name and 300 denotes the resolution (dpi). (In MS-DOS, because of the restrictions on the length of a file name, PK files with file name like
    are put in a subdirectory named 300.)

    The other possibility is to employ European Language TrueType Fonts. If TrueType fonts are used for usual TeX fonts such as CM fonts, their quality and compatibility should be noted because there exist several kinds of them.

    For pTeX (developed by ASCII Corp.) Japanese fonts, dviout can use the standard JXL4 font, TrueType Japanese font in MS Windows, or proprietary bitmapped files. When Japanese fonts other than the JXL4 font are used, the Japanese font metric files (jfm files) are required.

    Font Metric File

    This file contains information about character placement, such as information about the size of each character and the standard space size to each next character.

    The file does not have character bitmap data, so has no dependence on the resolution (

    This file is called the tfm file for European language and the jfm file for the ASCII pTeX Japanese font. The file extension is tfm for both.

    tfm file

    Font Metric Files for European languages contain information about the character placement and size. For example, the cmr10.tfm and `lcircle10.tfm files.

    Since each European language PK font has information on the position and size of each character, dviout does not usually need the tfm file. However, when you want to use European language TrueType fonts, you should specify the location of tfm files by -TEXPK:.

    But do not specify European language tfm files in -TEXPK: if they are not defined in [WinJFont] to use TrueType fonts.

    Note that the Japanese jfm files (min10.tfm, goth10.tfm) used in ASCII pTeX have also the tfm extension. (These jfm files must be specified by -TEXPK:.)

    jfm file

    This is the Japanese
    Font Metric File used by ASCII pTeX.

    min10.tfm and goth10.tfm are the jfm files for horizontal writing, and tmin10.tfm and tgoth10.tfm are the jfm files for vertical writing. If you want to use Windows 95 TrueType fonts for these fonts, you must specify the location of these jfm files by -TEXPK: (Property Sheets->[Font]).

    FLI Font Library

    Dviout can handle emTeX FLI format font libraries.

    The FLI format font libraries have names like j_0.fli, lj_h.fli,..., lj_5b.fli, and lj_sli.fli.

    The variable part in
    -TEXPK: is represented by ^f. A string replaced by ^f is specified in the list in -TEXFLI:.

    For example, when the above font library file is in the directory named c:\font, the following is specified.

    c:\font\lj_^f.fli^g^s;...(other search paths)

    Since only a font specification containing ^f is regarded as a FLI format library, always set with only one ^f.

    The -L: option sets 2 (font name is not truncated). Do not omit the font name.

    European Language TrueType Font

    By specifying the
    tfm files of European language TrueType font (ttf extension) by -TEXPK: and the correspondence in Property Sheets->[WinJFont], you can use European language TrueType fonts such as CM-TrueType Font.

    For a common setting, set edefault for jfm/tfm files in [WinJFont] and any font for a TrueType font in [WinJFont]. In this case, the name of TrueType font is assumed to be same as the corresponding TeX font.

    Note that -TEXPK: should not match any tfm file of non-Japanese fonts which is not defined in [WinJFont].

    There are several TeX TrueType fonts. However, they are not compatible to each other. You can select code type in [WinJFont] for the translation between codes but you can also use Virtual fonts.
    You can use European Language TrueType font in another way as in the following but it is not recommended because some characters may be incorrect or poor.

    Directly specify the European language TrueType font (ttf extension) by -TEXPK: and their tfm files by -TEXFONTS:.

    When dviout use European language TrueType fonts, dviout searches the corresponding tfm file in directories specified on -TEXFONTS: or the TEXFONTS environment variable for obtaining the character width information.

    If dviout cannot find required tfm files, dviout shows a warning and dviout creates a preview display only by the metric information included in the TrueType fonts. In this case, the character positions would not be proper because the metric information in the TrueType font is not sufficient for dviout.

    -ttf: controls enabling and disabling the use of European language TrueType fonts.


    1 inch = 25.4 mm

    GTH Font Library

    The many PK fonts can be collected into one file as the font library. These font libraries have been used in the former MS-DOS version of dviout/dviprt. Usually, the file extension is gth.

    For example, the 300
    dpi PK font named might be placed in the GTH file named c:\tex\fonts\pk300.gth. Then this can be specified by -TEXPK: as follows.


    However, .gth can be omitted in the above specification since it is automatically added by default.

    Other font specifications can be used by using a semicolon ; as the delimiter. The font found first is used when searching from the beginning.

    FAR Font Library

    This library format is used by Japanese MicroTeX developed by ASCII Corp. The library contains PK and PXL font files. The file extension of is "far".

    Font Check

    You can check settings the
    -TEXROOT: and -TEXPK:. (Property Sheets\F8->[Font]).

    You can find the font list of cmr10, line10, lcircle10, msam10, eufm10, min10 and tmin10 in the combo box. If you select one of these (or you can input the font name), dviout will check the specification.
    You can specify the resolution(dpi) of the font in the checking. If you press the check button without selecting a font, dviout will check whether the tfm file of a European language font is mistakenly specified in -TEXPK:.

    In preview of dvi file, if your specification in -TEXPK: is not proper, dviout will shows an error message such as "Font not found". In such a case, this font check would be helpful.


    Computer Modern Font Roman 10 point
    This font is most popular in TeX and widely uesd.


    This is used to draw slanted lines in a LaTeX font.


    This supplemental font provides the standard symbols used in AMSTeX and AMSLaTeX.


    This is a LaTeX font. It is used to draw curves, such as circles.
    The font name of this exceeds eight characters, so be careful about the
    -L: setting.


    Euler Fraktur Medium 10 point
    This is the Fraktur font (German characters) used in AMSTeX and AMSLaTeX.


    This Japanese font is the 10-point Mincho for horizontal writing in ASCII pTeX (most frequently used Japanese font).


    This Japanese font is the 10-point Mincho for vertical writing in ASCII pTeX (most frequently used Japanese font for vertical writing).

    -F: specification

    This specification has the format of <ss>.<ds>=<so>.<do>. When ^s matches <so> and ^d matches <do>, they are substituted to <ss> and <ds>, respectively. Dviout will search again in the directories of
    -TEXPK:. You can specify more than one substitution by delimiter of semicolons ;. Until found, dviout will keep searching
    the substitution font from the beginning of the -F: specification.

    The font names are specified in <ss> and <so>. The resolutions (dpi) are specified in <ds> and <do>. The following strings have special meanings:

    <so>=space Matches all of the font names
    <do>=space Matches all of the resolutions
    <ss>=space Represents the original font name (^s)
    <ds>=space Represents the original resolution (^d)
    <ds>=! Represents the default resolution
    <ds>=t Represents the Font Metric File with the extension changed to tfm. In this case, dviout will search the font metric file from -TEXFONTS:, not -TEXPK:.

    is replaced by cmr10(^d keeps its original value)

    Dviout searches the font metric file corresponding to the original font in the directory specified by -TEXFONTS: (simply, this is identical even for .t).

    In this case, ^s might be cmcsc10, ^d might be 320, and the default resolution might be 300. Then, substitution for (cmcsc10, 320) will be done by searching successively (cmcsc10, 300), (cmr10, 320), and (cmr10.300).
    In this example, only the last part can be omitted. For this case, dviout interpret "=." before cmr10.!. (cf. Handling Missing Fonts)

    If the [Guess] button is pressed on the [Font] property sheet, dviout will guess -TEXROOT: and -TEXPK: and set the parameter in the Property Sheet automatically. However, this is only a guessing, so you might have to correct the setting in some case. By pressing the [OK], [Apply]
    , and [Save] buttons, the guessed parameter settings can be applied.

    Dviout can guess the location of only European language PK fonts, Japanese jx14 fonts, Japanese jfm files, and GTH Font Library. If the font does not exist, guessing is not possible. Network drives are ignored.

    The resolution (cf. -dpi:) must be correctly specified.

    If dviout find the searched font in more than on one directory, dviout will ask you which one you want to use.

    For details, refer to "[Guess] Specifications".

    [Guess] Specifications

    The guesses about the font locations for setting
    -TEXPK: and -TEXROOT: are done as follows:

    1. Guessing is based on the four information: the name of the disk drive or directory (paths from the root directory to the relevant directories) that should be searched, the name of European language font, the name of Japanese font, and the resolution. Defaults for them are given in below. (If you want to change the defaults, see the end.)

    - All of the unremovable root drives (for example, C:, D:, etc.)

    - cmr10, lcircle10, dcr10, ecr10, msam10, eufm10

    - min10, tmin10

    - Specified value of -dpi:

    2. For the search of European language fonts, dviout will search the fonts of the given resolution and 1.2 times of that resolution in the target directory and all of its subdirectories.
    For example, in the case when the resolution is 300 dpi for cmr10, dviout searches, cmr10.300pk, and cmr10.360pk. If the font name is, the string of 300 or 360 (the preceding and following characters are not numbers) must be included in the path name.

    For lcircle10 and lcirclew10, dviout will also search the fonts named lcircle1, lcirle10, lcirclew and lcirew10.

    3. The search for Japanese fonts is for the corresponding JXL4 font and jfm file.
    For 300 dpi in min10, min10.pxl (path name must include 1500 or 1800), min10.1500pxl, min10.1800pxl, and min10.tfm are searched for.

    Note: If fonts with the same resolution are found in two locations, since either one can be used, a dialog is displayed and the user decides. But when both the JXL4 font and the jfm file were found as Japanese font files, the former has precedence.

    4. A file with the gth extension and including the number representing the resolution in the file name is registered as a file in the GTH Font Library.

    5. The entire font name portion of the path of the found font is replaced by ^s.

    6. The search paths are compared from the beginning for the fonts (except for the GTH and jfm files) found with both the given resolution and 1.2 times that resolution. If the different part corresponds to the string representing the resolution and matches the preceding part, that string is replaced by ^d (^l for a jx14 font).
    This is repeated as much as possible. For example,




    7. The resolution string is replaced by ^d (or ^l) for the path of the European language font converted once in 6 above or the path of the Japanese JXL4 font.
    However, if resolution strings at two or more locations are included in the path name, only the last matching part is replaced.

    For example, if C:\tex\pk300\cmr10.300pk was searched for and a 360 dpi cmr10 font was found, C:\tex\pk300\^s.^dpk results.

    In this step, since the font name has already been replaced by ^s, the processing is normal even if the part matching the resolution string is included in the font name.

    8. If the above process is performed and the same path name arises, the duplicate is deleted.

    9. Examine the searched path name for the given resolution of the first European language font. The first part is compared to the first parts of all of the other searched path names. If there are common parts up to some position, whether a minimum results for the sum of the lengths of the strings defined in -TEXROOT: and -TEXPK: is examined to
    determine common part setting.That common part is set in -TEXROOT:. The path name including this at the beginning replaces that part by ^r.

    10. Next, again examine whether the file (file where ^d replaces the string for the resolution) that matches *.^dpk is in a directory under the directory that should be searched.
    If the directory exists, ^s.^dpk is appended to the directory name. If possible, this is replaced by ^r in the first part.
    As a result, if something other than what was obtained in 9 was found, the path name of the searched font file is displayed. The user's decision on whether the part replaced above is also included in the search path is prompted for in the dialog. If not included, the next directory is searched.
    In this case, ^d is replaced in two or more places in 6. If the directories reached have the same path names, the comparison is performed correctly and duplication is avoided.

    11. The path names obtained in 9 and 10 are set successively in -TEXPK:. Furthermore, if there is a path name for the GTH file, that is also set.

    12. If lcircle1(or lcirclew) is found, -F: is set to
    However, if lcirle10(or lcirew10) is found, -F: is set to
    If both are found, the matches are set.
    If the GTH file is set to -TEXPK:, both are regards as having been found.

    13. If the jfm file is set in -TEXPK: (file name of ^s.tfm), the suitability of the corresponding European language tfm file is checked. -L: is set so that a long font name is used unmodified.

    Note: The part other than the resolution of the default used in the guess can be specified as follows by the dviout.gss file in the directory containing dviout.exe. (If this does not exist, the default is used.)

    Three settings are written in order. Multiple settings are delimited by semicolons ; .
    Although each item can be omitted, if the European language font specification is omitted, later Japanese font specifications must be omitted. (If omitted, the default is used.)
    A line beginning with a pound sign # is ignored.

    For example,

    #pk fonts
    #jxl4/jfm fonts





    Note that the first European language font has a special meaning (cf. 9).

    Note: A font with a name of eight or more characters in MS-DOS is truncated to an 8-character file name. Since long file names can be used in Windows 95 and NT, these operating systems are preferred.
    Therefore, -F: is used by the guessing function, and only the frequently used lcircle10 and lcirclew10 LaTeX fonts are supported. The -L: setting is the default.


    Property Sheets
    -gen:If dviout cannot find the missing font or the substitute font (specified in -F:), METAFONT will start, and create the missing font, store them to the disk, and dviout will use them. A template file describing how to create the fonts can be specified by -gen: parameter. If not specified, Automatic Font Generation
    would not work.

    -TEXPKD: When the index file of PK fonts is created and specified in -TEXPK: instead of the PK font files themselves, the directories from the root indicating the locations of actual PK fonts are specified by -TEXPKD:.
    This parameter has been used in the former MS-DOS version when large PK fonts or many fonts are employed (for example, NTTjTeX), .

    -TEXFLI: When the emTeX FLI font library is used, this parameter is employed. If the variable part of the font library name is represented by ^f in -TEXPK:, the actual font names for ^f is listed in -TEXFLI:.

    -A: Specifies the range for the resolution of fonts which dviout searches for.

    -ttf: This parameter switches enabling or disabling the use of the European Language TrueType Fonts or specifies that the European Language TrueType Fonts are not used if the font is smaller that the given size.
    To validitate the change of this parameter for all fonts, push [Flush]. Otherwise this is applied only to new fonts that have never been used by dviout.

    -c: Usually, when the dvi file is created, the checksum id of the tfm file of the dvi file is registered in the dvi file. When this parameter box is checked, dviout will check whether the id matches the id of the employed PK font in dviout.

    -virtual: This parameter switches enabling or disabling the use of Virtual Fonts.

    -Fkeep: If this parameter box is checked, dviout registers the location of the font used frequently. This would make the start up of dviout faster.

    [Flush]: This clears the register of the font location stored by -Fkeep:.

    Automatic Font Generation

    If you want to employ Automatic Font Generation Function, you must specify the font creation procedure in a file of
    Template for Font Creation. The template file must be specified -gen:. According to the template file, dviout creates the batch file and executes it. The batch file contains information on such as the required font names and sizes.

    Of course, first of all, you should check that Metafont is already installed and works properly (cf. Q_F6).

    If METAFONT sources for missing fonts are not found or the specified parameters are not proper, some fonts would not be created automatically. Even so, dviout create a batch file which describe necessary routines. Executing this batch file by manual, you can create missing fonts.

    The dviout package has a sample of the template file named "template". You should refer this file. The format of this file is following:

    If you use only one line at %2nd, you can write this line in -gen: directly instead of the template file. In this case, add an apostrophe ` at the beginning of the specification line.

    A line which starts with # is a comment line, and this line is not output to the batch file. However, there is only one exception. If the second character is an exclamation point !, the line is output unchanged.

    # This statement is not output.
    #! This line is output..

    The template file has four sections. Each section is delimited by the three lines beginning with the % character


    The section before the line of %1st, some special parameters is specified. You can specify four parameters in this section.

    auto=no : This disables the automatic font generation which is done by a child process. Only the batch file with the name specified in gen_font is generated.

    extra_size=300 : In addition to the missing font(s) in required resolution, you may want to create that font(s) with different resolution. In that case, you can specify the resolution in dpi for that fonts. The value of this parameter is also referred in the ^e calculation.

    gen_tmp= : This specifies the name of the batch file used in a child process. The file name must be a full path name. The default is gen_tmp.bat in the directory indicated by the TMP or TEMP environment variables (Current Directory if it does exists).

    gen_font= : This specifies the name of the batch file for creating a font when the child process is not successful. The file name must be a full path name. The default is gen_font.bat.

    mode_name= : This specifies the relation between the dpi value and the METAFONT mode name. The format is

    mode_name=<d\b0 pi value>:<mode name>

    For example, "mode_name=300:CanonCX" denotes that the mode CanonCX is employed when font generation for 300 dpi.
    You can specify this mode_name line repeatedly in the template file. However put these lines after the "extra_size=" line.

    In the second part, between %1st and %2nd, preprocessing commands for batch file such as echo off are specified. Postprocessing commands such as error processing are specified in the fourth part, after %3rd.

    In the third part, between %2nd and %3rd, the actual routine for font creation is specified. You can use the notation in the form "^ + lowercase letters (for example, ^s)" to specify command information for font generation. In execution of the font generation process, following strings in the command are interpreted (replaced) as
    the name of a missing (required) font.
    the magnification of the missing font.
    the size (dpi x magnification) of the font.
    the dpi of the font.
    the mode name for the dpi.
    the mode name for dpi set by "extra_size=."
    (dpi x magnification) specified in the first section of the template file.
    When some fonts are missing in a dviout session, you may also want to create the font in different resolution from required one. In this case, for example, specify the dpi as "extra_size=360" in the first section of the template file.

    If you want to output a string containing the caret ^ to a batch file, use two carets ^^. For example, ^^s will result in a string ^s in a batch file.

    Here is some examples of the Template for Font Creation.

    Template for Font Creation

    Example 1 : Example using mktexpk or MakeTeXPK of kpathsea

    mktexpk ^s ^d ^D ^d/^D

    For this purpose, mktexpk must be on your path.
    According to a version of mktexpk, the above line containing mktexpk should be
    mktexpk --dpi ^d --bdpi ^D --mag ^d/^D ^s

    The above mktexpk should be replaced MaKeTeXPK if MaKeTeXPK is used.
    In this example, the mode name is referred to "MAKETEXPK_MODE_..." defined in texmf.cnf.
    If you want define a mode name explicitly, see Example 2. Note that the line after %2nd must be
    mktexpk ^s ^d ^D ^d/^D ^n
    mktexpk --dpi ^d --bdpi ^D --maf ^d/^D --mfmode ^n ^s
    or specify the mode name instead of ^n (cf. the attached utility\template.kp0 and utility\template.kps)
    If the font creation command is written in one line at %2nd, you can directly specify them in
    -gen:, for example,

    `c:\usr\local\bin\mktexpk ^s ^d ^D ^d/^D CanonCX

    with ` at the beginning.

    Example 2

    echo off
    virmf &cmplain \mode:=^n; mag:=^m; input ^s
    gftopk ^s.^dgf ^
    echo Done!

    If the font "cmr10 scaled 5000" is not found, gen_tmp.bat with the following contents is created and executed in the child process.

    echo off
    virmf &cmplain \mode:=bitgraph; mag:=5.000000; input cmr10
    gftopk cmr10.590gf
    echo Done!

    If the child process failed to create the font "cmr10 scaled 5000", gen_font.bat with the following contents is created.

    echo off
    virmf &cmplain \mode:=bitgraph; mag:=5.000000; input cmr10
    gftopk cmr10.590gf
    echo Done!


    This deletes the records of locations of frequently used fonts. These records would make start-up of dviout faster (cf.

    Note: These font records are also deleted when the -TEXPK: or -TEXROOT: parameters are changed, when the record format version is different, or when font files are moved. Probably you do not have to use this [Flush] button so often but when the setting of European Language TrueType Fonts is changed, it is recommended to push this button.

    Virtual font

    Virtual fonts are imaginary fonts to use various format of fonts in TeX such including PS fonts. Usually a dviware replaces the virtual font by an actual font according to the information in the virtual font file (with the extension vf).

    To use virtual font in dviout, set
    -virtual: (Property Sheets->[Font2]) ON and indicate the place of VF files (^s.vf) and the fonts referred by the VF file.

    The fonts referred by VF file are shown with an indent by Font Information(Help->Font Info).
    These fonts can be made by Automatic Font Generation (-gen:). If PSNFSS(the package to use PS fonts in LaTeX) is used, it is convenient to define a mktex command corresponding to gsftopk in -gen:.


    Property Sheets
    This sheet specifies the parameters for use of Windows TrueType fonts as the TeX fonts whose tfm/jfm files are searched by -TEXPK:

    First, specify the font name used by TeX jfm/tfm file. Next, select the TeX font for the jfm/tfm file which you have selected. Then, press [Define] to register.

    TrueType Font List : Available fonts are listed in the combo box (256 sets at maximum).

    [Add Font] By pressing this button, a TrueType font can be selected and it is added to the list of the available fonts.

    [Change Font] By pressing this button, a font displayed in the combo box of TrueType fonts can be exchanged to another one.

    H scale : Size in the horizontal direction of the TrueType font (default is 1000)

    V scale : Size in the vertical direction of the TrueType font (default is 1000)

    jfm/tfm : font names used in TeX. Japanese fonts are indicated (min, tmin, goth, tgoth, etc.) without numbers. You can add a font by direct inputting the name and pressing [Define].
    If there is a setting with the name of default, this is used when an undefined Japanese font appears for horizontal writing (with a warning message). For vertical writing, the setting named tdefault is employed.
    The setting named edefault is used for European Language TrueType Fonts. This setting means that if a font in TeX matches a tfm file in -TEXPK: and if the font is not defined in [WinJFont], then the European Language TrueType Font with the same name is used. The corresponding TrueType font defined to edefault is a dummy.

    Flat Type/Long Type, Slanted Type, Orientation: These settings are made for each selected TeX font. The orientation sets either a font for horizontal writing or a font for vertical writing.

    H position: The position in the horizontal direction of the selected TeX font is adjusted. (1000 is the horizontal size of about one character.)

    V position: The position in the vertical direction of the selected TeX font is adjusted. (1000 is the vertical size of about one character.)

    code type: This selects the translation between character codes in TeX and European Language TrueType Fonts.

    [Define] This assigns a TrueType font displayed in the combo box for a TeX (jfm/tfm) font displayed at the bottom left of the sheet.

    [Remove] This removes the TeX (jfm/tfm) font which is displayed at the bottom left of the sheet from the registration (when the displayed TrueType font corresponds to this). If there were no TeX Japanese (jfm) font corresponding to the TrueType font displayed in the comb box, that TrueType font will be removed from the list. If you press this button, dviout will ask you confirmation, then
    you will see which font will be removed.

    Note: You can specify only one value to H scale: or V scale: for each TrueType font in the list. If you want to specify and use a font with different size adjustments for the same TrueType font, add the font to the list as a new one by pressing [Add Font] and specify another value(s) to H scale: or V scale: .

    Note: If you want the specifications made on this sheet as default at start-up, press the [Save] button.
    If dviout reads -vfn: parameter at start-up, this will work. If not, change -vfn: to "Auto Load" item on the [REGISTRY] sheet. (Press "Auto Load", then "+" will be added to -vfn:. Then press [Save].)

    This is a list of the TrueType fonts supported by Windows. You can change or add by pressing [Change Font] or [Add Font]. Up to 256 can be specified.

    The size in the horizontal direction of the displayed TrueType selected from the list is adjusted. The default is 1000.
    When a font with a different value is used in the same TrueType font,
    [Add Font] prepares the fonts in multiple lists.

    The size in the vertical direction of the displayed TrueType selected from the list is adjusted. The default is 1000.
    When a font with a different value is used in the same TrueType font,
    [Add Font] prepares the font in multiple lists.

    The (one) mapping between the font used in TeX and the Windows TrueType used with it is defined for display.

    If the displayed TeX font (jfm/tfm) is mapped to the displayed Windows TrueType font, this mapping is deleted and the displayed TeX font is removed from the list by [Remove].

    If the displayed TrueType font is not mapped to any TeX font (jfm/tfm), the font is removed from the list by [Remove].

    In either of the above cases, the font to be removed is displayed and a prompt asks whether to remove it from the list. If neither of the above happens, the mapping is not changed, but the display changes to the mapped font.

    [Change Font] displays the dialog for selecting TrueType fonts supported by Windows. Check Japanese TT to indicate Japanese fonts.
    A TrueType font displayed on the sheet can be replaced by the selected font.

    [Add Font] displays the dialog for selecting TrueType fonts supported by Windows. Check Japanese TT to indicate Japanese fonts.
    The selected font can be added at the end of the TrueType list on the sheet. The maximal number of fonts in the list is 256.

    This is a list of the font names used in TeX. However, the name is Japanese font name without the numbers at the end. For example, min corresponds to min10, min8, etc.

    By typing in a new font and pressing the [Define] key, the font can be added and the TrueType font used with it can be defined.

    When selected from the list, the mapping defined for it and the settings are displayed.

    When the name of default is set and an undefined Japanese font for horizontal writing appears, its settings are used. For vertical writing, the name of tdefault is set.

    The edefault is for undefined European Language TrueType Fonts and the TrueType fonts with the same name as in dvi file will be used by this setting.

    The flat type/long type font is defined for the TeX font.
    The flat type is defined by a reduction in the vertical length. The long type is defined by an expansion in the vertical length.

    A slanted font is defined for the TeX font.

    The orientation of the TeX font is defined. Usually, it is either horizontal or vertical. (When displayed by [Change Font], a character is rotated by 90 degrees and the top of the character is on the left.)

    The position in the horizontal direction is corrected for a Tex font. The width of one character is about 1000. The default is zero, and the character is offset to the right by a positive value. When a slanted type is used, correction is probably needed.

    The position in the vertical direction is corrected for a TeX font. The width of one character is about 1000. The default is zero, and the character is offset to the right by a positive value. When a slanted type is used, correction is probably needed.

    Check this to Add/Change Japanese fonts.

    code type

    This defines code the translation between character codes of TeX fonts and those of European Language TrueType Fonts.

    Bakoma: This fits most TrueType fonts and translates the codes of chracters in TeX as follows:

    0x00 - 0x09 -> 0xa1 - 0xaa
    0x0a - 0x20 -> 0xad - 0xc3
    0x7f -> 0xc4

    WinTeX: This fits TrueType fonts used by Impress's WinTeX

    direct: No translation is used. One can use
    Virtual fonts to define arbitrary code translation.


    Property Sheets
    On this sheet, settings for Japanese fonts are specified. These specification is not limited to Windows TrueType Japanese fonts.

    -TEXKNJ: Specifies the bitmapped Japanese font file with a fixed size (a special format only for dviout).

    -JC: This specifies conversions of character codes in the Japanese font.

    -vfn: This specifies the configuration file (default file name of dviout.vfn) for Windows TrueType fonts or "Sho-tai Club" fonts. This must be in the full path name. You can not employ this parameter with [WinJFont]. Specify only when using a font of the "Sho-tai Club" font format, not Windows TrueType Japanese fonts.

    -S: This adjusts the character size of a Japanese font for pTeX (developed by ASCII Corp.). This affects all the the Japanese fonts. The adjustments for [WinJFont] can be used at the same time.

    -J: This adjusts the base line position of the Japanese font for pTeX.

    By -ntt specification, the Japanese font in NTTjTeX can be replaced by Japanese fonts for pTeX. For example, you can use Windows TrueType Japanese fonts for NTTjTeX.

    -nttF: In NTTjTeX, you can add new Japanese fonts by \jfont command. You can use pTeX Japanese fonts for these new fonts. This -nttF parameter specifies which pTeX font is used for the new font in NTTjTeX.

    -g: Check when you want to use Japanese fonts for vertical writing for Japanese fonts for horizontal writing.

    -ntt specification

    By specifying
    -ntt:, you can employ pTeX Japanese fonts for dvi files typeset by NTT JTeX (Property Sheets->[JFont2]).

    As usual setting of font location in pTeX, put jfm files in a separate directory from that of the European language tfm files. The location of jfm files is specified by ^s.tfm in -TEXPK:.

    Be careful when using the -L: specification, because font names in NTT JTeX and ezjTeX exceed eight characters (they should not be truncated or only the middle of the font name can be cut out.)

    In NTT JTeX, file names such as dmj* are used for Mincho and dgj* for Gothic. In JaWaTeX, file names such as mj* are used for Mincho and bj* for Gothic.

    If "-ntt:" option is "on", for example, dviout substitutes min10 font of pTeX for dmj* or mj*, and goth10 font of pTeX for dgj* or bj*. Then dviout referes
    -TEXPK: and -TEXKNJ: and determines employing Japanese fonts, in the same manner as for pTeX dvi files.

    Therefore, even if you do not have dmj* or mj* fonts, you can use JXL4 fonts or Windows 95 TrueType Japanese fonts, as for pTeX dvi files.

    If you add new fonts by \jfont command in NTT JTeX, substitution for these new fonts are specified in -nttF:.

    Dviout can handle fixed-size bitmapped Japanese fonts in the following three special formats by specifying -TEXKNJ:.

    1. The bitmapped data of a Japanese font with the same vertical and horizontal sizes are arranged in order by JIS code.

    2. The bitmapped data of a Japanese font with the same size arranged in order by JIS code compressed by knjtopk.exe (PK Japanese font). You can select from two compression formats.

    3. A font in which only the bitmapped data of a Japanese font with a fixed size for several codes are collected (KG Japanese font). This can be used for special additional characters.

    For more details about the Bitmapped Japanese Font Formats, see the manual for the MS-DOS version of dviout.

    Bitmapped Japanese Font Formats

    The format for a fixed-size, uncompressed Japanese bitmapped font has the following simple structure.

    The size of one character in a Japanese font is n x n (dot units). m is the largest integer that does not exceed (n + 7)/8. The data for one character has the usual format of m x n bytes arranged from the high-order column of the character's bitmap, advancing from left to right with m bytes in each column in order to the bottom row.

    If the number of dots in the horizontal width is not divisible by 8, zeros are inserted in the remaining low-order bits in the last byte in each row. The high-order bits are on the left side.

    These are arranged in the font file in the JIS code order. If the data for the J character becomes J = (H, L) (H is the high-order byte, and L is the low-order byte), the JIS codes must begin after

    ((H-33)x94 + L - 33) x m x n

    bytes were skipped from the beginning of the file.

    2. The above Japanese font (or different vertical and horizontal sizes similar to above) can be handled as a font file compressed by the unique knjtopk.exe function in the dviout.

    This becomes

    knjtopk c:\font\jfont\kanji.24 temp.24 24 24 H

    c:\font\jfont\kanji.24 is an original font, and tmp.24 is the compressed font. The first 24 in the two numerical parameters is the number of horizontal dots. The last 24 is the number of vertical dots.

    The standard compression of the PK font or the expansion and compression used by the JXL4 font compress by using the same method. The last parameter H above sets this expansion and compression.

    3. The KG Japanese font format is suited for registering and handling a small number of characters. The character bitmapped data is stored without being compressed. Similar to the compressed Japanese font described above, the beginning of the file becomes

    0, 0, 247, id[1], width[2], height[2], byte_width[2], dummy[22]

    where id becomes "G" to distinguish this font from fonts with other formats. "dummy" is not used and is set to zero. The following characters are the JIS codes of the inserted characters.

    total[2], code[total][2]

    where "total" is the number of included characters, "code[0],..., code[total-1]" are the JIS codes in the recorded order (same two-byte integer as width[2]). Following this and without any gap, the uncompressed character data (in the format described in 1) are arranged until the end.

    The data size of one character is (width + 7)/8 x height. Since the JIS code is placed in the Jth position when code[n-1] is equal to J, data is present from the location of (width + 7)/8 x height x j + 2 x code + 34 bytes from the beginning.


    Property Sheets
    Various functions can be bound to keys. The keys that you can bind are:

    Normal keys (ASCII codes 0x21 - 0x7f)
    CTRL + letter(ASCII codes 0x00 - 0x1f)
    Functions keys(Fn1 - Fn12)
    SHIFT + Function keys(SFn1 - SFn12)
    User button on the right side of the option tool bar(Button)

    You cannot bind to 0x20 (Space) or 0x08 (CTRL + H).

    [Define] If you select a function (Function:) and a key (Key:) and press [Define] key, that function (if another function has already been assigned, it is canceled) will be bound to that key. You can bind one function to more than one key.

    [Clear] The function assigned to the selected key is cleared.

    [Search] This checks and shows the key binding for the function in the combo box on the left side.

    [All Clear] All of the key bindings to functions are cleared.

    [Save] This saves key bindings to functions in the property sheet to the Registry. The saved bindings are common for every mode, not local for the current mode. You can specify whether to load the saved key bindings at each start-up by [REGISTRY] for each mode independently.

    [Restore] The key bindings to functions saved in the Registry are loaded to the property sheet.


    Property Sheets
    This configuration relates to String Searches.
    It can specify how to display the string that was found.

    The "normal mode" and "reverse mode" specify whether the Preview is a reverse screen. Specify the normal screen. (Since the previous mode is entered, changing is not normally needed.) When set to reverse, the colors become their complementary colors.

    When using both coloring by search strings and another HyperTeX, "merging" and "replacing" specify whether to mix or replace the colors for the strings specified.

    Color: One of "character" (changing color of characters), "box
    fill"(coloring background) or "line"(drawing lines) can be selected. The color is chosen from given 8 colors or complementary one.
    If "line" is selected, one of "underline"(whose position is at base line or the bottom of the box) or "overline" and one of the "left side" or "right side" in case of vertical writing can be selected.

    These choice corresponds to -search:.

    "up to (-sdpi:)" specifies up to what resolution (dpi) to assign colors.
    These are the values of the compressed gray scale. The gray scale compressed by one fourth for dpi=300 is regarded as 75. For example, if 150 is set when dpi=300, colors are not assigned when the gray scale display is at the same magnification.
    dviout expands each page into an image file in the BMP file format. This specification is used with the objective of limiting the color assignments since a larger file size results from color assignments (when there is no enough memory).

    Coloring: can select whether to assign colors to only the string found by Search, or to assign colors to all of the relevant strings on the page.

    Cursor: specifies whether to move the mouse cursor to the position of the string that was found. If colors cannot be assigned, such as for a monochrome display, this option can be specified.

    sFont: specifies the fonts (of symbols or graphics) which should be excluded from the String Search.

    The function selected by the Function: list box is defined for the key selected by the Key: combo box.
    The function defined previously to the key is canceled.

    The function assigned to the key selected in the Key: list box is cleared.

    The function assigned to the key selected in the Key: list box is searched for and displayed in the Function: combo box on the left side.

    The definitions of the functions for all of the keys in the Key: list box are canceled.

    Each type of function in Function: and which key the function is assigned to are displayed.

    The two letters displayed by [ ] such as [JN] are used to assign the function to a key by dviout.par or the command line, or represent the function by DDE to
    Link to Other Programs. The keys displayed after this are changeable.

    The following keys appear.

    Normal keys(ASCII codes 0x21 - 0x7f)
    CTRL + letter(ASCII codes 0x00 - 0x1f)
    Function keys(Fn1 - Fn12)
    SHIFT + Function keys(SFn1 - SFn12)
    6 buttons on the right side of the option tool bar(User1 - User5, Button)


    Property Sheets
    A string specified by HyperJump is displayed in color. If that location is clicked by the left button of the mouse, a HyperJump is executed. HyperJump is implemented by HyperTeX specials.

    You can specify the color for highlighting of the linked strings as the same manner as the specification in [Search]. Refer to that description. The value of "up to:" specified by [Search] is applied also to the colors assigned in HyperTeX.

    disable hyperJump(-hyperoff:) HyperTeX specials are ignored.
    direct outerJump(-hyperoff:) When the HyperJump is to other than dvi files, the dialog box does not appear to ask whether to execute.

    In dviout, unless the dvi file is changed, the scanned part of the label specified by HyperJump or the jump destination and its position is saved to memory as the cache. The buffer size for this memory can be specified.
    If the cache is exceeded over the buffer size, the cache will be cleared. If this limit is exceeded on one page, the processing is not correct. For dvi files containing no HyperJumps, this cache buffer is not allocated in the memory.

    Note: By default, a HyperJump to a dvi file in the display is executed immediately by clicking the left button of the mouse. But for a jump to other than dvi files, the dialog box will be displayed.
    When the left button of the mouse is clicked while pressing the CTRL key, the dialog box is always displayed.

    URL(-href:) Number of HyperJump
    Name(-hname:) Number of labels for the jump destination
    String buf(-hbuf:) Size of the string buffer for saving the jump destination or label name

    non-default Browser(-Browser:) If you want use a browser other than the default WWW browser supported by the system, check this box and specify its path name.

    HyperTeX specials

    HyperTeX incorporates the HTML language into TeX. These implement HyperJumps within documents created by TeX, to other files in the local machine, or to the outside through the Internet.

    The correspondences to <a href=#"...">, <a name="..."> in HTML are implemented by HyperTeX specials. The LaTeX style file (by Mr. Okumura) for this is shown below.
    ------------------- myhyper.sty --------------
    \def\href{\leavevmode\begingroup \@sanitize \@href}
    \def\@href#1{\special{html:<a href=#"#1">}\endgroup \@@href}

    \def\base{\leavevmode\begingroup \@sanitize \@base}
    \def\@base#1{\special{html:<base url="#1">}\endgroup}

    \def\img{\leavevmode\begingroup \@sanitize \@img}
    \def\@img#1{\special{html:<img src="#1">}\endgroup}

    \def\name{\leavevmode\begingroup \@sanitize \@name}
    \def\@name#1{\special{html:<a name="#1">}\endgroup \@@name}
    Since the "#" used in HTML has special meaning in TeX, the style file like the above is prepared.
    Since only the last \name should only put a simple string in the argument, the following might be also acceptable.

    \def\name#1#2{\leavevmode\special{html:<a name="#1">}#2\special{html:</a>}}

    For the HyperTeX implementation, the only four macros above would be enough.

    Here are some examples:

    dviout for Windows supports the HyperTeX specials of <a href=#...>, <a name=...>, and </a>.
    Click \href{#foo}{here}
    Jump to

    Obtain the latest version of dviout for Windows from

    dviout corresponds to

    moving to
    \href{file:.\hypertex\hyper2.dvi#jump}{other dvi file}
    where is based on the directory containing the displayed document,

    \href{file:\index.html}{HTML file}
    and accessing other resource, for example,
    \href{file:MyMovie.avi}{AVI file}


    Property Sheets
    The functions of Loupe are specified which appears when the right button of the mouse is pressed. The setting here is [Save]d to the common position for the modes in Registry.

    If you press the right mouse button with CTRL key, an another Loupe appears. You can specify its setting in the area shown by the frame "Option(+CTRL)".

    Size: specifies the length of one side of the loupe or the diameter of a round loupe in pixel (dot) units.

    Scale: specifies the reduction ratio with the original dpi. For example, if the original dpi is displayed by the gray scale compressed to one sixth and the Scale: is set to 2, the portion expanded by three times is displayed by the loupe.

    Speed: Increase this number if the loupe afterimage remains and makes viewing difficult. The lower the value would result in smoother motion.

    Shape: selects the loupe shape -- circle or square. The square shape would work faster.

    Back: specifies the background color. Set the color to white when the display is not reversed or black when reversed, then the flickering while the loupe moves would be reduced.


    Property Sheets
    -tpic: specifies whether to enable tpic specials, and when enabled, to use Bezier curves (default) or spline curves when drawing curves.

    -GS: You can select the processing for PostScript specials or Image data files such as PS/EPS files, PBM files, or GIF files.

    -gbox: If you check this box, an outer frame of an imported image is displayed. This option is enabled even if the image file import function is turned off by -GS:.

    -gfit: specifies whether to use the reduced size of an intermediate color BMP file when handling a PostScript color image in a reduced display using the gray scale.

    -gsize: specifies the size of the imported EPS/PS image by PostScript specials with/without magnification value when the specification of magnification for the dvi file is not 1000.

    -GIF: selects the format of the image file generated using Ghostscript. The default is raw PBM. When this is set to BMP (256 colors), the file is treated as a color image.

    The file name of the image data created from a PostScript file is one whose extension is changed to .pbm, .gif, or .bmp.

    -gdat: With this parameter, you can specify the directory having PBM, GIF or BMP files. The default is the Current Directory.

    -gsx: With this parameter, you can specify the path for Ghostscript program. In most of the case, gswin32.exe might be on your path.

    You can also specify some parameters for Ghostscript with -gsx:.
    In this case, replace spaces with "^" as the delimiters to set, like following:


    -gow: If you check this box, the overlapped image data with other image data or characters is overwritten on them.

    -gclip: If you check this box, the image date generated by EPSF is clipped by BoundingBox.

    -spi: This parameter shows the directory where Susie plug-in exists. Under Susie plug-in dviout can handle grahic files in various formats.

    -color: enables coloring the characters or the lines by \special.

    -cmode: The mode (auto, merge, replace) is set when the color assignments are superimposed by color specials.

    tpic specials

    tpic is based on the Troff figure preprocessor, tpic, by Brian Kernighan and is the name of the TeX figure preprocessor written by Tim Morgan and the special command set output by it. The LaTeX macros include eepic. (For details, see the included documents.)

    dviout supports the usual
    tpic specials commands (tpic 2.2).

    pn, pa, fp, ip, da, dt, sp, ar, ia, sh, wh, bk

    In addition to expanding the da command in dviout, the new rt and Bz commands are provided to expand original tpic specials(tpic specials extensions).

    Note: Since dviout processes every page, when a page is skipped while displaying or Printing, the line width of the previous page is not generated and the default line width is used. If you employ a line width other than the default in a series of pages, it would be better to insert pn command on each page or before a series of tpic specials.

    Note: Erasing by painting over with white when shading is not supported for color images.
    When printed on an LBP using a built-in driver, erasing is not supported for built-in LBP Japanese fonts or downloaded fonts.

    Note: In dviout, reading specials from a file is possible. This is useful when revising complex tpic specials.

    tpic specials commands

    The origin of the position of each graphical element is the page position maintained by TeX. The direction to the right is the positive direction of the X axis. The downward direction is the positive direction of the Y axis. The coordinates are represented by integers in milli-
    inch (0.254 mm) units.

    An angle is measured in radian units clockwise from the positive direction of the X axis and has a value from 0 to "2 times pi". By the command for drawing arcs, with setting the starting angle to zero and the final angle to "2 times pi" or more, a full circle or an ellipse can be drawn.
    \special{pn s}%
    The line width is set to s milli-inches.
    \special{pa x y}%
    The point (x, y) is added to the path.
    The path defined previously is drawn with the current line width. If shading is set and the path is closed, the interior of the path is painted. The number of points in the path is reset to zero.
    This is similar to \special{fp}, but the path is not drawn. If specified, there is shading.
    \special{da f}%
    This is similar to \special{fp}, but the path is drawn with dashed line. f is a real number that specifies the length of each dash in inches (cf. tpic specials extensions).
    \special{dt f}%
    This is similar to \special{fp}, but the path is drawn with a dotted line. f is a real number that specifies the gap between dots in inches.
    \special{sp d}%
    This is similar to \special{fp}, but the path is drawn with spline curves. d is a real number that specifies the type of curve
    - If d = 0 or is omitted, solid lines are drawn.
    - If d > 0, dashed lines are drawn. d is the length of a dash.
    - If d < 0, dotted lines are drawn. -d is the gap between each dot.
    \special{ar x y u v s e}%
    draws an arc centered on (x, y). s is the starting angle. e is the final angle. These real numbers are in radian units.
    For a complete circle or ellipse, u and v represent the x and y radii, respectively. Otherwise, u=v, and an arc is drawn from s to e. If specified, there is shading.
    \special{ia x y u v s e}%
    is similar to \special{ar x y u v s e}, but does not draw the arc. If specified, there is shading.
    \special{sh s}%
    specifies shading. The interior of the closed figure (three or more pa's followed by fp or ip, or ar or ia) defined after this command is painted.
    s is a real number between zero and one. Zero means paint over in white. Anything below the figure, including text, is complete erased. A value other than zero means gray. Anything below the figure is not erased but is painted gray.
    The default is 0.5 and is gray. One means black. If s is not specified, the value 0.5 is used. Only the interior of a figure is shaded. The boundary lines are independent on this specification and have the current line width.
    Same as \special{sh 0}.
    Same as \special{sh 1}.

    tpic specials extensions

    The dviout
    tpic specials has the following extensions over the original tpic specials. Be aware that since they are only supported by dviout, dvi files containing them have compatibility problems.

    da command extension
    To make it useful in drawing graphs with tools such as gnuplot, the da command is extended and takes multiple arguments.

    The arguments alternately specify the lengths of the solid lines and the spaces in real numbers in units of inches. Thus, a dashed line is drawn by repeating the specified pattern. Each point in the path is passed through successively. In other words, each point is not limited to being on a solid line portion. For example,

    \special{da 0.1}% o___ ___ ___o___ ___
    \special{da 0.1 0.1}% o___ ___ ___ o ___ ___
    \special{da 0.1 0.01 0.01 0.01} % one-point chain line
    \special{da 0.1 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01}% two-point chain line

    rt command extension
    This command has several functions relating to rotation, enlargement, and inversion. It takes variable number of parameters.

    When used as rt p where p is an integer, the command has the following meanings:

    - If p = 1, it puts the current state of linear transformation on top of the stack. If p is -1, it pops and returns the transformation from top of the stack, or returns the identity transformation when the stack is empty. The stack can grow as deep as 16 levels. The stack gets emptied at the start of each page.
    - If p is 2, included images are drawn without erasing whatever is currently on the canvas (-gow:-). If p is 3, images are drawn after erasing the regions (-gow:+). If p is 4, the graphics overwrite mode (-gow:) is restored to the one just before executing the previous rt 2 or rt 3.
    - rt 0 is the same as rt 0 0 0.

    The command rt h v scales all subsequent text and graphic outputs horizontally by a factor of h and vertically by v around the current point. The scaling factors may be negative.

    All of the text and graphics output after rt x y f are only rotated by the angle f about (x, y).
    As with other tpic commands, x and y are integers in units of milli-inches, and f is in positive radian units in the clockwise rotation.
    The rotation is not relative, but is always with respect to the absolute coordinates of the bitmap. Setting f=0 resets.
    For example,

    \put(100,250){\special{rt 0 0 4.71239}\makebox(0,0){Leftside}%
    \special{rt 0 0 0}}
    \put(250,250){\special{rt 0 0 3.14159}\makebox(0,0){Upsidedown}%
    \special{rt 0 0 0}}
    \put(400,250){\special{rt 0 0 1.57080}\makebox(0,0){Rightside}%
    \special{rt 0 0 0}}

    All the text and graphics output after the command rt h v w z are linearly transformed around the current point by
    (X,Y) -> (h*X + w*Y, z*X + v*Y)

    The above transformations are similarly resumed by \special{rt 1 1}, \special{rt x y 0} or \special{rt 1 1 0 0}.

    The transformation changes into the composition with the transformation at the top of the stack (which is the identity if there exist nothing there). This implies that the transformation is replaced by the defined one if the stack is empty. For example,

    \special{rt 0 0 -.5236}%
    \special{rt 1}%
    \special{rt 1 2}%
    \special{rt -1}%
    \special{rt -1}%

    means that the string "text" is scaled by 2 only vertically and then the result is rotated by the angle of 15 degree in the counter clockwise direction.

    Bz command extension
    This command switches from a spline curve to a Bezier curve or the reverse for drawing curves with the sp command.

    The \special{sp} after \special{Bz 1} switches to Bezier.
    The \special{sp} after \special{Bz 0} switches to spline.

    The default is to use Bezier curves. The -tpic=2 option can switch to spline curves.

    reading specials from a file

    tpic specials or any number of consecutive \special can be written to a file and read. The TeX format is


    \special is written in file_name.

    The search path for the file is identical to the one for a BMP file so the Current Directory and the directory indicated by -gdat: are searched.

    If % appears in the file, everything until the 0x0a newline code is ignored.

    Only the parts enclosed by {...} in \special{...} in the file are interpreted. Other parts are ignored.

    Even if there is { } nesting in this {...}, the processing is correct. In addition, all of the character codes below 0x20 in {...} are replaced by spaces.

    One {...} is allowed to contain a maximum of 4000 bytes.

    BMP file

    A BMP file is the standard image file supported by MS Windows. (dviout can read them in as
    Image data files and save the displayed view as a BMP file.)

    In dviout, each page is expanded into a BMP file for displaying or Printing. The data in a color image file are composed when displaying or printing. The common uses are

    - Monochrome (black-and-white) BMP file that is not enlarged or reduced, or is printed
    - 16-color BMP file for a gray scale display
    - 256-color BMP file for searching or when colored by HyperTeX

    In addition, an uncompressed BMP file of 65,535 colors or 16.77 million colors can be read.

    Example In one A4 page, the standards for the BMP file sizes for dpi = 300 are as follows.

    1:1 monochrome BMP: about 1 Mbyte
    1:1 256-color BMP: about 8 Mbytes
    1:1 full color BMP: about 24 Mbytes
    16-level gray scale BMP compressed by 1/4 (75 dpi): about 256 kbytes
    256-color BMP compressed by 1/4 (75 dpi): about 500 kbytes

    Image data file

    dviout can read image data files in the PS/EPS, monochrome GIF, raw PBM, BMP (monochrome, 16 colors, 256 colors, 60,000 colors, full color) formats and many other formats. (The files must be placed in either the directory containing the dvi file or the directory specified by

    See "Image data file specials".

    For viewing these Image data files, checks the item Ghostscript under "Property Sheets->[Graphic]" as On (-GS:).

    If you want to handle PostScript files, you need Ghostscript which supports the raw PBM or monochrome GIF specified by -GIF: or the BMP output (corresponding to multiple colors). Then, specify the full path name in -gsx: (or press the button to open the executable file).

    Image data file specials

    dviout can read
    Image data files in the PS/EPS, monochrome GIF, raw PBM, and monochrome and color BMP formats. Using Susie plug-in(cf. spi:), dviout can read other formats(GIF/JPEG/TIFF/PCD/PPM etc). The images can also be printed by Including printer control codes into TeX file.

    For an encapsulated PostScript file (EPSF), Ghostscript can be used to import images. The \specials supported by dviout are

    epsfile=epsf_file [parameters]

    which is used by (ecl)spsf.sty or epsfig.sty, or
    PSfile=epsf_file [parameters]

    which is used to output graphicx.sty in the LaTex2e graphics package to dvips.
    epsf_file is the name of the EPS file. The name can be enclosed by double quotes ("") as in "" or not as in Of course, these specifications can be directly written in the TeX text as \special{...}.

    In addition,


    that is output by epsbox.sty is also supported.

    For information about [parameters], see "PostScript special parameters" or "Examples using PostScript specials".

    The following \specials are supported respectively for PostScript files not containing %%BoundingBox:, raw PBM files (can omit the .pbm extension), monochrome GIF files (can omit the .gif extension), monochrome or color BMP files (can omit the .bmp extension) or files handled by Susie plug-in:

    psfile=ps_file [parameters]
    pbmfile=pbm_file [parameters]
    giffile=gif_file [parameters]
    bmpfile=bmp_file [parameters]

    (The raw PBM style file called pbmf.sty is provided with dviout.) [parameters] can be hsize, vsize, hscale, vscale, scale, truesize and reverse (cf. PostScript special parameters).

    ps: PS code


    " PS code

    can be processed (in the latter, one space is required after the double quote ") if PS code is a complete PostScript code to draw a picture.

    When the graphicx.sty of the LaTeX2e graphics package is used in dvips output, all the key words in the package can be handled with the following limitations.

    1. The image written by PostScript can be rotated
    by the angle of interger multiple of 90 degree. The rotations by other angle is not supported. The rotations of the colored image in any other file format are not supported, neither.

    2. Scalings of colored images not written in the PostScript are ignored.

    3. The last parameter of \DeclareGraphicRules should not be a command.

    4. \pagecolor is only valid in the page where is is declared.

    5. dviout makes files in BMC format to handle Postscript files but BMC files can be handled by dviout as if they are BMP files. When BMP files are requested, dviout first searches the corresponding BMC files and uses them if they exist.

    The following are examples.

    \includegraphics[<key val list>]{file}
    <key val list>]{file}
    <key val list>]{angle}{text}
    <h scale>}[<v scale>]{text}

    PostScript special parameters

    hsize=width vsize=height : These represent the width and height of the imported image, respectively. %%BoundingBox: in the EPS is read and the scale is changed to the specified size (if only hsize or vsize was specified, the vertical-to-horizontal ratio is kept).
    If the width and height represent lengths and units (possibly, cm,
    inch, or mm) are not given, they are interpreted as point values (72 pt = 1 inch) in PostScript.

    hscale=w vscale=h : The horizontal and vertical scale conversion factors are specified in real numbers. If only one is specified, a similarity transformation is performed.

    scale=s : The similarity transformation is done s times.

    llx=x1 lly=y1 urx=x2 ury=y2 : These have the same meaning as the %%BoundingBox: specification and indicate a rectangular image slice where (x1,y1) and (x2,y2) are the vertices of a diagonal. The unit is the PostScript pt and is the value before scale conversion.

    rwi=ww rhi=hh : Although they have the same meanings as the hsize= and vsize= specifications (only one can be specified), the values of ww and hh are 10 times the pt in PostScript.

    hoffset=h_off v_offset=v_off : The positions when taken from an EPS file are shifted in the horizontal and vertical directions. Similar to width, h_off and v_off are given as lengths.

    truesize : The size is not affected by the magnification in the dvi file or by -mag:, -e:, etc.

    clip : When taken from EPS, the image protruding into the border is cut off. By default, the border is 1 inch wide.

    reverse : Black and white reversal (This is ignored if the image is handled as color.)

    Examples using PostScript specials

    - when using graphicx.sty in the LaTeX2e graphics package
    \usepackage{graphicx, color}
    \includegraphics*[width=8cm, height=12cm, keepaspectratio]{}
    \includegraphics[bb=0 0 2in 2in]{figure.bmp}
    \rotatebox[origine=c]{180}{...Like This...}
    {\color{red}This is red.}

    In this case, the four added files of dviout.def, graphics.cfg, graphicx.cfg, and color.cfg, or graphics.cfg and color.cfg containing only the line shown below are placed in the same directory as the graphics package.

    - when using graphics.sty in place of graphicx.sty, then
    In this case options such as keepaspectratio cannot be specified.

    - when using Susie plug-in to handle graphic files in other formats, then, for example, {figer.bmp} in the above is replaced by {figer.jpg}. In this case, the attached dviout.def should be used.

    - when using LaTeX2.09 with epsf.sty

    - examples of using special commands
    \special{ hsize=5.2cm vsize=7.5cm}
    \special{pbmfle=tiger vsize=5cm}
    \special{ scale=0.5}

    -GS: specifies the processing of the \special related to importing an Image data file.(For details, see "Property Sheets->[Graphic]")


    This program is needed for dviout to interpret PostScript code. At this writing,

    gswin32.exe/gswin32c.exe Ver.5.03

    for Windows 95 can be patched to use Windows 95 TrueType Japanese fonts. Note that this program does not support monochrome GIF format (cf.

    Current Directory

    dviout for Windows sets the drive and directory where the currently displayed dvi file exists to the current drive and the current directory.

    However, this is not the case if the dvi file is on the network or the dvi file is not displayed.

    The current directory becomes the first search path for the image file imported by specials.


    Property Sheets
    On this sheet, you can set the characteristic properties for the printer or its driver.

    The adjustments are saved in the Registry by [Save] and are applied to the current session by [Apply].
    When the values saved in the [REGISTRY] become the defaults at start-up, all of the corresponding options are checked by [Auto Load] in the [REGISTRY] sheet and [Save]d on the [REGISTRY] sheet. (By default, all of the saved options are loaded as the defaults at

    -area:(Use default area for system driver) When a Windows printer driver is used, this driver's defaults are used and the following settings for the widths of the unprintable areas are ignored.

    -LM: Width of the unprintable area on the left side of the paper

    -TM: Width of the unprintable area at the top of the paper

    The origin in a TeX dvi file is located one inch to the right from the left end of the paper and one inch from the top. Usually, the printer cannot print from the top left edge of the page. If these unprintable areas are not corrected, the origin on pages might be offset to right downward.

    If the Windows defaults is not proper, remove the check for -area:, then adjust -LM: and -TM:. The dvi file for printing position adjustment is provided with dviout. The origin of this dvi file should be correctly positioned (cf. Adjusting the Print Position).
    If these values are increased, the printing position on the paper is shifted to left or upward. (These parameters are used to correct the position difference between in Printing and in Preview.)

    Note: If a built-in dviout driver is used, the -LM: and -TM: settings are always enabled.

    Note: If you want to temporarily shift the printing position, use -OX: and -OY: and not -LM: and -TM:.

    -RM: Width of the unprintable area on the right side of the paper

    -BM: Width of the unprintable area at the bottom of the paper

    Note 1: Since -RM: and -BM: are processed in Windows 95 (by the printer driver), usually they do not have to be set. These values do not affect the printing positions.

    Note 2: If landscape is selected by [Paper], since the images rotated 90 degrees clockwise are printed, the TeX dvi origin is adjusted by -TM: and -RM:.
    (When returning to the correct orientation (rotating the paper 90 degrees counterclockwise, specifically placing the TeX dvi origin at the top left), increasing -TM:, moves the origin to left, while increasing -RM:, moves the origin up.)
    Only when the built-in dviout LIPS III/IV and ESC/Page drivers are employed, the positon is adjusted by -LM: and \f-TM: with landscape being the same as portrait.

    --- Printing without Windows printer drivers (-dviprt: setting) ---

    dviprt is default: The default is to follow the -dviprt: setting and not use the Windows printer driver in the printing dialog (corresponding to a checked dviprt in the printing dialog).

    follow default dpi: When the specified built-in dviout printer driver is used, the default dpi of the built-in driver is used and not the dpi set by dviout.

    [CFG file]: This button specifies the configuration file when printing uses an external printer configuration file in the built-in dviout printer driver.

    -dviprt: This specifies the process and the parameters when the console dviprt is called to print and the built-in dviout driver (when Windows printer drivers are not used for printing).


    Property Sheets
    Paper size: This sets the page size of the paper. When "Defined by User" is selected, the vertical and horizontal sizes are specified.
    dviout creates the BMP file of the image of each page based on this size.

    Orientation: Sets whether the paper is set to portrait (default vertical orientation) or landscape (horizontal orientation).

    Note: The Paper size: and Orientation: settings are independently set in the printer and its driver in the printing dialog. Usually, the same settings must be made when actually printing.

    -OX: Setting of the correction of the output position in the horizontal direction
    -OY: Setting of the correction of the output position in the vertical direction

    Note: In the dvi file, the top left corner of the paper is the reference and the origin is positioned at (1 inch, 1 inch) = (25.4mm, 25.4mm).
    (If -LM: and -TM: have valid settings) Normally, this origin is printed to be located at (1 inch, 1 inch) on the actual paper. However, if the origin is shifted for some reason, set the -OX: and -OY: options.

    -HC: The text width read from the dvi file is considered to be the horizontal width of the document. Based on the horizontal width of the paper that is set, this option can specify the centering in the horizontal direction of the document.
    -VC: The height of the text read from the dvi file is considered to be the vertical width of the document. Based on the vertical width of the paper that is set, this option can specify the centering in the vertical direction of the document.
    -HS: When centering in the horizontal direction is set, this option can define the shift in the horizontal direction after centering.
    -VS: When centering in the vertical direction is set, this option can define the shift in the vertical direction after centering.

    Note: The text size written in a dvi file might be not relevant to the actual paper size. Usually, it would be better to uncheck options like -HC: and -VC:.


    Property Sheets
    -br: specifies the size of the cache buffer that saves the bitmap data of each character.

    -bf: specifies the buffer size for the cache for font files, such as the PK font. At least the same size as the maximum size of the PK font is required.

    -bb: specifies the maximum allowable size of the buffer for expanding the image of a page. Since the required size must be allocated, a sufficiently large buffer size should be specified. (When dpi=300 for the A4 size, the required buffer is of about 1 Mbytes. If the dpi is doubled, a buffer that is four times larger, around
    4 Mbytes, is required.)

    -multi: specifies how many dviout's can run at the same time.

    -log: specifies the path name of the log file recording information such as dviout errors or warnings. If only + is specified, the log file is created with the name dviout.log in the directory containing dviout.exe. If - is set, the log file is not created. This setting can be changed from the Menu Bar.

    -renew: When you are using dviout, you might visit other window from the dviout window and then return again to that dviout window. If this parameter is checked, dviout will check whether the displayed dvi file has been modified or not, and if modified, the display will be updated automatically.

    -button: The tool button setting, such as "Backward/Forward history," is changed to the default.

    -base: The base line of each character is displayed. This is used for checking while proofreading.

    -box: Instead of each character, a box whose size is of the character is displayed. This is used for proofreading.

    -Wshow: A child window is opened in the case of Automatic Font Generation or execution of Ghostscript.

    Reverse page_up/down This switches the direction of incrementing or decrementing of page number when press the arrow for page jump in the tool bar. (This is applied by ([OK] and [Apply] and enabled the next time. This specification is common with all modes in Registory.)

    -file: specifies the Parameter file.

    Property Sheets->[System]->Reverse page_up/down

    The incrementing or decrementing of Page Number when pressing the arrows for page jumps of the tool bar are reversed. (This is applied by [OK] and [Apply] and enabled the next time. There is no distinction by mode.)


    Property Sheets
    This sheet specifies which parameter is read or not read from the Registry when start-up. (cf. Parameters.)

    When this sheet is selected first in the property sheets, the parameters marked with + in the list box are automatically read in mode at present. (In default, all the parameters is read automatically when start-up.)

    [Auto Load] Adds + mark to the selected parameter in the list box in [REGISTRY]. Marked parameters will be read from Registory when start-up.

    [Ignore] Removes + mark from the selected parameter in the list box. Unmarked parameters will not be read from Registory when start-up.

    [All Set] in [REGISTRY] Adds + to all the parameters in the list box.

    [All Clear] in [REGISTRY] Removes + from all the parameters in the list box.

    Note: The automatic reading of the parameters set here become effective after the [Save] button on this sheet is pressed. Pressing the [Restore] button on this sheet shows the list of parameters to be read automatically with +.

    [Save] in [REGISTRY] The settings are saved at the locations for the current mode of the Registry. The values of the parameters marked by + are automatically read when the start-up mode is the current mode.

    [Restore] in [REGISTRY] The list of parameters to be read at start-up is obtained based on the current mode of the Registry and indicated with + set to the parameters displayed in the list box.
    When the current setting is changed, the current settings are first obtained by this button. They can be corrected and saved.

    Note: The [Apply] and [OK] buttons are unrelated to the settings in the [REGISTRY] sheet.

    -------- Selected mode ----------
    Default mode: specifies the start-up mode. The parameters specified for automatic reading for this mode are read in from the Registry at start-up. (The settings become effective after the [Save] button is pressed.)

    Current mode: changes the current mode. This is reflected to the current dviout (you don't need to press the [Apply] or [OK] button.). [Save] and [Restore] to the Registry of the various parameter values on each page of the property sheets are applied to the
    current mode in the Registry.

    Current Print: When dviout is in the current mode set above, the mode can change to the mode set here only when Printing. (This becomes effective after the [Save] button is pressed.)
    For example, you might want to employ different dpi when printing from when previewing (cf. Q_P6) or invoke Ghostscript to interpret PostScript \specials only when printing. By specifying a mode in Current Print, such a temporal switching of mode is possible. However, when invoking an external application program such as dviprt,
    this setting is ignored.

    Current Name: You can give a name to the current mode and this would make it easy to remember which mode has which specification. The name is displayed in the dialog for changing the mode by "Option -> Mode".


    The Registry is supported by Win32 to save information about each type of parameter in the Win32 system or program. This information is actually recorded in a format such as a database on the disk.

    dviout saves the information in HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\SHIMA\dviout in the Registry. Many parameters are saved at 10 different locations for each mode. They correspond to the locations of para0,..., para9 under ...\SHIMA\dviout.

    para0,...,para9 : Each parameter of mode0,..., mode9 is stored by the key of the parameter name and its value (as integer or character type data).
    FILE : This is the history of file names employed by dviout. There are 16 keys, from 0 to 15. The oldest one is 0.
    In Font key, packed data of frequently used fonts and their font files on the hard disk is stored.
    In Freq key, information which has frequency of usage of each font is stored. First 1 byte represents version number, the next 1 byte denotes how many times the Font key is not renewed, the next 2 bytes stores size of Font key value, and last 2 bytes shows data number.
    FIND : This is the history of the strings employed in
    String Searches. They are 0, 1, 2..., where 0 is first.
    KeyTable : The definitions of the key functions are stored in the binary format.
    Settings : The size or position of the dviout window and loupe properties are stored.

    Selected mode

    Specify the mode at start-up, the
    current mode, and the mode for Printing. You can give a name to the current mode.

    For details, see Property Sheets->[REGISTRY].

    Current Name:

    You can give a name to the current mode and this would make it easy to remember which mode has which specification. The name is displayed in the dialog for changing the mode by "Option -> Mode".

    Current mode:

    current mode is changed in the [REGISTRY] of Property Sheets. This is immediately reflected to the current dviout. (The settings of the Parameters are not read.)
    [Save] and [Restore] to the Registry of the values of the parameters on each page of the property sheets are performed for the Registry in this mode.

    Default mode:

    Default mode: specifies the start-up mode. The parameters specified for automatic reading for this mode are read in from the Registry when start-up. (The settings become effective after the
    [Save] button is pressed.)

    In the command line, if the parameter -mode: is specified such as

    dviout -mode=2

    then the mode is changed to the specified mode above after initialization in the default mode.

    Current Print:

    When dviout is in the current mode, the mode can change to the mode set here only when
    Printing. (This becomes effective after the [Save] button is pressed.)
    For example, you might want to employ different dpi when printing from when previewing (cf. Q_P6) or invoke Ghostscript to interpret PostScript \specials only when printing. By specifying a mode in Current Print, such a temporal switching of mode is possible.

    [Auto Load]

    Adds + mark to the selected parameter in the
    list box in [REGISTRY]. Marked parameters will be read from Registory when start-up.


    Removes + mark from the selected parameter in the list box of the
    [REGISTRY] of Property Sheets. Unmarked parameters will not be read from Registory when start-up.

    [Save] in [REGISTRY]

    The settings in the
    [REGISTRY] of Property Sheets are saved at the locations for the current mode of the Registry. The values of the parameters marked by + are automatically read when the start-up mode is the current mode.

    [Restore] in [REGISTRY]

    The list of parameters to be read at start-up is obtained based on the current mode of the Registry and indicated with + set to the parameters displayed in the list box.
    When the current setting is changed, the current settings are first obtained by this button. They can be corrected and saved.

    [All Set] in [REGISTRY]

    Adds + to all the parameters in the list box in
    [REGISTRY] of Property Sheets.

    [All Clear] in [REGISTRY]

    Removes + from all the parameters in the list box of the
    [REGISTRY] of Property Sheets.

    list box in [REGISTRY]

    The parameters marked with + in the parameter list of the
    [REGISTRY] list box are set to the default values when start-up (by pressing the [Save] in [REGISTRY] sheet ).

    - The current setting states are obtained by [Restore] in [REGISTRY].
    - Setting or clearing + is performed by [All Clear] in [REGISTRY], [All Set] in [REGISTRY], [Ignore], and [Auto Load].
    - The mode at start-up is set by Selected mode.

    - Preview (Q_V)

    - Font (Q_F)

    - Print (Q_P)

    - Parameter (Q_S)

    - Image data (Q_G)

    - Error message (Q_E)

    - Operations on Windows95/NT (Q_W)

    - Other problems (Q_T)

    - Other questions (Q_O)

    - Slow display of the first page (Q_V1).
    - Slow page move (Q_V2).
    - I want to reverse the direction of the page motion by the arrow of the tool bar (Rev_arrow).
    - I want to move among pages with a toolbar button (Q_V10).
    - Too large or too small display scale (Q_V3).
    - Blurred or faint characters in the preview view (Q_V4).
    - I want to guarantee a preview view that is as large as possible (Q_V5).
    - Check for the update of the dvi file and update the preview automatically (Q_V6).
    - An afterimage remains when the Loupe moves or flickeres (Q_V7).
    - The display background is too bright (-bright:).
    - Landscape pages are displayed in portrait (Q_O22).
    - When magnified, the string found by the "Search" (-sdpi:) cannot be highlighted.
    - The colors of the strings found by the "String Search" are unclear or do not change. (Q_V8).
    - Strings copied to the clipboard including symbols are strange (-sFont:).
    - Faint colors appear on the outlines of colored characters and the positions are offset (Q_V9).
    - I want to view the whole page (Q_V11).
    - Using mouse buttons for preview (Q_V12).

    When dviout starts up, dviout determines which font file on the disk to use for all of the fonts used by this dvi file (read -TEXPK:, etc.) and creates the position mapping between the page and the dvi file.
    A larger dvi file will take longer time to display the first page. If the display of the first page is extraordinary slower than page moves or jump, this might be due to too much time for font searching by dviout..
    Font search will take a long time when // or \\ is specified in -TEXPK: invoking kpathsea with -Fkeep: OFF. It is better not use // nor \\ for close to the root directory.

    You might have fonts of different resolutions in separated directories, like ^d\^s.^dpk. Then you might specify more than one directory in -TEXPK:. If so, specify first the most frequently used font.

    By default, all of the Parameters saved in the Registry are loaded at start-up. By changing the [REGISTRY] property sheet to load only the necessary ones might be good for quick start-up.

    There are some cases when Moving between pages is slow, particularly for page 1 -> page 2 -> page 1, the final page 2 -> page 1 is slower.

    The reason for this might be due to a long time to expand a page by dviout. When a high-resolution font is used, the process data becomes large, and it takes time. Even for a
    gray scale display, a 400 dpi or smaller font would be better. For a particularly slow PC, use a 118 dpi font instead of using gray scale.

    Also the printing slows down when the font cache buffer is too small because of frequent flushing. See "Help -> Buffer info" (Buffer Information). The size of this buffer is defined by -bf:.

    The magnification and reduction scales of the display can be changed by "Display -> Magnify or Reduce," or by H-scale and V-scale in "Property Sheets -> [Display]".

    When [Save] is pressed in [Display], the current state becomes the default. (Based on the case, checking and [Save] are required in [REGISTRY].)

    This is for the gray scale display. In "Property Sheet -> [Display]", adjust the contrast. When "High", the character becomes darker.

    View -> Tool Bar, Status Bar, Page Slider, or Scroll Bar can erase the tool bar, status bar, page slider, or scroll bar.
    Therefore, preview view portion becomes somewhat wide for the dviout window.

    Specifying the parameter -NULL: in the command line, the whole display of CRT is used for
    Preview (cf. Start and Exit).

    If the dvi file is updated when the TeX source file is created or corrected while previewing, the preview view can be automatically updated (-renew:).
    This update is checked only when the main dviout window is changed into active.

    In a model that is slow to rewrite the screen, you may worry about the status. In particular, when the loupe is round or color image data is included, rewriting becomes slow.
    If the loupe is square and the value of Speed: is increased, the status improves. In addition, the background color is identical or close to the paper's color, so flickering is reduced (
    Property Sheets -> [Loupe]).

    The string searched is displayed in red by default. In a gray scale display, strings are displayed with 16 red intensity levels. However, in a Windows screen with 256-color mode or lower modes, the colors cannot be accurately represented.
    The measures against this are setting the screen to "High color" or "Full color", changing the color assignment to the box shape (Property Sheets->[Search]), or changing the gray scale.

    If characters already colored by color specials are found, the colors are not changed. This can be indicated by underlines, boxes, or cursor movements.

    When -color: is set to "ON", a \special can assign colors to characters and lines.

    Antialiasing is used instead of the gray scale when compressing, but faint colors occur on the outlines by the painting over by REPLACE (cf. -cmode:).

    Since the characters are displayed after antialiasing each character, the position is offset by a maximum of one dot.

    For a 1:1 display by the loupe, the appearance can be normal.

    The six buttons on the right-hand column of the Second Tool Buttons (left/right arrows, smiley face, etc; cf. View->View Menu) can be freely redefined with Property Sheet->[Key].

    For example, to define the lefthand arrow button the function to move to the previous page, choose Option->Setup Parameters->[Key], and set Function: to Previous Page, Key: to User2, then press [Define]. Continue with other definitions if necessary. Then press [Save] and lastly [OK]. The toolchips will be changed appropriately.

    If these buttons are not displayed, toggle View->Change Tool Buttons.

    To display the whole page, do one of the following:

    - Use Display->Fit on the toolbar (the default key is set to 5).
    - Set appropriate scale with Display->View4, say (the default key is 4)
    - Set appropriate scale to the Loupe option (Ctrl + right-click on the mouse).

    Here's a summary of functions of the mouse buttons while Previewing.

    1. Click on the left button stands for a HyperTeX jump. If the Ctrl key is pressed while clicking, the jump location is displayed, prompting the user for the confirmation.

    2. When the mouse pointer is shaped of hand and is placed on a position which is not a HyperTeX hotspot, move the mouse while pressing the left button to scroll the page.

    3. Press SHIFT key while clicking the left mouse button to acquire the character string under the mouse pointer for copying to clipboard. If Ctrl key is also pressed, information on the character is displayed.

    4. The right hand button on the mouse is for the Loupe function. Use Ctrl key for another Loupe. Move the mouse while pressing the right button to move the Loupe.

    5. Turn the central wheel of IntelliMouse to scroll up/down. Press the wheel or Shift key at the same time to Move to another page. Press the Ctrl key to magnify/reduce the screen.

    - Font Metric File and Font Glyph File
    - Automatic font location setting ([Guess])
    - Size adjustment of the Japanese font (Q_F1).
    - Adjustments of the base line positions of the European language fonts and Japanese fonts(Q_F2).
    - What is the precedence of the Japanese fonts? (Q_F11)
    - Using slanted, flat, and long Japanese fonts.(Q_F3)
    - Uses the color characters color specials.
    - The font with a long name such as lcircle10 or lcirclew10 is not found (Q_F4).
    - The Automatic Font Generation of a nonexistent European language font (Q_F6).
    - Handling Nonexistent Fonts.
    - Employing Windows Japanese fonts for NTTjTeX dvi files(Q_O3).
    - The Windows TrueType Japanese font settings were erased (Q_F9).
    - Want to use TrueType Japanese fonts with fonts in a format of "the Shotai-Club"(Q_F10).
    - Will TrueType Japanese fonts be used in the Windows that is not the Japanese version? (Q_F12)
    - The European language TrueType display looks odd (Q_F5).
    - High-resolution, large fonts will be used (Q_F8).
    - I want to use rotated strings (Q_F7).

    The sizes of the Japanese fonts are adjusted together by -S:. Individual adjustments to Windows TrueType Japanese fonts are done by [WinJFont].

    -J: is used to adjust the base line position of a Japanese font. For horizontal writing, this is used to shift the Japanese text up or down.

    For TrueType fonts using WinAPI, each font can be adjusted by V position and H position of "Property Sheets->[WinJFont]".

    For Windows TrueType Japanese fonts, the settings can be made by [WinJFont]. If the size or the horizontal and vertical positions are not adjusted in major changes, the balance with other characters may worsen. These settings can be made by [WinJFont], but there is no automatic adjustment of the vertical-to-horizontal ratio of the characters matching jfm.

    When a built-in LBP Japanese font is used in Printing, the length and flatness can be specified by the -dviprt: parameters. The length and flatness matching jfm can be automatically adjusted.

    Because of the length restrictions on file names in MS-DOS, one technique truncates a font name longer than eight characters, such as lcircle10 and lcirclew10, to eight characters. This uses names like and for PK font files and lcircle1.tfm and lcirclew.tfm for Font Metric Files. (Another technique cuts out the middle
    as with lcirle10 and lcirew10.)

    Note: This writes lcircle10 and lcirclew10 in the dvi file only for the file names of fonts and is no different than a dvi file created on UNIX for example.

    Since long file names can be used in Windows 95 and NT, the correct, the full names can be used.
    The font files and various utilities provided by MS-DOS are usually truncated to eight characters. Therefore, caution is necessary if they will also be used.(Change to a correct font file name or use -L: or -F:.)

    Don't use the old way indicating European Language TrueType Fonts in -TEXPK:. Specify the correspondence of TeX fonts and TrueType fonts in Property sheets->[WinJFont] and the place of the corresponding tfm files in -TEXPK:.

    If some characters are replaced by wrong ones, please use Virtual fonts.

    If you have mktexpk.exe or MakeTeXPK.exe, you can employ Automatic Font Generation for European language fonts by using a file template.pks provided with dviout. Specifically,

    1. Pass the path to mktexpk.exe or MakeTeXPK.exe.

    2. Make sure that mktexpk.exe or MakeTeXPK works correctly by executing in a command line.
    If the location of the fonts created by mktexpk.exe or MakeTeXPK (for example, c:\usr\local\share\texmf\fonts\pk\^s.^dpk) is not included in -TEXPK:, add it.

    3. If the printer in "mode_name=" of template.pks is different from yours, you should change this option. If you use mktexpk.exe, you should replace MakeTeXPK in template.pks by mktexpk.

    4. template.pks is set in -gen: in "Option -> Setup Parameters -> Font2" by its full path name. For example, set


    and press the [Save] and [Apply] buttons.

    The direct specification can also be made by the setting starting with ` such as

    -gen:`mktexpk -dpi ^d --bdpi ^D --mag ^d/^D ^s

    -gen:`c:\ptex\bin\MakeTeXPK ^s ^d ^D ^d/^D CanonCX

    Note: If the location of the fonts generated by mktexpk or MakeTeXPK is not given in -TEXPK:, dviout cannot find the generated fonts and an error occurs.

    By using the rt tpic specials extensions command, strings and monochrome images can be rotated and drawn, as in

    \special{rt 0 0 1.57080}
    \special{rt 0 0 0}

    In addition, when the LaTex2e graphicx.sty is used for dvips output, the rotations and drawings such as the following are possible.


    If many large, high-resolution fonts are used, the font cache buffer should be significantly large (-br: specification).

    If data are read from a large font file on the disk, the cache buffer for the font file should also be large (-bf: specification).

    The states for using these buffers are found in the buffer information in "Help -> Buffer Information".

    When, for example, the settings such as substituting the NTTjTeX Japanese font by a Windows font (Q_O3) are made on the [JFont2] property sheet and saved by [Save], there is the -vfn: setting on this sheet. If this is not blank, register it on the Registry.

    -vfn: above can select either reading an external file containing the Japanese font settings or Japanese TrueType settings by [WinJFont] (this also corresponds to -vfn:).

    If errors are set in -vfn: in the Registry, the Japanese font settings become invalid.

    The original state is recovered by setting empty in -vfn: in [JFont2] and [Save]ing it. Moreover [Default] button in [WinJFont] makes the setting there in the default state, which is again saved by [Save].

    Complex Japanese fonts settings such as shared use of Windows TrueType Japanese fonts and Japanese fonts in the Typeface Group's format must be written and set in a file.

    Refer to utility\dviout.vf0, which is included, and modify it to create the settings file. Then specify with the
    -vfn: in the [JFont2] property sheet. This disables the [WinJFont] specification.

    The precedence of the Japanese fonts when actually using dviout for the Japanese fonts in pTeX is given below. If not found in each stage, the next lower level is searched, the types of Japanese fonts used by pTeX can coexist.

    1. When a jxl4 format font was specified by
    -TEXPK:, it is used. When a jfm file was specified, the following results.

    2. When Printing by LIPS III/IV or ESC/Page using a built-in printer driver, a font installed in the printer is used (according to the specifications of Subparameter f of -dviprt:).

    3. If -vfn: of the [JFont2] property sheet is specified, a scalable font is used in accordance with this setting. If not, the Windows TrueType font is used in accordance with the [WinJFont] setting.

    4. The fixed-size bitmapped fonts specified by -TEXKNJ: are used.

    color specials

    -color: in the [Graphic] property sheet is checked, assigning colors to characters and lines is handled by the special command (cf. -color:).

    Colors are handled only when printing by a Windows driver. Black and white results by a built-in driver.

    68 colors

    Black, White, Gray, Red, Green, Blue, Cyan, Magenta, Yellow,
    Orange, Brown, Purple, Violet, Sepia, Tan,
    RedViolet, VioletRed, YellowGreen, Goldenrod,
    Dandelion, Apricot, Peach, Melon, YellowOrange,
    BurntOrange, Bittersweet, RedOrange, Mahogany,
    BlueGreen, BrickRed, OrangeRed, RubineRed,
    WildStrawberry, Salmon, CarnationPink, Rhodamine,
    Mulberry, Fuchsia, Lavender, Thistle, Orchid,
    DarkOrchid, Plum, RoyalPurple, BlueViolet,
    Periwinkle, CadetBlue, CornflowerBlue, MidnightBlue,
    NavyBlue, RoyalBlue, Cerulean, ProcessBlue,
    SkyBlue, Turquoise, TealBlue, Aquamarine,
    Emerald, Maroon, JungleGreen, SeaGreen,
    ForestGreen, PineGreen, LimeGreen, GreenYellow,
    SpringGreen, OliveGreen, RawSienna

    Since dviout for Windows has an expansion function for TrueType Japanese fonts, it can be used in the English version of Windows so that ASCII's Japanese TeX can use TrueType Japanese fonts.

    1. ttindex.exe creates the index file of the TrueType Japanese fonts to be used.

    2. The Japanese font definition file is specified by
    -vfn: in [JFont2] and not by [WinJFont]. The Japanese font definition file defines how to use the Japanese fonts.

    Note: The TrueType font expansion routine in dviout for Windows produces poorer quality, especially for small characters, compared to the Windows system.

    - I want to adjust the irregular printing positions ([Printer])
    - The printed sizes are irregular (Q_P1).
    - Printing takes too much time (Q_P2).
    - I want to use different parameters when printing than those used during the preview(Q_P6).
    - I want to print the page or the range checked in Preview (Q_P4).
    - "Copies:" in Number of Copies Specification in the print dialog is disabled.
    - What are the differences with the types of possible printing methods? (Q_P7)
    - I want to print by using the console version for dviprt Printing or by using another program
    - I want to use TrueType Japanese fonts in printing by dviout's LBP Driver. (Q_P5)
    - What is the paper size when enlarging or reducing and printing by an LBP? (Q_P8)
    - Taking in printer control codes for the built-in driver.
    - The printing by the built-in dviout driver is poor(Q_P9).
    - Send the dviout file document by fax(Q_P3).
    - When sending a fax, each page is send in separately (Unite Print Jobs).

    For example, to print on A4 size paper, the following is required.

    1. The original TeX document is created in the A4 size.

    2. Set A4 as the paper size in the
    [Paper] property sheet.

    3. Set A4 as the paper size in [Setup] in the print dialog.

    When the sizes of the printed characters are irregular or the sizes do not fit even with the A4 setting, the dpi used by dviout and the printer resolution may not match (cf. Setting the Resolution).

    For some laser printers such as LIPS III and ESC/Page, dviprt for MS-DOS tried to optimize such as data transfer by downloading fonts. When printing is done by a Windows system driver in Windows 95 or NT, there is no optimization and printing might be slow.

    The Windows 95 and NT printer drivers are improved by the printer manufacturers, and new versions of the drivers might be available.
    Printing speed may be improved by changing the driver settings or updating the driver.

    Printing speed may improve if -cmode: is set to patch in the Property Sheets->[Graphic] page. This remedy is appropriate only for printing not for preview. Use automatic mode changing function for printing (cf. Current mode:). Also, this remedy does not support printing by dviprt.

    Note: Even if the page printer's advertised resolution is 600 dpi, printing may be done in 300 dpi when the printer has insufficient memory, resulting in very slow printing.

    If needed, use a built-in dviout for Windows driver, a standard DOS version of dviprt, or a 32-bit version of dviprt. In this case, -LM: and -TM: adjustments may be necessary. An external printing program can be used from dviout for Windows (dviprt Printing).

    When a fax modem is registered as a Windows printer, documents can be transmitted by fax by selecting the fax modem in [Setup...] in the print dialog.

    In order to send more than one page once through a telephone connection, make sure that the [Unite job] parameter in the print dialog is checked.

    If only the page previewed immediately before entering the print dialog will be printed, press the [Selection] button in the print dialog.

    When a page is marked, either that page is printed or the pages in the specified range while previewing can be printed. In the latter case, if the page slider is displayed, the range is marked in the slider.

    Refer to the
    Page Selection item.

    When printing uses a built-in LBP driver in dviout following to the -dviprt: settings, the default is to use built-in LBP Japanese fonts. For example, when the following is set for LIPS III, Windows TrueType Japanese font can be used as the Gothic font.


    The "k" above means the TrueType Japanese font is downloaded and used. The "81" is a dummy. Which font to use for Gothic conforms to the settings on the [WinJFont] of property sheet.
    When the printer's built-in Japanese fonts are not used at all, as in


    For more details, see the information about Subparameter f, Subparameter k for the LBP Driver.

    The [REGISTRY] of property sheet is opened. Suppose Default mode: and Current mode: are both 0. The following setting example uses 300 dpi in Preview and 600 dpi in mode 2 when printing.

    (If [Save] on the [Resolution] sheet was not pressed, execute the save and return.) First, if Current Name: is blank, write in "Default". Set 2 in Current Print: and press [Save] (setting in mode 0).

    Next, set both "Current mode:" and "Default mode:" to 2, write "Default Printer" in "Current Name:". Since only -dpi: is changed, press [All Clear]. Then select -dpi:, press [Auto Load], assign "+" only to -dpi:, and press [Save]
    (setting in mode 2).

    Then move to the [Resolution] sheet. Set 600 in -dpi: and press [Save] (set in mode 2). Return to [REGISTRY]. Set "Current mode:" to 0 (return to mode 0). Leave by either [OK] or [Cancel].

    In the typical mode 0 state, when using a Windows print driver to print, the data are automatically converted from 300 dpi to 600 dpi (mode 2) and output. After printing ends, 300 dpi is restored.

    The "Default Printer" in mode 2 can be selected in "Option -> Mode" in the Menu Bar and returned to 600 dpi.

    1. Printing using a Windows print driver
    The default state with the check removed from dviprt in the print dialog
    - Handles
    color specials, color images (Q_O2), fax transmission ((Q_P3)
    - Pause at Each Page function
    - Cancel During Print Data Output
    - Compatible with various printer when the printer manufacturer's driver is used.

    2. Printing using the built-in dviout driver
    Applies when the beginning of -dviprt: is +` or ` , and dviprt in the print dialog is checked
    - The output codes are optimized; high-speed printing by an LBP, particularly, LIPS III/IV and ESC/Page, is possible; the printer's built-in Japanese font can be used.
    - Taking in printer control codes is possible
    - Printer configuration files (CFG File) can be defined. Thus each printer model can be handled, and the output can be in any format, such as an image format like PBM or EPSF.

    3. Printing by calling an external printer driver
    The calling method of the external program is set in -dviprt:. The case where dviprt in the print dialog is checked is handled.
    - The printing can be done by the console version of dviout or the dvips for PostScript printers.

    If there is enlarging or reduction in the print dialog, press the [Setup...] button in the print dialog to set the paper size and orientation, or confirm.
    Whether a Windows driver is used, or a built-in dviout driver is used, the [Setup...] dialog appears.

    When the [Setup...] button was not pressed(or was canceled by
    [Cancel] after being pressed)

    - For a Windows driver, the defaults set in the printer driver are followed. If the error in the paper size actually output is large (vertical or horizontal error exceeds 5%), the confirm message appears.

    - When a built-in dviout printer driver is used, enlarging or reducing is tried and the paper size is guessed. The commands are sent to the LBP to print on that paper.
    For example, if the Preview was for the B4 size, and the B4 -> A4 reduction (81.6%) was checked in the print dialog, the commands for using A4 paper are sent to the LBP. (Actually, if errors are taken into account, the reduction actually ranges from 77.6% to 85.6%.) If the paper cannot be guessed, the printing is for the paper size used in the preview.

    If dviprt was checked in the print dialog, the built-in dviout driver converts the image data to print control codes and prints.

    If the printer does not operate according to its specifications because a different printer model is used or there are bugs in the printer, correct printing may not also be possible.

    Change the
    Parameters and test. For example, for LIPS IV, try


    If none of them works well, switch to printing using a Windows driver or create a printer configuration file.

    - The defaults are the Parameters changed on the property sheet. (Q_S1).
    - I want to use parameters during printing that differ from the parameters during previewing ([REGISTRY]).
    - Output of Parameter Setting
    - Example of Parameter Setting
    - I want to start without reading in the settings written in the Registry (cf. Start and Exit)
    - I want to choose different mode at startup (cf. -mode:).
    - I want to delete the contents of the Registry and reinstall (Q_S8).
    - I want to copy the parameter settings to another computer (Q_S2).
    - Format of the parameters settings to read by dviout (Q_S3).
    - I want to read parameters from the file (Q_S4).
    - Edit function when setting or saving parameters (Q_S5).
    - Setting the parameters shared by different machines (Q_S6).
    - I want to appropriately use multiple parameter settings (Q_S7).
    - The parameters were changed, but did not act as expected (Q_S9).
    - The default parameter file is ignored (Q_S10).
    - Automatic Parameter Installation Function

    When the Parameters on the property sheet are changed and are enabled at the next start-up, press [Save] on this sheet to save to the Registry.
    If this parameter is not changed so that there is no reading in at start-up, this is acceptable. If not, the settings must be restored so that there is a read at start-up based on the [REGISTRY] sheet. (Select in the list box on the left side of the [REGISTRY] sheet, press [Auto Load] to add. Then press [Save] in [REGISTRY]
    to make the actual setting.)

    In the list box on the left side of the [REGISTRY] sheet, only the parameters marked by + are read in at start-up.
    If the top buttons are used ([All Set] in [REGISTRY] marks all of the parameters with +) and [Save] is pressed, the types of parameters read during start-up can be changed. Since the parameters whose settings are not saved in the Registry are ignored even if the settings are read at start-up, there are no problems.
    By pressing [Restore] in [REGISTRY], the current state can be determined.

    The Output of Parameter Setting is used to put the settings in the dviout.par file which is placed in the directory containing dviout.exe. When dviout starts, the parameter settings are read in.
    If the "-NULL" is specified in a command line, added and dviout starts, the Registry settings can not overwritten nor changed.
    Furthermore, if [Save] is pressed on each property sheet, the read parameters are saved in the Registry.

    The setting format for Parameters to be read by dviout is given by "Option -> All parameters".

    Generally, a specification has a form of <parameter>=<setting>, and more than one specifications must be delimited by spaces or new lines. A - may be added before <parameter>. Also, instead of =, : can be used. Dviout interprets the specifications in the order of them. If the same parameters are set, they are overwritten.
    There are four kinds of parameter format:

    1. Parameters specifying integers such as -dpi: and -br:
    2. Parameters specifying lengths such as -LM: and -OX:
    3. Parameters specifying strings such as -TEXPK: and -gsx:
    4. Parameters specifying ON or OFF such as -gbox: and -varf:

    For details, see the parameter list or use the ? button on each property sheet to get information of each parameter.

    Note: Sometimes parameters specifying integers are set by selecting buttons assigned meanings and not by numbers on the property sheet.

    If an integer is specified, in addition to decimal numbers, octal and hexadecimal numbers can be used. For example, when lengths are specified as in


    the units of mm, cm, in (inch, 1 inch = 25.4 mm), and pt (point, 1 in = 72.27 pt), dot/<number>dpi. For example, when the string


    is set, if special characters such as spaces or new lines are included, the string is enclosed by single quotes (') or double quotes (") (however, the string may not contain single quotes or double quotes). The ^$ string represents the null string.

    When the parameter represents ON or OFF, on is specified by "+" and off by "-". If the settings are not specified, ON and OFF are reversed (toggle switch).

    The file containing the Parameter settings in the format output by "Option -> All parameters" is read by the following methods.

    1. dviout -=<parameter_file>

    is read in at start-up. (If -NULL is added, reading the parameters from the
    Registry is skipped.)

    Note: The -= is equivalent to -file=. Another parameter file is read from a parameter file being read. The nesting can reach seven levels.

    2.The parameter file is selected from the "Option -> Read Parameters" in the menu bar.

    3.In "Property Sheets->[System]", write the file name directly in -file: and press [OK]. (When [Save] is pressed, automatic reading at start-up is set.)

    The window opened in the Property Sheets input box, "Help -> Information" or "Option -> All Parameters" has editing functions almost identical to those in Notepad.
    In particular, by clicking the right button of the mouse after specifying the range, copying between another editor (or a small editor opened from Menu Bar->View Menu) and a window is possible.

    There are some cases when many people are sharing one machine such as under Windows NT.

    1. Create a dviout.par file in the directory containing dviout (or a Windows directory) and specify default
    Parameters in that file. (After set various parameters in the property sheet, then edit them in "Option -> Non-default parameters" and finally output them to a file by output of parameter setting.)

    2. Some of the users might want to change parameters from the default. In such a case, change the parameters in "Option -> Setup parameters," and save in the Registry. Then select the [REGISTRY] sheet, mark the + to the parameters he wants to change (at first, all the item on the table might be marked with +'s. Then press
    the [All clear] button to clear all the +'s. After that, mark the items +'s he wants to change.), and press the save button.

    dviout first reads the parameter file, followed by reading the Registry settings. Then the parameter values are overwritten with values in the Registry.

    The following methods replace the Parameter values by the several settings made beforehand.

    1. The
    [REGISTRY] of Property Sheets is used to set the parameters to a different mode. This can be switched by "Option -> Mode" in the Menu Bar.

    2.Several parameter files are prepared and selected from "Option -> Read Parameters" in the menu bar. (The parameter file can be created with an easy-to-understand file name with the par extension in the directory containing dviout.exe. Refer to "Output of Parameter Setting".)

    The contents of the Registry related to dviout are all erased by "Option -> Uninstall."

    When there is a version upgrade, since the uninstall of the new dviout also acts on the older dviout, the new dviout.exe, dviout.hlp, and dviout.cnt overwrite and are installed. Execute uninstall and then the Install procedure can begin.

    Refer to the "Uninstall" item.

    Pressing ? in the property sheet and clicking the left button of the mouse on the appropriate Parameter often displays the description of that parameter, so refer to the description.

    When the
    [Help] button on a property sheet of the relevant parameters is pressed, the displayed description may be checked.

    If there is a file named dviout.par in the dviout directory, dviout reads the parameters from the file when start-up.

    If the corresponding
    Parameters are set "Read" (a "+" mark) in the Property Sheet->[REGISTRY] page, then the parameters are also read from the Windows Registry and overwritten. (If the default is null, then a null value is written.)

    To have the parameter file take precedence over the Registry, cancel the aforementioned "Read from Registry" setting, or set the -file: parameter (Property Sheet->[System] page) to the parameter file.

    - Read in the Image data file.
    - The size read in of the image data file is incorrect (Q_O1).
    - Image data file specials
    - Failure in the image display using PostScript (Q_O9).
    - Handling color image data (Q_O2).
    - The colored display for color image data is wrong (Q_O17).
    - Displaying color images is extremely slow (cf. -gfit:).
    - Parts of the lines in the image being Previewed disappear (Q_O16).
    - Want to also use color Ghostscript images in black and white (Q_O14)
    - LaTeX2e graphic packages are used (Q_O18).
    - tpic specials are used.
    - The displayed page is saved as a BMP file (Q_O7)

    Be careful when using the -gsize: option or parameters like clip in PostScript \specials that may be affected by magnification by magstep or -mag:.

    Note that there may be problems when the size of the imported image is specified by using graphics.sty in the LaTex2e graphic package. So use graphicx.sty instead of that.

    Even in PostScript files, some Encapsulated PostScript Files (EPSF) do not have proper format (such as %%BoundingBox: specifications at the beginning of the file).
    In this case, the size specification in a PostScript \special does not work properly.

    If a BMP format with 16 or more colors is specified in (Property Sheets->[Graphic]->) -GIF: for PostScript color image files, the Preview can be in color. However, displaying and scrolling become slow.

    A 256-color BMP format would be suitable for previews. Note that you should select a mode with over 60,000 colors in the Windows display settings if possible. Since many colors are used in a gray scale display in parts outside of the image (cf. Q_V8), much many colors are required for both of text and images.

    The size of a color BMP file is very large. The memory and hard disk must have sufficient room. For a preview using a high-resolution font such as 600 dpi, check -gfit: to on.

    When you use a color printer for Windows, the above images are printed in color by a Windows driver (remove the dviout check in the Printing dialog).

    When -GIF: is set to monochrome, color differences are represented in gradations. A non-color printer will express them with in differences of dot density. If you send the color image to a non-color printer, the printed result depends on the option settings of the employed Windows driver.

    Uncompressed color BMP image files are also handled.

    When "Save as image" in File Menu in the Menu Bar is selected, the currently displayed page is saved to a file in BMP format. The saved page gray scale when antialiasing is in effect, and colors as in HyperTeX documents or after string search.

    However, color images which has more than black and white are not properly handled, nor colored or reversed (in black/white) characters generated by LaTeX2e graphics package.

    1. Is On checked in Ghostscript in "Property Sheets->[Graphic]" ?

    2. When Unknown special:... is displayed
    Use a \special that is supported by dviout (cf. "Image data files").

    3. When unable to open is displayed
    The PostScript file that should be read is not found (be careful when setting -gdat:).

    4. When a display appears like Ghostscript cannot be executed such as "Cannot execute gswin32(2)"
    Check the -gsx: specification.

    5. When Failed to make foo.pbm ... or foo.bmp ... is displayed
    Use Ghostscript to indicate that the image data files cannot be created from a PostScript file. The causes are

    - An invalid library path for Ghostscript was set. (Refer to the Ghostscript manual and check the setting of environment variables.)
    - There were parameters that cannot be processed by Ghostscript or there were bad PostScript files (Many graphic software and Windows PostScript drivers output wrong EPSF files).
    - A Ghostscript is used that does not support the output of raw PBM files (or BMP files) specified by -GIF: (Q_E4), or there was an error in a file write (be careful with the current directory or -gdat: settings).
    - in -gsx: specification of Ghostscript's path, space character can not be used.

    For example, when "parameter file:" is tmp$.@@@ and the executable file is c:\gstools\gs4.03\gswin32c.exe, open the MS-DOS window, move to the directory containing the dvi files, and execute the following. The displayed messages may be useful in understanding the causes of errors.

    c:\gstools\gs4.03\gswin32c @tmp$.@@@

    When monochrome PBM or monochrome BMP is specified in (Property Sheets->[Graphic]->) -GIF: for PostScript color image files, the Preview is in black and white using gray scale even if the original image is colored.

    When monochrome PBM is specified for monochrome in the [Graphic] of Property Sheet, the file name created by Ghostscript is different than the one for color. Therefore, both files can remain without overwriting.

    Although more space in the hard disk is required, it would be useful to use both monochrome and color appropriately depending on the situation.

    When Previewing, sometimes some parts of the lines in the read in PostScript image disappear. This is because the color BMP image created by Ghostscript is compressed by a function provided by Windows and displayed (this is due to the Windows specifications).

    A displayed image enlarged with 1:1 magnification, such as loupe, does not produce these kinds of problems. In addition, since monochrome images are compressed in the gray scale and displayed on the dviout side without relying on Windows, the lines may not disappear even if reduced.

    Set -gfit: to ON.

    Select 256 colors of BMP or higher in -GIF: of "Property Sheets->[Graphic]".

    Usually, even when the Windows display setting is in 256 colors, a 256-color image is not displayed properly in dviout. The reason is the following.

    The Windows system itself is using colors for other process already, and dviout also uses a maximum of 112 colors (of 16.77 million colors) with a 16-level gray scale displaying (each level has 7 colors). Therefore, the rest of the 256-color resource is not sufficient for another process of displaying with 256-color images.

    If the image data has 256 colors, select more than 65,535 colors in the Windows view setting.

    When graphicx.sty or graphics.sty or color.sty in LaTeX2e graphics package is used, dviout can understand the dvi file output for dvips. You can employ colored character strings, rotating and scaling (colored) character strings or images, and include color image data of EPS files.

    Rotating colored images is only possible in 90, 180, and 270 degrees. Scaling fonts created or downloaded by LBP under
    dviprt Printing is not supported.

    If the dviout.def driver for the included graphics package is used, importing PBM, BMP and monochrome GIF images (and many other graphic files with Susie plug-in) can also be handled. This driver is compatible to dvips.def, so PostScript files can be handled as with dvips.def.

    Refer to "Examples using PostScript specials" (or more precisely, grfguide.tex in graphics package or the document of dviout.dtx typeset by LaTeX2e in the package of dviout).

    dviout does not smooth figures in rotating by graphics packages in LaTeX2e or scaling character strings and figures not in PostScript.

    If you want a better print output, use PostScript printer with a dvi driver specially for PostScript.

    - Registering dviout on the desktop (Q_O5).
    - I don't want run more than one dviout. (-multi:).
    - How to assign proper icons to dvi files and run dviout by double-clicking on them (i.e., Associating dvi files with dviout).
    - I want to make dviout to Link to Other Programs such as editors.
    - What are the external files and environment variables referenced by dviout (Q_O19)?
    - What is the Current Directory for dviout for Windows?
    - Want to specify the dviout location as the reference in each file specification(Q_O21).
    - How to change the directory (folder) where dviout for Windows is installed (Q_O26).

    In the Explorer, open the directory containing dviout.exe. Press the right button of the mouse on the dviout.exe icon, drag to the desired desktop position, and release the button. Then click "Make shortcut".

    Shortcuts to dviout.exe can be created, and comments can be edited and changed by clicking the left button of the mouse.

    dviout.hlp : dviout on-line help file.
    dviout.cnt : contents file for on-line help.
    dviout.par : When this is in the directory containing dviout or in the Windows system directory, it is interpreted as the parameter file and read in. It can also be called dviout.ini.
    dviout.vfn : This is the name of the default Japanese font definition file. It is not needed when only the Windows TrueType Japanese fonts are usually used.
    dviout.gss : When this is in the directory containing dviout, it is referenced when
    [Guess] guesses the location of the font.
    ***.cfg : Printer definition file (normally not used)
    template :File defining the font creation method. The file name is valid when specified by -gen:.

    The TEXPK, TEXFONTS, TEXKNJ, and TEXFLI Parameters can be defined by environment variables.
    If the TEXCFG environment variable is present, dviout.par is searched even in that directory. If the TEMP or TMP environment variable is present, this is interpreted as the directory for creating the temporary files.

    When files like -vfn: or -TEXPK: are specified, the directory where dviout is installed can be specified as the standard.

    If "^x" is added at the beginning of the path name, it is replaced by the dviout installation directory. For example, if dviout.exe was installed in c:\dviout, the setting


    is identical to the



    The directory (folder) for dviout for Windows can be renamed or moved.

    If the files referenced by dviout (fonts etc.) are moved, however, the setting in the
    Property sheets must be changed accordingly.

    Filenames relative from the dviout directory need not be changed if dviout is moved in the same manner (Q_O21).

    - NO_FONT: *** (Q_E1)
    - Unpack_Error: Illegal font ID: - c:/font/pk/300/cmr10.tfm(..) (Q_E2)
    - Warning: Cannot find cmr10.tfm for TT Font (Q_E3)
    - Ghostscript is started, but "Unknown device" is displayed. The images of PostScript files are not imported (Q_E4).
    - TEXPK corresponds..., which is not a jfm file! TEXPK maybe wrong(Q_E5).
    - Not enough memory(Q_E8).
    - Since this program performs illegal processing, it is forcibly terminated (Q_E7).
    - The warning message window is complicated (Q_E9).

    The fonts used by the dvi file are not found.
    The information about the font that was searched for will be displayed. Check the settings such as

    Even if the fonts really do not exist, by using -F: to specify a substitute font, displaying or printing is still possible (Handling Missing Fonts).

    The best solution is creating fonts or revising -TEXPK:. For European language fonts, the Automatic Font Generation function for nonexistent fonts can be used (METAFONT starts and the generated font is stored by the procedure set by -gen:).

    Note: The displayed path names are the path name searched by dviout based on -TEXPK:. They are not only for required file names.

    You can examine the font information by "Help -> Font Information"

    The Japanese font jfm file is specified in -TEXPK:. But if the tfm files for European language fonts appear, an error will result.
    European language tfm files should not appear, like cmr10.tfm, in the display message.

    A European language TrueType font is used, but the corresponding tfm file (in this example, cmr10) was not found.

    The character alignment information is obtained only from *.ttf, there might be some offsets in the character positions. Set the correct directory for the *.tfm tfm files in -TEXFONTS: (unlike -TEXPK:, the font names should not be included).

    The output format (Device), such as pbmraw, gifmono, bmpraw, bmp16, bmp256, and bmp16m, in Ghostscript is supported. This must correspond to the -GIF: setting.

    Note that due to the patent issue, version 2.6.2 and later versions of Ghostscript does not support the output in the GIF format.

    The Japanese font jfm file is specified in -TEXPK:, but an error occurs when another European language font tfm file is also specified.

    Specify the directory only containing the Japanese font jfm file in -TEXPK: (create if needed). Be careful when \\ is used.

    A String Search only examines the dvi files. Expecting 100% accuracy is impossible and the results are incorrect.

    For English words, rather short words are avoided in a word unit search. This reduces the possibility of incorrect searches.

    For dvi files by NTTjTeX, Japanese string searches are not supported.

    This error has a high probability of being a problem in dviout for Windows.

    If there seem to be problems in dviout, notify the developers or the
    dviout Users Group with information about the start-up state and how to reproduce the problem.

    The memory required to operate dviout cannot be allocated. The font resolutions, the paper size, etc. affect greatly the required memory size.

    For example, when
    Printing by a 600 dpi printer on the A3 paper size, a minimum 8 Mbyte memory is needed for the page expansion buffer, and a minimum 8 Mbyte memory is needed for transferring BMP format data.

    It is desirable to use a computer that has sufficient usable memory. Memory consumption by other application programs also affects the performance of dviout.

    When "View -> Warning" in the tool bar is selected and the check is removed, the window for a warning message display no longer opens.

    Since the message is recorded, when this window is opened by "Help -> Information," for example, going back and looking at the message is possible. Even is the above check is removed, if this window remains open, its message is displayed.

    The ON and OFF states of this check are not inherited in the next dviout after dviout ends.

    - The result of a String Search is incorrect.
    - "Help Topics" is only displayed by keywords, and a table of contents is not output.
    - dviout freezes when trying Automatic Font Generation or starting Ghostscript (Q_O23).
    - dviout reports errors and does not start up normally
    - Known Problems
    - The settings conformed to the description, but the operation was poor.

    The state capable of displaying and printing in dviout is entered (Install).
    The device drivers used in TeX for Windows by Impress becomes executable files with names like windvi.exe, windvi32.exe, wdvipro.exe, and wdvip32.exe. When dviout replaces these files by ones with the same names, dviout can be used in an integrated environment for TeX for Windows.

    For example, when wdvipro.exe is used, the dviout.exe file name changes to wdvipro.exe and is only copied to the directory containing wdvipro.exe (wdvipro.exe is set to another name like wdviprold.exe to prevent overwriting and deletion).
    If the dviout.hlp, dviout.cnt, wdvipro.hlp, and wdvipro.cnt names are changed and placed in the same directory, help can also be used.

    Each type of editor macro developed using TeX for Windows can also be used.

    If you have result which is different from the description in the help file, you might have made some mistakes. The possibilities are followings:

    1. Misreading of the description
    2. Mistakes in the description
    3. dviout bugs
    4. Windows 95 or NT bugs

    Cases for 3 and 4 might only occur under special settings of dviout or the environment in Windows 95 or NT.

    If you can specify your problem is due to 2, 3 or 4, please report them to the
    dviout Users Group or the developers. In this case, please describe details about the states so that they can be reproduced by the developers. This would make it easier to find the problem, then the problem might be solved in a rather short time.

    Dviout uses various low-level processing functions supported by the Windows system. During the development, the developers have already encountered some of such low-level bugs or problems. Most of them has been already solved by dviout's functions.

    The Source Code of dviout is publicly available. So, when you think that your problem is due to item 3, it would be extremely helpful if you can fix the source.

    When only the keywords and not the table of contents appear in "Help -> Help Topics," the Windows help system might not be able to find the dviout.cnt file.

    The information in the dviout.gid hidden file (file created automatically by Windows) in the directory containing dviout.exe might be in error.

    When the directory is c:\dviout and

    attrib c:\dviout\dviout.*

    is specified in the DOS window, the existence of that file can be verified.

    This can be handled by deleting

    attrib -H c:\dviout\dviout.gid
    del c:\dviout\dviout.gid

    In the Explorer, switching the radio button "display all files(S)" ON in a tag appeared by "display menu bar(V) -> Option(O)", the above deletion is also possible.

    On some Windows systems/machines, dviout seems to be freezed when launching METAFONT or Ghostscript.

    Not that this is not dviout is hanging; it's just waiting for the launched program to return.

    This problem, probably due to the Windows system, can be solved in one of the following ways.

    1. Click the METAFONT or Ghostscript icon on the Windows task bar to open the window.

    2. Set -Wshow: to ON.

    3. If mktexpk or MakeTeXPK is indicated in -gen:, set its full pathname with the extension .exe and some parameters following after `.

    4. Kill the launched program (seen on the task bar).

    If the Windows Registry becomes inconsistent for some reason, dviout may report errors on startup and deny further operation including modification of Parameters. In this case, invoke dviout from the command line thus:

    dviout -NULL

    This should start dviout without reading parameters from the Registry. You may need to type the full path of the dviout if it is not in the command search path.

    - I want to define a function such as the page jump to a key.
    - What buttons on the tool bar are displayed for the user?
    - Erase the name of an old dvi file in the list of files.
    - In the TeX for Windows by Impress, dviout is used when previewing or printing.
    - What is HyperTeX?
    - A dvi file on the Internet is displayed by dviout.
    - In a preview window, consult words or sentences by a dictionary or execute URL.
    - I want to display more information when adjusting the Parameters.
    - Why doesn't dviout recognize paper size?
    - I want to expand the function.
    - Source Code of dviout

    If "Option -> Install" has already been executed, making the initial settings of the Parameters by "Option->Install" again and registering the dviout to the start-up menu do not interfere.

    When different settings are made, only the previous settings are rewritten. "Option -> Uninstall" is not needed.

    If the directory (folder) containing dviout for Windows was changed, "Option -> Install" should probably be executed again.

    When the Japanese font in NTTjTeX is replaced by the Windows TrueType font, specify the Font Metric File of a Japanese font of ASCII pTeX, such as min10.tfm, in -TEXPK:, and set -ntt: to on. The -L: setting does not truncate the file name or the middle must be cut out.

    To define a new Japanese font in NTTjTeX use the -nttF: option.

    This button allows the user to redefine a function. Since the last "Button" of Key: in "Property Sheets->[Key]]" handles this, the left Function: can be selected and the function defined.

    Note that the user can also redefine functions on the other 5 buttons (User1,...,User5) adjacent to this button. There are 6 buttons in Tool Bar on which the user can redefine functions.

    [Save] can be used to register in the Registry, "-key:" can be added to [Auto Load] in [REGISTRY], and then the settings can become the defaults by using [Save] in [REGISTRY] (cf. Q_S1).

    Associating dvi files with dviout, if the Internet Explorer reads a dvi file with the dvi extension, dviout is automatically started and Preview or Print it.

    When the jump destination in the HyperTeX displayed in dviout is a dviout file on the Internet, click the left button of the mouse to automatically display by dviout.

    For example, when the "B" key is pressed, returning to the previous page is done as follows.

    1. Select "Option -> Setup Parameters... -> Key".

    2. Select "Previous Page" in the Function: box. Selection "B" in the Key: box. Press [Define].

    3. Press
    [Apply] to adapt to the current session.

    4. Press [Save] to save to the Registry. The definitions become the defaults in subsequent uses.
    In the [REGISTRY] sheet, check the parameters with + added at the beginning of the key items in the list box. (If they are not marked, use the [Auto Load] key to add + and press the [Save] in [REGISTRY] key.)

    Note: Since the keys are distinguished by uppercase and lowercase letters, to assign the same function to "b" after performing 2 above, select "b" in the Key: box and press "Define."

    In 3 and 4 above, defining or changing all of the key functions may be executed only once.

    \special commands are being planned to be functions that can be fairly freely defined and used by the user.

    In addition, various functions may be demanded. The
    Source Code is publicly available. Based on this, users can freely add functions.

    If you believe that including useful functions and making improvements to the public version of dviout would be beneficial, do not hesitate to contact "the developer" or "the dviout Users Group".

    The dviout source code is publicly available along with the executables.

    Borland C 5.01J was used to create the executable file dviout.exe in the current version of dviout for Windows. If this C compiler is properly installed, dviout.exe can be created as follows (VC++ can also be used).

    1. Extract the dviout source files in an appropriate directory.

    2. At the beginning of the makefile is


    Change this to where Borland C is installed.

    3. The directory where the source is expanded in the MS-DOS prompt window is set as the current directory. When make is executed, dviout.exe is created.

    The help file is generated using
    MakeHelP from dviout.mhp. Use hcw.exe for the help compiler. (hc31.exe generates errors.)

    Note 1. The file dviout.cnt in the distribution package is a hand-modified version of what MakeHelP generates. Be aware that when MakeHelP is executed, dviout.cnt is overwritten.

    Note 2. If you distribute a modified version of dviout.exe, make sure to state clearly that it is not the original Distribution. If the definition of the VERSION_NO of version.h is rewritten, the display by "Help -> About dviout" also changes. The strings in the dialog of IDD_ABOUTDIALOG in dviout.rc can be appropriately modified.

    Note 3. VC++ (versions 4 or 5) can also be used. Use

    If dviout for Windows is started from a command line with the "-wait=0" option, the following results are useful when adjusting the Parameters.

    - A warning is often displayed at each problem location.

    - The temporary parameter file that is passed when starting Ghostscript is not deleted and remains.

    Dvi files, which TeX outputs, do not contain information on paper size (such as A4, B5) or orientation (such as landscape). On the other hand, in dvi files by LaTeX, these information are specified.

    Sometimes even if a dvi file does have a size entry, it may not be the actual paper size. (It may even be zero!) This is why dviout does not set the paper size automatically from the dvi file. It is up to the user to specify the paper size and orientation in the Property Sheet->
    [Paper] page.

    To delete a dvi filename from the File menu in Menu Bar and the history (File->History), select the file from File->History, press [Hide], then quit dviout. The next invocation of dviout does not show the filename on the File menu.

    If dviout is killed by File->Quit, the dvi history record is not updated.

    These techniques are useful after reading dvi files from floppy disks and other removable media.

    By clinking the left mouse button while pushing SHIFT key, a word or sentence pointed by the mouse cursor is picked up.

    In an edit window appeared, by pushing [Clipboad], the word or sentence is copied to Windows' clipboard and then you can consult its meaning by a suitable dictionary or paste it to an editor.

    If the word or sentence has a special meaning defined by Windows such as URL, an executable file or a graphic file etc., pushing [Execute] makes Windows handle it suitably. For example,

    means to jump there by WWW browser,

    means to execute a program to write a mail and


    means to display this picture if it exists.


    Various parameters when starting dviout are read in the order given below. If the settings conflict within those files, the latest read one will become effective.

    1. dviout.par parameter file in the directory where dviout.exe exists.
    If this is not found, the Windows directory is also searched.
    2. Setting items written in the
    Registry specified to be read automatically.
    3. Settings in the environment variables
    4. Specifications on the command line

    When the parameter file name in -file: in the parameters is specifically written, that parameter file is read when the file name is interpreted.

    See Q_S3 for the parameter file format.

    If the -NULL option parameter is specified on the command line, reading from the Registry will be skipped.

    List of all the parameters can be shown in the Parameter List.


    The search range for the fonts handling the required resolutions is enlarged (cf.
    Property Sheets->[Font2]).Zero or a positive integer is specified.

    The resolution of the font calculated by dviout and the font name are used to obtain the required font based on the -TEXPK: specification. The resolution value is rounded off to an integer and substituted in ^d or ^l in -TEXPK: Since there are problems with the difference, a total of the three closest values above and below are searched
    for. This search range is expanded only by the number specified in "-A:".


    The above setting expands the search range up to seven values above and below.


    When printing uses a Windows printer driver, the driver's default value is used for the width of the unprintable region (Property Sheets->
    [Printer]). If this does not properly adjust the print positions, uncheck the box and adjust with -LM: or -TM:.

    When a built-in dviout driver is used, this parameter is ignored and the -LM: and -TM: settings are followed.

    This parameter is set ON or OFF.


    The base line of each character is displayed (
    Property Sheets->[System]). This parameter switches only ON/OFF.
    This can be used for checks such as proofreading.


    This is the maximum allowable size of the buffer for enlarging the image of a page (
    Property Sheets->[System]). This is specified by a positive integer.


    This is the cache buffer size for a font file such as the PK font (
    Property Sheets->[System]). This is specified by a positive integer.


    This represents the width of the unprintable area at the bottom of the paper. This parameter is specified as a length.

    Usually, this setting would not be necessary (cf.
    Property Sheets-> [Printer]).


    "-BMP:" is the option specified on the command line or in the parameter file. The setting is made in the
    [Display] of Property Sheets.

    When "-BMP:<x>:<y>:<z>" is set, the gray scale display is compressed by 1/<x> in the horizontal direction and 1/<y> in the vertical direction. The <z>/1000 performs gamma correction.
    If -<z> is set instead of <z>, the screen is displayed in reverse the black/white.

    If ":<z>" is omitted, the interpretation is "<z>=800". If ":<y>:<z>" is omitted, the interpretation is <y>=<x>. The default is



    The range occupied by the characters is changed to a box to replace the characters (
    Property Sheets->[System]). This parameter takes a value ON or OFF.
    It would be useful for checks such as proofreading.


    This is the cache buffer size holding the bitmaps of each character (
    Property Sheets->[System]). This is specified by a positive integer.


    This adjusts the brightness of the paper surface in the
    Preview. The maximum brightness of 255 is the default (Property Sheets->[Display]). A positive integer of 255 or less is specified.


    When there is an external reference by
    HyperTeX, or when using a browser not supported by default by the Windows system (when Property Sheets->[HyperTeX]->non-default Browser is checked), the path name should be specified.


    This links the default of a tool bar button to a jump such as "Forward/Backward History" (
    Property Sheets->[System]). This parameter has a value ON or OFF.


    When the "-c:" option is turned ON, the match of the font written in the dvi file to the font actually loaded is examined by using the checksum data (
    Property Sheets->[Font2]). This parameter takes a value ON or OFF.

    If there is no match, a message like

    check sum doesn't match in Font 35:

    is displayed.
    The number after "Font" is the font number in the dvi file (cf. Information display -> Font Information).

    This error means that the tfm file used by TeX does not match the data in the loaded font that was actually loaded. This error occurs when the versions of the two files are not the same.


    This parameter determines how the colors of characters and lines are superimposed. It takes an integer parameter with the values of 0, 1, 2, or 3 (
    Property Sheets->[Graphic]). Corresponds to -gow: for images.

    0 (auto mode): Normal operation is to REPLACE (hide the bottom color when painting over). However, if it is guessed that erasing the lower color is not needed, it is painted over and not erased.

    1 (merge) : When painting over, the colors mix (when the r suboption is not included in color specials). When mixed, the color gets closer to the normal character color (black when not the reverse screen).

    2 (replace(def)): Always process by REPLACE. Antialiasing is performed with respect to the default background (paper) color.

    3 (replace(bak)): Always process by REPLACE. The color before the previous push is considered to be the background color and antialiasing is performed.

    4 (patch) : Replace by Windows API. This is slow in display but may be faster in Printing. dviprt Printing is not valid.

    Note: Colored characters undergo antialiasing (gray scale when black and white). The blurring of color characters on the reduced Preview view is eliminated. Since some problems cannot be handled by REPLACE, the character outline becomes a faint color.

    When Printing, always process by REPLACE for "auto mode".


    When -color: is set to on, colors can be assigned to characters and lines by \specials given below(
    Property Sheets->[Graphic]).

    color push gray x
    color push rgb x y z
    color push cmyk x y z n
    color push hsb x y z
    color push color
    color pop

    are supported. "x", "y", "z", and "n" are real numbers between 0 and 1. "color" is assigned any one of 68 colors, such as black, white, red, green, blue, cyan, magenta, yellow. In "<col>", the color specification after the "push" above it is used.Spaces and commas delimit the color specifications.

    If colors are painted over by the AND operator, for example, yellow on top of green is not visible, but turns to black when red is drawn. If the "r" suboption is added at the end of each special, replace is used to make replacements. However, white is always replaced (cf. -cmode:).

    The color specifications for dvips are handled by graphicx.sty in LaTeX2e. When "Display -> Color replace" is checked in the tool bar, the default is replaced.

    Note: These definitions are considered to be independent on each page.


    This sets the
    dpi value for the resolution in the horizontal direction of the font used (Property Sheets->[Resolution]).This is specified by a positive integer.

    If the resolution in the vertical direction (-dpiv:) is not set, the vertical resolution is regarded as the same resolution as the horizontal direction.


    This sets the resolution in the vertical direction. If it is not set, the horizontal resolution specified by
    -dpi: is regarded as same as the vertical resolution (Property Sheets->[Resolution]).


    If this parameter is specified, the dviout printer driver are invoked instead of the Windows driver for printing. Or it specifies command for calling another program such as the console version of dviprt for printing.

    Changing the defaults of printing
    If a plus sign (+) is added to the beginning of -dviprt: in the [Printer] of Property Sheets, the default becomes printing based on the dviprt settings.
    The leading "+" is removed in the display when reading [Setup...] from the print dialog. Do not add it, in usual case. Although this can be changed, the change is considered to be a temporary one-time change and is not registered.

    Using built-in dviout print drivers
    When the beginning is ` or +` , printing is done by the built-in drivers. The function is determined by the following characters (based on the specification following the -p= in the MS-DOS version).
    ESC/P compatible output (default of 180 dpi).
    PC-PR compatible output (default of 160 dpi).
    NM compatible output (default of 300 dpi).
    LIPS III/IV compatible output (default of 300 dpi) Subsequent suboptions can be specified..
    LIPS IV compatible output (default of 600 dpi) A semicolon (;) is inserted and subsequent suboptions can be specified.
    ESC/Page compatible output (default of 300 dpi) Subsequent suboptions can be specified.
    A specification for an external configuration file follows.
    If "e", "p", "n", "l", "m", and "o" above are uppercase letters, they are not dviout settings, but use the default resolution (dpi) defined for each one.
    The suboptions can be specified for LIPS III/IV and ESC/Page LBP Drivers.

    Controlling external programs
    If the beginning is not ` or +` , the execution command is indicated. Specifically, a batch file is created and is responsible for processing.
    However, when this is not multiple statements, but is only one line and the end of the first command, excluding the command's parameters, is ".exe", the batch file is not created and the command is directly executed.
    The following keywords can be used.
    Represents the newline in multiple statements.
    Full path name of the temporary files that can be freely used (If the environment variable TMP or TEMP is set, this is the directory. If they are not set, the path name is the "dvitmp.$$$" directory containing dviout.)
    Full path name of the target dvi file
    Printing range in the dviprt format (For dual page printing, macros are also included.)
    This represents dviout.exe^-=^f^^q^^p.
    File writing out the option parameters (Determines the parameters required by dviout from -harf:, -mag:, -lc:, -Z:, -OX:, -OY:, -varf:, -e:, -o:, -y:, and -nf:. For example, -OX: judged to be required when it is not zero. However, -y: is always included.)
    Specifically, this is the dvitmp.par file in the same directory as ^t.
    Represents space. If the next character is not a letter, the "s" can be omitted.
    Start page (logical page)
    Stop page (logical page)
    Start page (physical page)
    Stop page (physical page) )
    Number of copies (corresponds to -lc:)
    Reduction/magnification ratio(corresponds to -e:)
    Displays the selections by "Option for Paging" in the print dialog (number from 0 to 5)
    Indicates the position of the right page in dual page printing (corresponds to W: in the print dialog, width represented in cm like 14.85 cm)
    Paper size and orientation (corresponds to -y:, "A4P", etc.)
    Horizontal position adjustment (corresponds to -OX:, cm format such as 1.25cm)
    Vertical position adjustment (corresponds to -OY:, cm format)
    Page printing order (corresponds to -o:, any of the six choices "r", "o", "e", "re", "ro" or space)
    Directory containing the dviout to be started
    If -dviprt: is a space or only a plus sign (+), the defaults are set. Refer to "Example of dviprt Settings" and the manual for the dviprt being used.


    The vertical and horizontal sizes are magnified or reduced. A variable-size font like a Windows TrueType font is magnified and reduced accordingly. The vertical and horizontal sizes are converted to 1/1000 of the set value (
    Property Sheets->[Resolution]). This parameter takes a positive integer.

    When magnifying or reducing to match "-e:" for all of the fonts, -varf: is specified.


    -F: specification specifies how to make a substitution, to blank out or skip when the required font are missing (in a search based on -TEXPK:) (Property Sheets->[Font]). This is specified in a string.


    In relation to font substitution by
    -F:, this specifies whether to use a substitute font, correct the size if the substitute font has a different size, or replace with spaces or black boxes (Property Sheets->[Font]).

    This is an integer type variable and is specified by a number in the parameter file.

    0(replace): Use the substitute font specified by -F.
    1(blank): Blank out with spaces based on the substitute font specified by -F.
    2(black box): Draw a black box based on the substitute font specified by -F.
    3(adjust size): Adjusts the size when a substitute font specified by -F is used, but the size is magnified or reduced for a different resolution (dpi).


    This specifies the parameter file read by dviout (cf.
    When specified in the [System] of Property Sheets and set to be read at start-up, after the parameters are read from the Registry, this parameter file is read and overwritten.

    When ^x is added at the beginning of the path name, it is replaced by the directory where dviout is installed. Likewise, ^w is replaced by the Windows directory.

    When started, dviout looks for dviout.par or dviout.ini in the directory containing the dviout.exe. Failing that, it then searches the Windows directory.

    The parameter file can include other files; the nesting can be up to seven levels.


    If this option is set to ON, dviout saves locations of often-used fonts to make dviout start quicker (
    Property Sheets->[Font2]).

    This option is especially useful when the -TEXPK: entry contains a \\ or // construct (for recursive directory search). To erase the record, press [Flush] button.

    If one of the following conditions is met, the font information is not recorded.

    1. When the font filename matches an -TEXPK: entry with two or more \\ or // constructs. (-TEXPK: entries as a whole may contain several of such constructs.)

    2. When the -TEXROOT: or -TEXPK: parameter is altered after startup.

    3. When the font is substituted by the -F: option.

    Dviout maintains a score for each fontname-resolution pair. The score is a nonnegative integer not greater than 255. Up to 250 fonts with high scores are recorded. Whether a font is used is examined when dviout quits. If several fonts have the same current score, dviout steps backward in the history of font usage, until the scores becomes inequal.

    The score is calculated by the following rules:

    1. The score of 64 is given if the font is used for the first time in the record.

    2. If the font in the record is not used this time, the new score will be the last score (at the time of previous quit) times 15, divided by 16, plus 16, rounded down to the nearest integer.

    3. If the font is in the record but not used this time, the score will be the last value times 15 divided by 16, rounded down to the nearest integer.


    The Japanese font for horizontal writing is also substituted for vertical writing(
    Property Sheets->[JFont2]). This parameter takes value of ON or OFF.

    When a Windows TrueType Japanese font for vertical writing uses the API (set in the default [WinJfont]), checking is not used.


    When importing a graphic image, the frame of the image can be displayed (
    Property Sheets->[Graphic]). This parameter takes a vlue of ON or OFF.


    The directory where PBM (produced by
    Ghostscript)or GIF files viewed by dviout can be specified explicitly by "-gdat:" (Property Sheets->[Graphic]).
    The default directory where dviout searches for these image files is the Current Directory (directory containing the dvi file).

    This is also referenced as the search path for files such as EPSF, PS, PBM, GIF, or BMP files read by dviout. More than one directory can be specified with separator ;. The one first specified becomes the directory for storage of the PBM (temporarily created by dviout), GIF, or BMP files .


    When the template file written to set the methods for creating and storing fonts (
    Template for Font Creation) is specified by the gen=<template_file> option, and dviout could not find the font, METAFONT starts and Automatic Font Generation is possible for missing fonts(Property Sheets->[Font2]

    The basic font creation process and environment must be described in the template file. dviout creates the batch file containing data such as the required font name and size conforming to the template file settings, then dviout executes it. Fot these processes, METAFONT is necessary and you should check if it runs properly.

    If a command in one line executes this font generation as in the case of using MakeTeXPK, the command line with adding the letter ` at the head can be directly set in -gen: and it is not necessary to prepare a template file.

    If the METAFONT source cannot be found or there are mistakes in the setting parameters, the needed routines are collected and output to another batch file. Then, by executing this batch file, you can create required fonts manually even if the fonts are not created automatically.


    The PostScript color image is converted into a
    BMP file by Ghostscript. Whether to set generation in the reduced size to on when previewing in the reduced size and using the gray scale is specified (Property Sheet -> [Graphic]).

    This parameter can be set to ON or OFF.

    OFF defects: When the dpi of the used font is large, and if the size of the color BMP file becomes large and some limit is exceeded, it takes an extremely long time to display (this might be due to the Windows specifications).

    Since reduction while displaying is performed by Windows, sometimes lines disappear or blur.

    A lot of the memory and the disk workspace are used.

    ON defects: An image viewed by loupe is actually enlarged and is not clean. If the number of dpi is large, the Windows API may fail to enlarge a colored figure.

    When the preview scale changes or in the case of printing, color BMP is recreated.


    This specifies the format of the image file created and used by dviout using
    Ghostscript. Since it is an integer variable, an integer from 0 to 5 is specified in the parameter file.

    0(raw PBM) : For printer output that is not color or only for black-and-white images.
    1(monochrome GIF): Not supported by the most recent Ghostscript.
    2(monochrome BMP)
    3(16 color BMP)
    4(256 color BMP): For Previews for both color and black-and-white images.
    5(full color BMP): For color Printing using subtle colors.

    The above are started with pbmraw, gifmono, bmpmono, bmp16, bmp256, or bmp16m, respectively, in the -sDEVICE= option in Ghostscript.

    Only the settings supported by the Ghostscript being used can be set. (When the "-help" option is added and Ghostscript is started, the supported image formats are determined.)

    Note: If BMP for many colors is used to handle color images, the available space in the memory and the hard disk must be large (particularly, as the image gets larger).

    Note: When the -sDEVICE=bmp16 option is added and Ghostscript is started, the 16-color BMP format is not used, but only 16 colors in the 256-color BMP format (or something similar) are used.
    In this case, even if there is switching between the 16-color mode and the 256-color mode, dviout does not update BMP files and uses them as 16-color BMP.
    If 16-color BMP is switched to 256-color BMP, delete the 16-color BMP files, or convert from 16-color BMP -> monochrome BMP -> 256-color BMP.


    If this option is set to ON, each image is drawn after erasing the previous content of the canvas area. The default behavior is to keep the previous content (
    Property Sheets->[Graphic]).

    Note that if the option is ON, included EPSF images are always clipped. (cf. PostScript special parameters).

    For characters, set -cmode: to replace for the similar behavior.


    If this option is set to ON, the image generated by EPSF is clipped by its BoundingBox. If
    -gow: is on, this clipping is always valid in spite of the value of -gclip:.


    This specifies the processing for PostScript specials, PS/EPS files, PBM files, GIF files, or
    BMP files.

    The following specifications are possible. (Since this is an integer parameter, the following numbers are specified in the parameter file.)

    0(Off): Ignore

    1(On): Handles EPS/PS files, PS codes, PBM files, GIF files, and the special commands related to PBM files. Ghostscript must be called. If it is not found, the process ends.

    2(verbose): Handles EPS/PS files, PS codes, PBM files, GIF files, and the special commands related to PBM files.

    3(PBM): Ghostscript is not started.
    If the corresponding PBM (or GIF) file is present, use that file. If it does not exist, skip.
    In this case, the scale is changed by appropriate magnification or reduction even if the required Image data file and dot size differ.
    The horizontal size is considered to be equal if the value rounded up to the byte width (8-dot unit) is the same.

    4(exact PBM): Ghostscript will not be invoked.

    If the PBM (or GIF) file containing the size exists, use it. If it does not exist, skip.

    5(gssub): Ghostscript is not started.
    As in 4, if the required image data file does not exist, the gs_exec.bat batch file that converts the EPS/PS file to a PBM or GIF file (read in by dviout) and the gs_exec$.ps PS file are created. The additional program ofgssub.exe is required.

    If gs_exec.bat and gs_exec$.ps already exist, delete gs_exec.bat and gs_exec$.ps before starting when needed since the end of existing contents will be added to.

    Since this batch file that is created converts only files that do not exist from among the required PBM files (or GIF files), if this batch file is started, starting with the next dviout, the PBM files (GIF files) can be directly read.
    However, if images with different sizes are created multiple times from the same EPS file or direct PostScript codes are written in \special, they cannot be handled by the batch file that is created previously.


    The size for reading in an EPS/PS image is set by the PostScript specials parameter. If the magnification of the dvi file is not 1000 (i.e., when


    is in the TeX source), when the read-in size written in the PostScript specials is set to the size after magnification, the "-gsize:" switch is turned on (parameter set to ON or OFF,
    Property Sheets->[Graphic]).

    In particular, if images are read in using epsbox.sty in a dvi file with a magnification other than 1000, specify "-gsize:".

    If epsbox.sty is used, the PostScript specials having the scale conversion for the magnification are created. This can prevent the loss of the correct size by the two scale conversions of this conversion and the scale conversion in dviout.


    Ghostscript used when dviout interprets PostScript has the file name of gswin32.exe. The default is the file in the directory in the path. However, the start-up command for this program with the path can be specified explicitly by -gsx: (Property Sheets->[Graphic]).

    If the long path name has a space character, use the short path name. The path name obtained by pushing [gsx:] button is the short one.

    Parameters of Ghostscript can be specified also. for this, replace the spaces with ^ as the delimiters when specifying. For example,



    This is the size of the string buffer for storing the jump destination or label name in the cache when handling
    HyperTeX (Property Sheets->[HyperTeX]). This parameter is specified by a positive integer.


    This is the number of labels of the jump destination in the cache size when handling
    HyperTeX (Property Sheets->[HyperTeX]). This is specified by a positive integer.


    The text width read from a dvi file is regarded as the horizontal width of the text. This parameter can specify the centering in the horizontal direction of the text based on the horizontal width that is set for the paper (
    Property Sheets->[Paper]). This parameter is specified as a length.


    This is the number of HyperJumps in the cache size when handling
    HyperTeX (Property Sheets->[HyperTeX]). This is specified by a positive integer.


    When the centering in the horizontal direction
    -HC: was specified, this option can define the movement in the horizontal direction after centering (Property Sheets->[Paper]). This parameter is set to ON or OFF.


    This specifies the display format of the string indicating HyperJump in
    HyperTeX ([HyperTeX]). This specified by an integer in the parameter file. (Hexadecimal specifications are useful.)

    The display format of "-hyper:mode" is the same as the -search:. Refer the description there. However, the value of "mode & 0xf00" is ignored.


    This sets the handling of
    HyperTeX specials (Property Sheets->[HyperTeX]).

    0: Default
    1: Ignore HyperTeX specials (disable HyperJump)
    2: Do not display the dialog box even if the HyperJump is to the outside (direct outerjump).

    The above numbers are specified in the parameter file.


    If the <num> number is specified as in "-j:<num>", the position is adjusted so that the base line is lowered only for <num>/1000 times the height of the font from the value calculated from the
    jfm file (cf. Property Sheets->[JFont2]).

    The default is zero. The specification allows a negative value for the integer.


    This sets the substitute for Japanese font characters (
    Property Sheets->[JFont2]).


    In \system<number>, the total number (of definitions) of a converted character is given by a decimal number. \system<new_code> and \system<old_code> are four-digit hexadecimal numbers. JIS codes are converted from the \system<old_code> characters to the \system<new_code> characters.

    By default, both the vertical characters and horizontal characters are converted.
    If "y" is specified, only the horizontal characters are converted. If "t" is specified, only the vertical characters are converted.
    The search starts from the beginning, only the first conversion found is valid.


    This sets the way to truncate a font name longer than eight characters. Since there are restrictions on the length of a file name, this is used in MS-DOS (
    Property Sheets->[Font]).
    In Windows 95 or NT, the default is no truncation. For lcircle10,

    2(Cut no part): lcircle10 -> lcircle10
    0(Cut last part): lcircle10 -> lcircle1
    1(Cut middle part): lcircle10 -> lcirle10

    This is an integer variable. The above numbers are specified in the parameter file.


    This represents the width of the unprintable area on the left side of the paper.This parameter is specified as a length.

    Therefore, the horizontal directions of the print positions in the printer and its dedicated driver are corrected. A temporary adjustment is made by
    -OX:. (Property Sheets -> [Printer])


    This parameter specifies the path name of the log file recording information such as the dviout errors and warnings (
    Property Sheets->[System]).

    When there is only +, the log file is created with the file name dviout.log in the directory containing dviout.exe. On the other hand, if there is -, the log file is not created. This setting can be changed from the Menu Bar.


    When the vertical and horizontal sizes are converted and this is not specified, the value of \magstep written in the dvi file is used (
    Property Sheets->[Resolution]).

    If \magstep is m, the size is 1.2^m times. A font resolution is searched for as a conversion that corresponds to this value.

    The magstep values of 0, 1,..., 9 can be specified in the parameter file. A "-1" indicates the default. The "magstep half" specifies "-half=+".

    Regardless of the current state, the default is always displayed on the [Resolution] in Property Sheets. (Erroneously setting a special magstep at start-up is prevented.) The current mag value can be found by "Help -> Information".


    This option alters the
    current mode, which is specified by a number from 0 to 9. The parameters for that mode are then read from the Windows Registry.

    This option has the same effect as modifying the Option->Mode... settings from the toolbar, but is effective at the next Open or ReNew.

    This parameter can be set at startup as a command-line parameter, or DDE communication. It can be used to start dviout with a mode different from the default which is set on the Property Sheets->[REGISTRY] page.


    This is the maximum number of dviouts that can run at the same time (
    Property Sheets->[System]). This is specified by a positive integer.


    Setting ON -ntt: specification, the Japanese font for pTeX supported by dviout can be used from a dvi file typeset by NTT JTeX (
    Property Sheets->[JFont2]).


    When a NTT JTeX Japanese font is replaced by a pTeX (by ASCII Corp.) Japanese font by the
    -ntt: option, when a new Japanese font is added and defined by \jfont, the added Japanese font name must be taught to the dviout.

    The following option "-nttF:" is used here (Property Sheets->[JFont2]).


    Note that in this option, a name not containing the point number (10, 12, etc.) or the resolution (118, 360, etc.) is specified.


    This sets the correction of the output position in the horizontal direction (
    Property Sheets->[Paper]). This parameter is specified as a length and can be a negative value.


    This sets the correction of the output position in the vertical direction (
    Property Sheets->[Paper]). This parameter is specified as a length and can be a negative value.


    This can set the function that checks whether the displayed dvi file has been changed, and if so, automatically updates the display when returning again to the dviout window after moving to other windows (
    Property Sheets->[System]). This parameter is set to ON or OFF.


    This specifies the width of the unprintable area on the right side of the paper (top in the landscape orientation). This parameter is specified as a length. (cf.
    Property Sheets -> [Printer])


    This adjusts the size, if a Japanese font other than JXL4, such as Windows 95 TrueType Japanese font, is used.
    The default is to adjust to the size proportional to the value set by 1000 (cf.
    Property Sheets->[JFont2]). For example, if 950, there is a 5% reduction. This is specified by a positive integer.


    This sets the display mode of the four views of "Display -> View1,..., View4".This can be set by "
    Property Sheets -> [Display]".


    can be set (same specification as in the parameter file).<x1>:<y1>:<z1> corresponds to View1, and the others are the same. Similar to -BMP:, these three numbers represent the reduction in the horizontal direction, the reduction in the vertical direction, and the gamma correction (+screen reverse).


    This sets the maximum resolution (
    dpi in gray scale) that allows coloring the strings by HyperTeX or in a string search (Property Sheets->[Search]). This is specified by a positive integer.

    To save the memory, the default is set to 150.

    An image seen in a loupe cannot be colored these highlight.


    This specifies the display format of the strings found by a string search (

    When -search:mode,

    mode & 0x8000 = 0: box The whole box or the character inside or the frame is colored.
    mode & 0x8000 = 0x8000 : This draws a colored line (usually, mode & 0x80 = 0x80)
    In addition,
    (mode & 0x4000)?: In vertical writing, is the line on the right side?
    (mode & 0x2000)?: In horizontal writing, are there overbars and no underlining?
    (mode & 0x1000)?: In horizontal writing, is the underlining at the bottom?

    mode & 0x02 = 0 : fill box
    2 : draw boundary

    mode & 0x0c = 0 : or color
    4 : set color
    8 : reverse (ignore : mode & 0xf0)

    mode & 0x80 = 0 : background
    0x80 : foreground

    mode & 0xf0 =
    color box (with gray characters in black)
    0x00: original 0x10: yellow box 0x20: magenta box
    0x30: red box 0x40: cyan box 0x50: blue box
    0x60: green box 0x70: black box

    color characters (gray scaled with a white background)
    0x80: black char 0x90: blue char 0xa0: green char
    0xb0: cyan char 0xc0: red char 0xd0: magenta char
    0xe0: yellow char 0xf0: while char

    mode & 1 is ignored.
    mode = 0xf0 means the string is erased.
    The colors in the reverse mode become complementary colors.

    The above is the same for -hyper:.

    mode & 0x100 = 0: The coloring of the searched string is individual.
    != 0: The entire string found on that page is colored.

    mode & 0x200 = 0: The mouse cursor does not move.
    != 0: The mouse cursor points to the searched string.


    This parameter specifies which fonts (usually symbols fonts) to be ignored in
    String Search or String Copy contexts (Property Sheets->[Search]).

    List fonts to be ignored, delimited by semicolons (; ), followed by a space character, followed by fonts that have only uppercase letters (A to Z), also delimited by semicolons. For the latter, lowercase and other characters are ignored.

    The tail part of the font name may be omitted by appending an asterisk (* ). In this case, the delimiting semicolon (; ) is can also be omitted. Thus, lasy* stands for lasy8, lasy10, etc. Here's an example:

    -sFont:cmex*lasy*line*lcircle* cmsy*cmbsy*


    There is a image viewer software named Susie freely available. Some DLL's of Susie plug_in are developed for some image format.

    By employing Susie, dviout for Windows can import various file formats of image. Parameter -spi: specifies the directory where Susie exists. The default is the directory where dviout exists.

    Dviout will search for JPEG/TIFF/GIF/PCD image files in the directory where -spi: specifies, where dviout.exe exists, Windows directory and whatever on your PATH.


    This sets the number of dots in one scroll (
    Property Sheets->[Display]).

    The larger this value, the faster the scrolling, but the scrolling is no longer smooth. This is specified by a positive integer.


    When the
    FLI Font Library is used, the variable part of the font library name in -TEXPK: is represented by ^f and set. The variable parts are listed in -TEXFLI: (Property Sheets->[Font2]).


    This specifies the name of the directory containing the
    tfm files and the jfm files when using European Language TrueType Fonts in an old way, or PK fonts do not exist, but correctly sized spaces replace them if the tfm files exist (Property Sheets->[Font]).

    ^r, ;, and \\ can be used and have the same meanings as with -TEXPK:.


    When using a
    bitmapped Japanese font on the disk used by the MS-DOS version of dviout, as in the MS-DOS version, that font is specified by -TEXKNJ: (Property Sheets->[JFont2]). The number of horizontal dots in each font must be included in the file name.
    In "-TEXKNJ:", that number of dots is specified by ^d.

    For example, the specification can be


    The ^s in TEXKNJ: is replaced by the string without the numbers at the end of the corresponding jfm file name without the extension (.tfm).

    For example, for goth5.tfm or goth10.tfm, goth is substituted in ^s. The last part in the above example specifies the presence of Japanese fonts such as goth.24, kanji.24, kanji.32, or kanji.48 in the c:\font\jfont directory.


    This specifies the presence of
    Font Glyph Files such European language PK fonts.When ASCII pTeX is used, this also specifies the presence of Japanese jfm files (Font Metric Files) (Property Sheets->[Font], Examples of TEXPK Settings)

    In this specification, ^ or % is grouped with the next character. They are replaced by special values. ^ can be changed to %.
    String specified by -TEXROOT:
    Font name(cmr10, min10, etc.)
    dpi(dots per inch) value
    Five times the dpi value
    Indicates a GTH Font Library or FAR Font Library
    Indicates the variable part of the FLI Font Library
    Directory where dviout was installed
    Windows system directory
    Line of any directory names (kpathsea function)
    Delimiter for multiple specifications. Precedence given to specification written earlier


    This creates the index file recording the location of each character raster (using pktopkd) for the PK font. It can be specified by
    -TEXPK: and used.

    "-TEXPKD:" specifies the location of the actual font in a part of the path from the root and is used with the relative directory path written in the index file (Property Sheets->[Font2]).

    The following are used in MS-DOS.
    - When using a PK font larger than 64K bytes
    - When handling a dvi file that uses many PK files (for example, a file typeset by NTT's version of JTeX)


    -TEXPK: or -TEXFONTS: are strings containing ^r or %r, the string set in -TEXROOT: is substituted (Property Sheets->[Font]).

    Path names from a shared root can be set.


    This represents the width of the unprintable area at the top of the paper. This parameter is specified as a length.

    Therefore, the vertical directions of the print positions in the printer and its dedicated driver are corrected. A temporary adjustment is made by
    -OY:. (cf. Property Sheets -> [Printer])


    This specifies whether
    tpic specials commands are enabled; or if enabled, whether to use the Bezier curves when drawing curves (default) or to use spline curves (Property Sheets->[Graphic]).

    This is an integer parameter. The above three choices are labeled as 0, 1, 2.


    This controls the use of
    European Language TrueType Fonts (Property Sheets->[Font2]). A non-negative number is specified.

    -ttf:0 Prohibits the use of European language TrueType fonts.

    -ttf: <num> When <num> is a positive integer, the use of Europian Language TrueType Fonts is prohibited for a fonts smaller than <num> dpi(the value used in -TEXPK: by ^d).

    The TrueType font is only used for a TeX font which satisfies the conditions
    - -ttf:is positive and the size of the font is not small than this value
    - the tfm file of the font is searched by -TEXPK:
    - the correspondence of a TrueType font with this font is defined in Property Sheets->[WinJFont]

    To validitate the change of the value of this parameter for all fonts, push [Flush] button in [Font2]. Otherwise this is applied only to the fonts that have never been used by dviout.


    When "-varf:" option is set to ON, fixed-size Japanese fonts are enlarged or reduced in continuous magnification, they can be used as a scalable font.
    In addition, when the entire font is enlarged or reduced by the
    -e: option, the same adjustments are also made for fixed-size European language fonts. This parameter is set to ON or OFF (Property Sheets->[Font2]).

    Since the jfm file is read for a Japanese font and the vertical and horizontal directions are individually enlarged or reduced to obtain the appropriate vertical and horizontal sizes, flat types or long types can be handled.

    If the size differs in the substitute font set by -F:, -FB: is used to adjust the size.


    If this parameter is specified, the height of the text read from a dvi file is regarded as the vertical height of the document. Then, the document can be in centering in vertical direction on the sheet. (
    Property Sheets->[Paper]). A length value is set to this parameter.


    When the centering in the vertical direction is specified, the movement in the vertical direction after centering can be defined (
    Property Sheets->[Paper]).This parameter can be set to ON or OFF.


    When Windows TrueType fonts or the Shotai-Club fonts are used, the configuration file (default file name of dviout.vfn) is specified by the full path name (
    Property Sheets->[JFont2]).

    This cannot be used with the specification by [WinJFont]. Specify only when using Shotai-Club fonts but not Windows TrueType Japanese fonts.


    Dviout invokes METAFONTS for font generation and
    Ghostscript for PostScript interpretation. These external programs are run in an iconified state (hidden in the Windows task bar, not as an open window) by default.

    If the -Wshow: switch is ON, external programs are run as a separate window, which is open until the program ends (Property Sheets->[System]). This switch should be set ON if the program stalls when iconified state.


    The paper size and orientation are specified in "
    Property Sheets->[Paper]". In the parameters in dviout.par, from the


    <papersize> = A3, A4, A5, B4, B5, H, Legal, Letter

    These are the sizes for A3, A4, A5, B4, B5, postcard, legal, and letter, respectively.

    By setting <papersize> = F<width>:<Height>, the vertical and horizontal lengths can be set independently. (The <width> length is written as 12.5cm, 123mm, for example.)

    The P and L after <papersize> represent the portrait and landscape orientations of the paper.


    This parameter switches enabling or disabling the use of Virtual Fonts.

    The followings are not supported at now and there may exist some bugs,
    - Tate mode in Japanese TeX
    - specials
    - depth of local stack is at most 16

    Notes for non-japanese Windows95/NT users

    You can run dviout for Windows on non-Japanese Windows95/NT (There are some reports of running on U.S.A. and German version of Windows95/NT).

    - If you want to use japanese True Type fonts on non-japanese Windows95/NT, see

    - If dviout indicates a warning with fonts when start up, just ignore the warning and press "NO".

    Even on non-Japanese Windows95/NT dviout can treat pTeX(Japanized TeX developed by ASCII corp.) and NTT JTeX if you have jfm files and TrueType or bitmapped Japanese fonts. Some of them can be obtained freely.


      Supported Functions
      dviout Users Group
      Known Problems
      Parameter List
      Example of Parameter Setting
      Property Sheets
      String Search
      String Copy
        Another file
        Page Number
      Start and Exit
        no more dviout
      Link to Other Programs
        Example Using DDE
        Setting the Resolution
        Setting the Font Path
          Examples of TEXPK Settings
        Adjusting the Display Scale
        Adjusting the Print Position
        Associating dvi files with dviout
        Automatic Parameter Installation Function
        Page Selection
        Reduce/Magnify Printing Function
        Pause at Each Page
        Page Printing Order
          Examples Using the Print Options
        Page Printing Order
        Cancel During Print Data Output
        Unite Print Jobs
        dviprt Printing
          Examples of dviprt Settings
          CFG File
          LBP Driver
          Including printer control codes into TeX file
    User Interface
      Menu Bar
        File Menu
        Jump Menu
        Search Menu
        Display Menu
        View Menu
        Option Menu
        Help Menu
      Information Display
        Information related to files and views
        Font Information
        Buffer Information
        Key Function Table
        Parameter List
        Output of Parameter Setting
    Property Sheets
        current mode
        gamma correction
        gray scale
        reverse Display
          [Guess] Specifications
        Handling Missing Fonts
        Font Glyph File
        Font Metric File
        tfm file
        jfm file
        FLI Font Library
        European Language TrueType Font
        GTH Font Library
        FAR Font Library
        Font Check
        -F: specification
        Automatic Font Generation
          Template for Font Creation
        TrueType Font List
        H scale in [WinJFont]
        V scale in [WinJFont]
        [Define] in [WinJFont]
        [Remove] in [WinJFont]
        [Change Font]
        [Add Font]
        jfm/tfm in [WinJFont]
        Flat font in [WinJFont]
        Slanted font in [WinJFont]
        Orientation in [WinJFont]
        H position in [WinJFont]
        V position in [WinJFont]
        -ntt specification
        Define in [Key]
        Clear in [Key]
        Search in [Key]
        All Clear in [Key]
        Function in [Key]
        Key in [Key]
        HyperTeX specials
        BMP file
        tpic specials
          tpic specials commands
          tpic specials extensions
        Image data file
          Image data file specials
          PostScript special parameters
          Examples using PostScript specials
        Current Directory
        Selected mode
          Current Name:
          Current mode:
          Default mode:
          Current Print:
        [Auto Load]
        [Save] in [REGISTRY]
        [Restore] in [REGISTRY]
        [All Set] in [REGISTRY]
        [All Clear] in [REGISTRY]
        list box in [REGISTRY]